Eastern puma (Puma (=felis) concolor couguar)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:   

Where Listed: WHEREVER FOUND

General Information

The cougar's Latin name gives a clue to its appearance; “concolor” means with one color, and adult cougars' fur is a uniform red-brown or gray-brown. Cougars have long, slender bodies with very long tails and broad, round heads with erect, rounded ears. Adult cats average from 6 feet (females) to 8 feet (males) long, including their tail. Males, at around 140 pounds, are larger than females at about 105 pounds. Cougars can swim, climb trees, and leap horizontally and vertically equally well. Eastern cougars' primary prey was white-tailed deer, but they also hunted eastern elk (now extinct) and porcupines and other smaller mammals. The eastern cougar (Puma concolor couguar) once roamed the eastern United States from Maine to South Carolina and west from Michigan to Tennessee. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has for years presumed the eastern couger was extinct, having no verifiable evidence, such as DNA, to the contrary. Although many people have seen cougars in the East, and some have taken photographs, the animals sighted may not be the subspecies known as the eastern cougar.

This population has been proposed for delisting
 
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
1973-06-04 Northeast Region (Region 5) Wherever found

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents
Date Citation Page Title
2016-06-28 00:00:00.0 81 FR 41925 41926 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Removing Eastern Puma (=Cougar) From the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife
2007-01-29 00:00:00.0 72 FR 4018 4019 Initiation of a 5-Year Review of Ten Listed Northeastern Species
1973-06-04 00:00:00.0 38 FR 14678 Amendments to List of Endangered Fish and Wildlife; 37 FR 14678
2015-06-17 00:00:00.0 81 FR 34595 34605 Proposed Rule for Removing Eastern Puma (=Cougar) From the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife

» Recovery

Current Recovery Plan(s)
Date Title Plan Action Status Plan Status
1982-08-02 Eastern Cougar View Implementation Progress Final
Other Recovery Documents
Date Citation Page Title Document Type
2015-06-17 81 FR 34595 34605 Proposed Rule for Removing Eastern Puma (=Cougar) From the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife
  • Proposed Delisting, Extinct
2007-01-29 72 FR 4018 4019 Initiation of a 5-Year Review of Ten Listed Northeastern Species
  • Notice 5-year Review, Initiation
2016-06-28 81 FR 41925 41926 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Removing Eastern Puma (=Cougar) From the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife
  • Notice Reopen Comment
  • Proposed Delisting, Extinct
Five Year Review
Date Title
2011-03-02 Eastern cougar completed 5-yr review

» Critical Habitat

No critical habitat rules have been published for the Eastern puma.

» Conservation Plans

No conservation plans have been created for Eastern puma.

» Petitions

» Life History

No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.

» Other Resources

NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.