Delmarva Peninsula fox squirrel (Sciurus niger cinereus)
This large, slate grey tree squirrel (Sciurus niger cinereus) has an unusually full, fluffy tail and white belly. Larger than common gray squirrels, this fox squirrel subspecies measures up to 28 inches long and weighs up to three pounds. Once found throughout the Delmarva Peninsula, the range was reduced to 10% of the original size at the time of listing and it only occurred in three counties and a small island in one other county. Populations of the Delmarva fox squirrel now occur naturally in portions of Queen Anne's, Talbot, Dorchester and Caroline Counties in Maryland, and southwestern Sussex County, Delaware. Together with successful translocated populations, the current distribution now includes eight counties on the Eastern Shore of Maryland (all but Cecil) and Sussex County, Delaware and Accomack County, Virginia. The Delmarva fox squirrel inhabits mature forests of mixed hardwoods and pines in the agricultural landscapes of the Delmarva Peninsula. The mature trees provide higher abundance of acorns and other foods and provide den sites as well. Mature forest tracks along rivers, streams and bays are also used.
- States/US Territories in which the Delmarva Peninsula fox squirrel, Entire, except where experimental is known to or is believed to occur: Delaware , Maryland , Virginia
- US Counties in which the Delmarva Peninsula fox squirrel, Entire, except where experimental is known to or is believed to occur: View All
- USFWS Refuges in which the Delmarva Peninsula fox squirrel, Entire, except where experimental is known to occur:
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge, Chincoteague National Wildlife Refuge, Prime Hook National Wildlife Refuge
- Additional species information
|Status||Date Listed||Lead Region||Where Listed|
|03/11/1967||Northeast Region (Region 5)||Entire, except where experimental|
» Federal Register Documents
|04/05/1984||49 FR 13556 13558||Proposed Determination of Experimental Population Status for Introduced Population of Delmarva Fox Squirrel; 49 R 13556-13558|
|Date||Title||Plan Action Status||Plan Status|
|06/08/1993||Delmarva Peninsula Fox Squirrel||View Implementation Progress||Final Revision 2|
|09/04/2012||2012 Delmarva fox squirrel 5-yr review|
|09/07/2007||Delmarva Peninsula Fox Squirrel 5-Year Review|
|11/16/2015||Delmarva fox squirrel post delisting monitoring plan 2015|
|09/23/2014||Draft Postdelisting Monitoring Plan for the Delmarva Peninsula fox squirrel|
» Critical Habitat
No critical habitat rules have been published for the Delmarva Peninsula fox squirrel.
» Conservation Plans
|HCP Plan Summaries|
|Home Port on Winchester Creek Development Project|
|Pleasant Rifts Development and Delmarva fox squirrels|
» Life History
No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.
» Other Resources
NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.
ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.
FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.