Woodland caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:   

General Information

Caribou have large, concave hoofs that spread widely to support the animal in snow and soft tundra. The feet also function as paddles when caribou swim. Caribou are the only member of the deer family (Cervidae) in which both sexes grow antlers. Antlers of adult bulls are large and massive; those of adult cows are much shorter and are usually more slender and irregular. In late fall, caribou are clove-brown with a white neck, rump, and feet and often have a white flank stripe. The hair of newborn calves is generally reddish-brown. Newborn calves weigh an average of 13 pounds (6 kg) and grow very quickly. They may double their weight in 10-15 days. Weights of adult bulls average 350-400 pounds (159-182 kg). However, weights of 700 pounds (318 kg) have been recorded. Mature females average 175-225 pounds (80-120 kg). Caribou in northern and southwestern Alaska are generally smaller than caribou in the Interior and in southern parts of the state. The Service is currently working to recover the Selkirk Mountain population of the woodland caribou.

This population has been proposed for downlisting (Endangered -> Threatened)
  • States/US Territories in which the Woodland caribou, Selkirk Mountain population is known to or is believed to occur:  Idaho , Washington
  • US Counties in which the Woodland caribou, Selkirk Mountain population is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
  • Countries in which the the Woodland caribou, Selkirk Mountain population is known to occur:  Canada
 
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
1983-01-14 Pacific Region (Region 1) U.S.A. (ID, WA), Canada (that part of S.E. British Columbia bounded by the U.S.-Can. border, Columbia R., Kootenay R., Kootenay L., and Kootenai R.)

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents
Date Citation Page Title
2012-11-28 00:00:00.0 77 FR 71041 71082 Designation of Critical Habitat for the Southern Selkirk Mountains Population of Woodland Caribou: Final rule.
2011-11-30 00:00:00.0 76 FR 74018 74038 Designation of Critical Habitat for the Southern Selkirk Mountains Population of Woodland Caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou):Proposed rule.
1993-11-29 00:00:00.0 58 FR 62623 62624 ETWP; Notice of 90-Day Finding on Petition to Delist the Selkirk Mountains Woodland Caribou
2014-06-10 00:00:00.0 79 FR 33169 33170 12-Month Finding on a Petition To Delist the Southern Selkirk Mountains Population of Woodland Caribou and Proposed Rule: Extension of comment period and notice of public hearings
2014-05-08 00:00:00.0 79 FR 26503 26535 12-Month Finding on a Petition To Delist the Southern Selkirk Mountains Population of Woodland Caribou and Proposed Rule To Amend the Listing; Proposed Rule
1983-01-14 00:00:00.0 48 FR 1722 1726 Emergency Determination of Endangered Status for the Population of Woodland Caribou Found in WA, ID, & Southern British Columbia;
1983-06-22 00:00:00.0 48 FR 28500 28504 Proposed End. Status for Population of Woodland Caribou in WA, ID, & So. British Columbia; 48 FR 28500-28504
1982-12-30 00:00:00.0 47 FR 58454 58460 Review of Vertebrate Wildlife for Listing as End. or Thr. Species
2012-03-21 00:00:00.0 77 FR 16512 16514 Designation of Critical Habitat for the Southern Selkirk Mountains Population of Woodland Caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou):Proposed rule; reopening of comment period and announcement of public hearing.
2016-04-19 00:00:00.0 81 FR 22961 22963 Proposed Rule To Amend the Listing of the Southern Selkirk Mountains Population of Woodland Caribou
2012-12-19 00:00:00.0 77 FR 75091 75093 90-Day Finding on a Petition To Delist the Southern Selkirk Mountains Population of Woodland Caribou: Notice of 90-day petition finding and initiation of status review.
1992-08-19 00:00:00.0 57 FR 37515 Public Meeting and Extending the Public Comment Period on Selkirk Mountains Woodland Caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou) Revised Recovery Plan; 57 FR 37515
2012-05-31 00:00:00.0 77 FR 32075 32080 Designation of Critical Habitat for the Southern Selkirk Mountains Population of Woodland Caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou): Proposed rule; availability of supplementary documents and announcement of public hearing.
1983-10-25 00:00:00.0 48 FR 49245 49249 Determination of End. Status for Population of Woodland Caribou Found in WA, ID, & So. British Columbia; 48 FR 49245-49249
2000-11-01 00:00:00.0 65 FR 65287 65288 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; 90-Day Finding for a Petition To Delist the Woodland Caribou
1984-02-29 00:00:00.0 49 FR 7390 7394 Determination of End. Status for Population of Woodland Caribou found in WA, ID, & So. British Columbia; 49 FR 7390-7394

» Recovery

Current Recovery Plan(s)
Date Title Plan Action Status Plan Status
1994-03-04 Recovery Plan for Selkirk Mountain Woodland Caribou View Implementation Progress Final Revision 1
Other Recovery Documents
Date Citation Page Title Document Type
2012-05-31 77 FR 32075 32080 Designation of Critical Habitat for the Southern Selkirk Mountains Population of Woodland Caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou): Proposed rule; availability of supplementary documents and announcement of public hearing.
  • Notice Doc. Availability
  • Notice Public Hearing
Five Year Review
Date Title
2008-12-05 Southern Selkirk Mountain Caribou 2008 Five-Year Review

» Critical Habitat

Date Citation Page Title Document Type Status
2012-11-28 77 FR 71041 71082 Designation of Critical Habitat for the Southern Selkirk Mountains Population of Woodland Caribou: Final rule. Final Rule Final designated
2011-11-30 76 FR 74018 74038 Designation of Critical Habitat for the Southern Selkirk Mountains Population of Woodland Caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou):Proposed rule. Proposed Rule Not Required

To learn more about critical habitat please see http://ecos.fws.gov/crithab

» Conservation Plans

No conservation plans have been created for Woodland caribou.

» Petitions

» Life History

No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.

» Other Resources

NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.