Wood Bison (Bison bison athabascae)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:   

Where Listed: WHEREVER FOUND

General Information

The Wood Bison is the largest Canadian terrestrial mammal. It is dark brown, with a massive head, a high hump on its large shoulders, and long shaggy hair on its shoulders and front legs. The short legs end in rounded hooves. The short and black horns curve inward on the males, but are straight on the females. There are two moults every year, one in the spring and one in the fall. The males are larger than the females; an adult male measures 3.04 to 3.8 m in length and 1.67 to 1.82 m in height (at the shoulders), and weighs between 350 and 1000 kg.

  • States/US Territories in which the Wood Bison, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur:  Alaska
  • US Counties in which the Wood Bison, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
  • Countries in which the the Wood Bison, Wherever found is known to occur:  Canada
  • Additional species information
 
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
06/02/1970 Alaska Region (Region 7) Wherever found

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents
Date Citation Page Title
01/18/2013 78 FR 4108 4119 Proposed Establishment of a Nonessential Experimental Population of Wood Bison in Alaska
02/25/2010 75 FR 8736 8738 Request for Scoping Comments and Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment for the Proposed Designation of a Non-Essential Experimental Population of Wood Bison in Alaska
05/03/2012 77 FR 26191 26212 Reclassifying the Wood Bison Under the Endangered Species Act as Threatened Throughout Its Range: Final rule.
04/19/2013 78 FR 23533 23536 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; 90-Day Finding on a Petition To Delist the Wood Bison
06/02/1970 35 FR 8491 8498 Part 17 - Conservation of Endangered Species and Other Fish or Wildlife (First List of Endangered Foreign Fish and Wildlife as Appendix A)
05/07/2014 79 FR 26175 26188 Establishment of a Nonessential Experimental Population of Wood Bison in Alaska
04/19/2013 78 FR 23533 23536 90-Day Finding on a Petition To Delist the Wood Bison
11/25/1998 63 FR 65164 65165 ETWP; Notice of Finding on a Petition To Delist the Wood Bison From the List of Threatened and Endangered Species
04/14/1970 35 FR 6069 Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (Endangered Species Conservation); 35 FR 6069
02/08/2011 76 FR 6734 6754 Reclassifying the Wood Bison (Bison bison athabascae) Under the Endangered Species Act as Threatened Throughout Its Range
02/03/2009 74 FR 5908 5910 Petition To Reclassify the Wood Bison From Endangered to Threatened

» Recovery

No recovery information is available for the Wood Bison.

» Critical Habitat

No critical habitat rules have been published for the Wood Bison.

» Conservation Plans

No conservation plans have been created for Wood Bison.

» Petitions

» Life History

No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.

» Other Resources

NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.