Red wolf (Canis rufus)
Listing Status: and
As their name suggests, red wolves are known for the characteristic reddish color of their fur most apparent behind the ears and along the neck and legs, but are mostly brown and buff colored with some black along their backs. Intermediate in size to gray wolves and coyotes, the average adult red wolf weighs 45-80 pounds, stands about 26 inches at the shoulder and is about 4 feet long from the tip of the nose to the end of the tail.
The FWS is currently monitoring the following populations of the Red wolf
Population location: Entire, except where listed as experimental populations below
Listing status: Endangered
- States/US Territories in which this population is known to or is believed to occur: Florida , North Carolina , South Carolina
- US Counties in which this population is known to or is believed to occur: View All
- USFWS Refuges in which this population is known to occur:
Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge, Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge, Mattamuskeet National Wildlife Refuge, Pocosin Lakes National Wildlife Refuge, St. Vincent National Wildlife Refuge... Show All Refuges
Population location: U.S.A. (portions of NC and TN_see 17.84(c)(9))
Listing status: Experimental Population, Non-Essential
|Status||Date Listed||Lead Region||Where Listed|
|03/11/1967||Southeast Region (Region 4)||Entire, except where listed as experimental populations below|
|11/19/1986||Southeast Region (Region 4)||U.S.A. (portions of NC and TN_see 17.84(c)(9))|
» Federal Register Documents
|11/19/1986||51 FR 41790 41797||Determination of Experimental Population Status for Introduced Population of Red Wolves in North Carolina; 51 FR 41790-41797|
|11/04/1991||56 FR 56325 56334||ETWP; Determination of Experimental Population Status for an Introduced Population of Red Wolves in North Carolina and Tennessee; 56 FR 56325 56334|
|Date||Title||Plan Action Status||Plan Status|
|10/26/1990||Red Wolf Recovery/Species Survival Plan||View Implementation Progress||Final Revision 2|
|09/28/2007||Red Wolf 5-Year Review|
» Critical Habitat
No critical habitat rules have been published for the Red wolf.
» Conservation Plans
No conservation plans have been created for Red wolf.
» Life History
No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.
» Other Resources
NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.
ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.
FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.