Mariana Fruit Bat (Pteropus mariannus mariannus)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:   

Where Listed: WHEREVER FOUND

General Information

The Mariana fruit bat is a medium-sized fruit bat in the family Pteropididae that weighs 0.66 to 1.15 pounds (330 to 577 grams) and has a forearm length ranging from 5.3 to 6.1 in (13.4 to 15.6 cm); males are slightly larger than females. The underside (abdomen) is colored black to brown, with gray hair interspersed, creating a grizzled appearance. The shoulders (mantle) and sides of the neck are usually bright golden brown, but may be paler in some individuals. The head varies from brown to dark brown. The well-formed and rounded ears and large eyes give the face a canine appearance; members of the family Pteropodidae often are referred to as flying foxes.

  • States/US Territories in which the Mariana Fruit Bat, Entire is known to or is believed to occur:  Guam , Northern Mariana Islands
  • US Counties in which the Mariana Fruit Bat, Entire is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
 
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
08/27/1984 Pacific Region (Region 1) Entire

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents
Date Citation Page Title
06/13/1979 44 FR 33915 Review of the Status of Ten Birds and Two Mammals from Guam
05/18/1979 44 FR 29128 29130 Review of the Status of Ten Birds and Two Mammals from Guam
10/15/2002 67 FR 63738 63772 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Determinations of Prudency for Two Mammal and Four Bird Species in Guam and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands and Proposed Designations of Critical Habitat for One Mammal and Two Birds Species
04/25/1990 55 FR 17475 17476 ETWP; Annual Description of Progress on Listing Actions and Findings on Recycled Petitions; 55 FR 17475 17476
12/30/1982 47 FR 58454 58460 Review of Vertebrate Wildlife for Listing as End. or Thr. Species
01/06/1989 54 FR 554 579 ETWP; Animal Notice of Review; 54 FR 554 579
03/06/2012 77 FR 13248 13251 5-Year Status Reviews of 46 Species in Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Nevada, Montana, Hawaii, Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands:Notice of initiation of reviews; request for information.
08/27/1984 49 FR 33881 33885 Determination of End. Status for 7 Birds & 2 Bats of Guam & Northern Mariana Islands; 49 FR 33881-33885
09/18/1985 50 FR 37958 37967 Review of Vertebrate Wildlife; Notice of Review; 50 FR 37958-37967
06/02/2004 69 FR 31073 31074 Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants; determinations of prudency ofcritical habitat designation for two mammal and four bird species in Guam and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; designations of critical habitat for one mammal and two bird species in guam and the commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; proposed rule; reopening of comment period, notice of availablity
03/30/2010 75 FR 15723 Draft Revised Recovery Plan for the Mariana Fruit Bat or Fanihi (Pteropus mariannus mariannus)
10/28/2004 69 FR 629447 629446 Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants; designation of critical habitat for the mariana fruit bat and guam micronesian kingfisher on guam and the mariana crow on guam and in the commeonwealth of the northern mariana islands; final rule
03/26/1998 63 FR 14641 14650 ETWP; Proposed Reclassification From Endangered to Threatened Status for the Mariana Fruit Bat From Guam, and Proposed Threatened Status for the Mariana Fruit Bat From the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
01/21/1987 52 FR 2239 2242 Findings on Petitions & Initiation of Status Reviews; 52 FR 2239-2242
05/27/2004 69 FR 30277 30278 Proposed reclassification from endangered to threatened status for the Mariana fruit bat from Guam, and proposed threatened status for the Mariana fruit bat from the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; proposed rule; reopening of comment period
08/17/2005 70 FR 48433 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of the Mariana Fruit Bat (Pteropus mariannus mariannus), etc.; Correction
12/05/2002 67 FR 72407 72408 Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants; determinations of prudency for two mammal and four bird species in Guam and the Commonwealth of the nothern Mariana Islands and designations of critical habitat for one mammal and two bird species
01/28/2003 68 FR 4159 4160 Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants; determinations of prudency for two mammal and four bird species in Guam and the Commonwealth of the northern Mariana Islands and Designations of crictial habitat for one mammal and two bird species; proposed rule; reopening of comments period
11/15/1994 59 FR 58982 59028 ETWP; Animal Candidate Review for Listing as Endangered or Threatened Species.
11/21/1991 56 FR 58664 58666 ETWP; Annual Description of Progress on Listing Actions and Findings on Recycled Petitions; 56 FR 58664 58666
06/14/1991 56 FR 27485 27493 ETWP:Proposed Designation of Critical Habitat for the Little Mariana fruit bat, Mariana Fruit Bat, Guam Broadbill, Mariana Crow, Guam Micronesian King fisher, and Guam Bridled White-Eye;
11/29/1983 48 FR 53729 53733 Proposed End. Status for Seven Birds & Two Mammals from Mariana Islands; 48 FR 53729-53733
04/04/1994 59 FR 15696 15700 ETWP; Withdrawal of Proposed Rule to Designate Critical Habitat for the Little Mariana Fruit Bat, Mariana Fruit Bat, Guam Broadbill, Mariana Crow, Guam Micronesian Kingfisher, and Guam Bridled White-Eye
01/06/2005 70 FR 1190 1210 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Mariana Fruit Bat (Pteropus mariannus mariannus): Reclassification From Endangered to Threatened in the Territory of Guam and Listing as Threatened in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
07/06/2005 70 FR 38972 38975 Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of the Mariana Fruit Bat (Pteropus mariannus mariannus), Mariana Crow (Corvus hawaiiensis), Laysan Duck (Anas laysanensis), Kauai Akialoa (Honeycreeper) (Hemignathus procerus), Large Kauai Thrush (Myadestes myadestinus), Kauai Oo (Honeyeater) (Moho braccatus), Ou (Honeycreeper) (Psittirostra psittace), Molokai Creeper (Paroreomyza flammea), Molokai Thrush (Myadestes lanaiensis rutha), Kauai Cave Wolf Spider (Adelocosa anops) Kauai Cave Amphipod (Spelaeorchestia koloana), Alsinidendron obovatum (No Common Name), Amaranthus brownii (No Common Name), Chamaesyce celastroides var. kaenana (Akoko), Chamaesyce deppeana (Akoko), Chamaesyce herbstii (Akoko), Chamaesyce skottsbergii var. kalaeloana (Ewa Plains Akoko), Clermontia pyrularia (Oha Wai), Cyanea grimesiana ssp. obatae (No Common Name), Cyanea pinnatifida (Haha), Cyanea st.-johnii (Haha), Cyanea superba (Haha), Cyanea truncata (Haha), Cyrtandra dentate (Haiwale), Gouania vitifolia (No Common Name), Hedyotis degeneri (No Common Name), Hibiscadelphus woodii (Hau Kuahiwi), Castilleja levisecta (Golden paintbrush), Fender's Blue Butterfly (Icaricia icarioides fenderi), Erigeron decumbens var. decumbens (Willamette Daisy), Lupinus sulphureus ssp. kincaidii (Kincaid's Lupine), Lomatium bradshawii (Bradshaw's Desert Parsley), and Sidalcea nelsoniana (Nelson's Checker-mallow)
11/21/1991 56 FR 58804 58836 ETWP; Animal Candidate Review for Listing as Endangered or Threatened Species; 56 FR 58804 58836

» Recovery

Current Recovery Plan(s)
Date Title Plan Action Status Plan Status
03/30/2010 Draft Revised Recovery Plan for the Mariana Fruit Bat or Fanihi (Pteropus mariannus mariannus) View Implementation Progress Draft Revision 1
Other Recovery Documents
Date Citation Page Title Document Type
07/06/2005 70 FR 38972 38975 Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of the Mariana Fruit Bat (Pteropus mariannus mariannus), Mariana Crow (Corvus hawaiiensis), Laysan Duck (Anas laysanensis), Kauai Akialoa (Honeycreeper) (Hemignathus procerus), Large Kauai Thrush (Myadestes myadestinus), Kauai Oo (Honeyeater) (Moho braccatus), Ou (Honeycreeper) (Psittirostra psittace), Molokai Creeper (Paroreomyza flammea), Molokai Thrush (Myadestes lanaiensis rutha), Kauai Cave Wolf Spider (Adelocosa anops) Kauai Cave Amphipod (Spelaeorchestia koloana), Alsinidendron obovatum (No Common Name), Amaranthus brownii (No Common Name), Chamaesyce celastroides var. kaenana (Akoko), Chamaesyce deppeana (Akoko), Chamaesyce herbstii (Akoko), Chamaesyce skottsbergii var. kalaeloana (Ewa Plains Akoko), Clermontia pyrularia (Oha Wai), Cyanea grimesiana ssp. obatae (No Common Name), Cyanea pinnatifida (Haha), Cyanea st.-johnii (Haha), Cyanea superba (Haha), Cyanea truncata (Haha), Cyrtandra dentate (Haiwale), Gouania vitifolia (No Common Name), Hedyotis degeneri (No Common Name), Hibiscadelphus woodii (Hau Kuahiwi), Castilleja levisecta (Golden paintbrush), Fender's Blue Butterfly (Icaricia icarioides fenderi), Erigeron decumbens var. decumbens (Willamette Daisy), Lupinus sulphureus ssp. kincaidii (Kincaid's Lupine), Lomatium bradshawii (Bradshaw's Desert Parsley), and Sidalcea nelsoniana (Nelson's Checker-mallow)
  • Notice 5-year Review
12/05/2002 67 FR 72407 72408 Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants; determinations of prudency for two mammal and four bird species in Guam and the Commonwealth of the nothern Mariana Islands and designations of critical habitat for one mammal and two bird species
  • Notice Doc. Availability
03/30/2010 75 FR 15723 Draft Revised Recovery Plan for the Mariana Fruit Bat or Fanihi (Pteropus mariannus mariannus)
  • Notice Draft Recovery Plan Availability
03/06/2012 77 FR 13248 13251 5-Year Status Reviews of 46 Species in Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Nevada, Montana, Hawaii, Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands:Notice of initiation of reviews; request for information.
  • Notice 5-year Review, Initiation
Five Year Review
Date Title
08/12/2014 Mariana fruit bat 5-year review 2014

» Critical Habitat

Date Citation Page Title Document Type Status
10/28/2004 69 FR 629447 629446 Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants; designation of critical habitat for the mariana fruit bat and guam micronesian kingfisher on guam and the mariana crow on guam and in the commeonwealth of the northern mariana islands; final rule Final Rule Final designated
10/15/2002 67 FR 63738 63772 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Determinations of Prudency for Two Mammal and Four Bird Species in Guam and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands and Proposed Designations of Critical Habitat for One Mammal and Two Birds Species Proposed Rule Unknown
06/14/1991 56 FR 27485 27493 ETWP:Proposed Designation of Critical Habitat for the Little Mariana fruit bat, Mariana Fruit Bat, Guam Broadbill, Mariana Crow, Guam Micronesian King fisher, and Guam Bridled White-Eye; Proposed Rule Unknown

To learn more about critical habitat please see http://ecos.fws.gov/crithab

» Conservation Plans

No conservation plans have been created for Mariana Fruit Bat.

» Petitions

» Life History

No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.

» Other Resources

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