Columbian White-Tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus leucurus)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:    and  

General Information

White-tailed deer are generally distinguished from mule or black-tailed deer by their longer tail that is brown rather than black on the dorsal surface, a smaller metatarsal gland, and, in adult males, antlers with prongs arising from a single main beam. The Columbian white-tail is one of the large subspecies with "antlers narrowly spreading and curving steeply upward; upperparts dull in general tone, with grizzled pattern approaching Sayal Brown; top of head grizzled, the individual hairs near Mars Brown with buffy tips; tail varying from Cinnamon Buff to Tawny dorsally, terminating in a small, partially concealed, subterminal patch, and broadly fringed with white above and pure white to tip below; outer and more exposed surfaces of legs to base of hoofs near Sayal Brown." The Columbian white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus leucurus) is one of 38 recognized subspecies of O. virginianus.

Population detail

The FWS is currently monitoring the following populations of the Columbian White-Tailed deer 

  • Population location: Columbia River (Clark, Cowliz, Pacific, Skamania, and Wahkiakum Counties, WA., and Clatsop, Columbia, and Multnomah Counties, OR.)

    Listing status:  Endangered

    This population has been proposed for downlisting (Endangered -> Threatened)
    • States/US Territories in which this population is known to or is believed to occur:  Oregon , Washington
    • US Counties in which this population is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
    • USFWS Refuges in which this population is known to occur:  Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian White-Tailed Deer, Lewis and Clark National Wildlife Refuge, Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge
    • Additional species information
  • Population location: Douglas County, Oregon

    Listing status:  Delisted due to Recovery

 
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
03/11/1967 Pacific Region (Region 1) Columbia River (Clark, Cowliz, Pacific, Skamania, and Wahkiakum Counties, WA., and Clatsop, Columbia, and Multnomah Counties, OR.)
07/24/2003 Pacific Region (Region 1) Douglas County, Oregon

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents
Date Citation Page Title
10/08/2015 80 FR 60850 60871 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Reclassifying the Columbian White-Tailed Deer From Endangered to Threatened With a Rule Under Section 4(d) of the Act
11/23/2005 70 FR 70876 Draft Post-Delisting Monitoring Plan for the Douglas County Distinct Population Segment of the Columbian White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus leucurus)
07/24/2003 68 FR 43647 43659 Final Rule to Remove the Douglas County Distinct Population Segment of Columbian White-Tailed Deer From the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife
12/29/1999 64 FR 72992 72993 ETWP; Reopening of the Comment Period on the Proposed Delisting of the Douglas County Population of the Columbian White-Tailed Deer
11/03/1999 64 FR 59729 59730 Reopening of the Comment Period on the Proposed Delisting of the Douglas County Population of the Columbian White-tailed Deer
11/24/2010 75 FR 71726 71729 5-Year Status Reviews of 58 Species in Washington, Oregon, California, and Hawaii
07/26/2006 71 FR 42410 42411 Post-Delisting Monitoring Plan for the Douglas County Distinct Population Segment of the Columbian White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus leucurus)
06/21/2002 67 FR 42217 42229 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Supplemental Proposed Rule To Remove the Douglas County Population of Columbian White-Tailed Deer From the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife; Notice of a Public Hearing
05/11/1999 64 FR 25263 25269 Proposed Rule To Delist the Douglas County Population of Columbian White-Tailed Deer
03/11/1967 32 FR 4001 Endangered Species List - 1967
Special Rule Publications
Date Citation Page Title
10/08/2015 80 FR 60850 60871 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Reclassifying the Columbian White-Tailed Deer From Endangered to Threatened With a Rule Under Section 4(d) of the Act

» Recovery

Current Recovery Plan(s)
Date Title Plan Action Status Plan Status
06/14/1983 Columbian White-tailed Deer Revised Recovery Plan View Implementation Progress Final Revision 1
Other Recovery Documents
Date Citation Page Title Document Type
05/11/1999 64 FR 25263 25269 Proposed Rule To Delist the Douglas County Population of Columbian White-Tailed Deer
  • Proposed Delisting
05/11/1999 64 FR 25263 25269 Proposed Rule To Delist the Douglas County Population of Columbian White-Tailed Deer
  • Proposed Delisting, Recovered
07/26/2006 71 FR 42410 42411 Post-Delisting Monitoring Plan for the Douglas County Distinct Population Segment of the Columbian White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus leucurus)
  • Notice Doc. Availability
07/24/2003 68 FR 43647 43659 Final Rule to Remove the Douglas County Distinct Population Segment of Columbian White-Tailed Deer From the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife
  • Final Delisting, Recovered
06/21/2002 67 FR 42217 42229 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Supplemental Proposed Rule To Remove the Douglas County Population of Columbian White-Tailed Deer From the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife; Notice of a Public Hearing
  • Proposed Delisting
11/23/2005 70 FR 70876 Draft Post-Delisting Monitoring Plan for the Douglas County Distinct Population Segment of the Columbian White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus leucurus)
  • Notice Doc. Availability
11/24/2010 75 FR 71726 71729 5-Year Status Reviews of 58 Species in Washington, Oregon, California, and Hawaii
  • Notice 5-year Review, Initiation
Five Year Review
Date Title
11/05/2013 Columbian White-tailed Deer 5-year Review
Delisting Documents
Date Title
07/26/2006 CWTD Douglas Co DPS_PDM Plan

» Critical Habitat

No critical habitat rules have been published for the Columbian White-Tailed deer.

» Conservation Plans

Habitat Conservation Plans (HCP) (learn more)
HCP Plan Summaries
WDNR Forest Lands HCP

» Petitions

» Life History

No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.

» Other Resources

NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.