Red wolf (Canis rufus)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:    and  

General Information

As their name suggests, red wolves are known for the characteristic reddish color of their fur most apparent behind the ears and along the neck and legs, but are mostly brown and buff colored with some black along their backs. Intermediate in size to gray wolves and coyotes, the average adult red wolf weighs 45-80 pounds, stands about 26 inches at the shoulder and is about 4 feet long from the tip of the nose to the end of the tail.

Population detail

The FWS is currently monitoring the following populations of the Red wolf 

  • Population location: Wherever found, except where listed as an experimental population

    Listing status:  Endangered

    • States/US Territories in which this population is known to or is believed to occur:  Florida , North Carolina , South Carolina
    • US Counties in which this population is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
    • USFWS Refuges in which this population is known to occur:  Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge, Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge, Mattamuskeet National Wildlife Refuge, Pocosin Lakes National Wildlife Refuge, St. Vincent National Wildlife Refuge  ... Show All Refuges
  • Population location: U.S.A. (portions of NC and TN see 17.84(c)(9))

    Listing status:  Experimental Population, Non-Essential

 
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
1967-03-11 Southeast Region (Region 4) Wherever found, except where listed as an experimental population
1986-11-19 Southeast Region (Region 4) U.S.A. (portions of NC and TN see 17.84(c)(9))

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents
Date Citation Page Title
1986-07-24 00:00:00.0 51 FR 26564 26569 Proposed Determination of Experimental Population Status for Introduced Population of Red Wolves in North Carolina; 51 FR 26564-26569
1995-04-13 00:00:00.0 60 FR 18941 18948 ETWP; Revision of the Special Rule for Nonessential Experimental Populations of Red Wolves in North Carolina and Tennessee
1991-08-07 00:00:00.0 56 FR 37513 37519 ETWP; Proposed Determination of Experimental Population Status for an Introduced Population of Red Wolves in North Carolina and Tennessee; 56 FR 37513 37519
1967-03-11 00:00:00.0 32 FR 4001 Endangered Species List - 1967
1992-01-13 00:00:00.0 57 FR 1246 1250 ETWP; 90-Day Finding on a Petition to Delist the Red Wolf, Canis rufus; 57 FR 1246 1250
1999-11-05 00:00:00.0 64 FR 60454 Notice of Three Public Open Houses Prior to Proposing a Revision to the Special Rule for a Nonessential Experimental Population of Red Wolves in North Carolina
1986-11-19 00:00:00.0 51 FR 41790 41797 Determination of Experimental Population Status for Introduced Population of Red Wolves in North Carolina; 51 FR 41790-41797
1991-11-04 00:00:00.0 56 FR 56325 56334 ETWP; Determination of Experimental Population Status for an Introduced Population of Red Wolves in North Carolina and Tennessee; 56 FR 56325 56334
1997-12-09 00:00:00.0 62 FR 64799 64800 ETWP; 90-Day Finding for a Petition To Delist the Red Wolf
Special Rule Publications
Date Citation Page Title
1986-11-19 00:00:00.0 51 FR 41790 41797 Determination of Experimental Population Status for Introduced Population of Red Wolves in North Carolina; 51 FR 41790-41797
1991-11-04 00:00:00.0 56 FR 56325 56334 ETWP; Determination of Experimental Population Status for an Introduced Population of Red Wolves in North Carolina and Tennessee; 56 FR 56325 56334

» Recovery

Current Recovery Plan(s)
Date Title Plan Action Status Plan Status
1990-10-26 Red Wolf Recovery/Species Survival Plan View Implementation Progress Final Revision 2
Five Year Review
Date Title
2007-09-28 Red Wolf 5-Year Review

» Critical Habitat

No critical habitat rules have been published for the Red wolf.

» Conservation Plans

No conservation plans have been created for Red wolf.

» Petitions

» Life History

No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.

» Other Resources

NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.