Alabama Beach mouse (Peromyscus polionotus ammobates)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:   

Where Listed: WHEREVER FOUND

General Information

Adult Alabama beach mice are brown above, sometimes with darker stripe down back; white below. Tail short, dark on top. Juvenile and subabult Alabama beach mice may be gray above; white below but transition to brown when approaching adult status.

  • States/US Territories in which the Alabama Beach mouse, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur:  Alabama
  • US Counties in which the Alabama Beach mouse, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
  • USFWS Refuges in which the Alabama Beach mouse, Wherever found is known to occur:  Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge
  • Additional species information
 
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
06/06/1985 Southeast Region (Region 4) Wherever found

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents
Date Citation Page Title
11/18/1999 64 FR 63004 63005 ETWP; 90-Day Finding for a Petition To Revise Critical Habitat for Alabama Beach Mouse, Perdido Key Beach Mouse, and Choctawhatchee Beach Mouse
06/07/1984 49 FR 23794 23804 End. Status & Crit. Hab for Alabama Beach Mouse, Perdido Key Beach Mouse, & Choctawhatchee Beach Mouse; 49 FR 23794-23804
10/03/2003 68 FR 57483 57484 Notice To Announce the Revision of the Alabama Beach Mouse Recovery Plan
01/20/1984 49 FR 2485 2488 Findings on Pending Petitions & Description of Progress on Listing Actions; 49 FR 2485-2488
08/30/2016 81 FR 59650 59652 5-Year Status Reviews of 22 Southeastern Species; Notice of initiation of reviews; request for information.
06/06/1985 50 FR 23872 23889 Determination of End. Status & Crit. Hab. for 3 Beach Mice; 50 FR 23872- 23889
02/01/2006 71 FR 5516 5546 Revising Critical Habitat for the Alabama Beach Mouse; Proposed Rule
09/08/2006 71 FR 53127 53129 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; 5-Year Review of 14 Southeastern Species
02/15/1983 48 FR 6752 675 Findings on Certain Petitions and Reviews of Status for Several Species; 48 FR 6752-6753
12/30/1982 47 FR 58454 58460 Review of Vertebrate Wildlife for Listing as End. or Thr. Species
08/08/2006 71 FR 44976 44980 Revised Designation of Critical Habitat for the Endangered Alabama Beach Mouse: Revised proposed rule; reopening of comment period, notice of availability of draft economic analysis, acreage corrections, and notice of public hearing.
10/08/2002 62 FR 62809 62810 Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior;Alabama Beach Mouse: Notice of intent to prepare an environmental impact statement; announcement of scoping meeting.
09/26/2000 65 FR 57800 57802 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; 12-Month Finding for a Petition To Revise Critical Habitat for Alabama Beach Mouse, Perdido Key Beach Mouse, and Choctawhatchee Beach Mouse
01/30/2007 72 FR 4330 4369 Designation of Critical Habitat for the Alabama Beach Mouse

» Recovery

Current Recovery Plan(s)
Date Title Plan Action Status Plan Status
08/12/1987 Beach Mice (3 spp.) View Implementation Progress Final
Other Recovery Documents
Date Citation Page Title Document Type
09/08/2006 71 FR 53127 53129 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; 5-Year Review of 14 Southeastern Species
  • Notice 5-year Review, Initiation
08/30/2016 81 FR 59650 59652 5-Year Status Reviews of 22 Southeastern Species; Notice of initiation of reviews; request for information.
  • Notice 5-year Review, Initiation
Five Year Review
Date Title
11/23/2009 Alabama beach mouse completed 5-yr review

» Critical Habitat

Date Citation Page Title Document Type Status
01/30/2007 72 FR 4330 4369 Designation of Critical Habitat for the Alabama Beach Mouse Final Rule Final designated
02/01/2006 71 FR 5516 5546 Revising Critical Habitat for the Alabama Beach Mouse; Proposed Rule Proposed Rule Not Required
06/06/1985 50 FR 23872 23889 Determination of End. Status & Crit. Hab. for 3 Beach Mice; 50 FR 23872- 23889 Final Rule Not Required
06/07/1984 49 FR 23794 23804 End. Status & Crit. Hab for Alabama Beach Mouse, Perdido Key Beach Mouse, & Choctawhatchee Beach Mouse; 49 FR 23794-23804 Proposed Rule Not Required

To learn more about critical habitat please see http://ecos.fws.gov/crithab

» Conservation Plans

Habitat Conservation Plans (HCP) (learn more)
HCP Plan Summaries
Abraham, Wadie (ABM)
Adams, Bradley (ABM)
Adams, Clinton (ABM Batch 5)
Alabama South Pools and Spas (Kennedy) (ABM Batch 3)
Bankester, Debbie (ABM Batch 3)
Barron Investments, Lot 58 (ABM Batch 3)
Barron Investments, Lot59 (ABM Batch 3)
Barron Investments, Lot 60 (ABM Batch 3)
Bartee, Terry (ABM)
Bateman, Horton (ABM Batch 3) Res. Expansion
Beach Club (Head Properties)(Ft. Morgan Paradise Joint Venture))
Beach Club West (Fort Morgan Paradise Joint Venture)
Bertrand, Sarah (ABM)
Billiet (ABM Single Family)
BIOA, LLC, Lot 10(ABM Batch 3)
BIOA, LLC Lot 9 (ABM Batch 3)
Bolster, Edith (ABM)
Bordenkircher, Greg (ABM)
Boykin Properties (ABM Batch 5)
Brett Real Estate/Phoenix VI & VII
Bridges, Frances (ABM Batch 5)
Bullock, Billy
Byrd, Jerilyn, ABM
Calhoun, Doug (ABM)
CCM Properties, LLC (ABM)
Celeslie, Chris (ABM Batch 3)
Clark, Claud (ABM Batch 3)
Collins-Miller (Bay to Breakers)
Cooper, Walter (ABM)
Cox, Thomas (ABM)
Crews, Greg (ABM)
Crick, Robin (ABM Batch 3)
Cromer, George (ABM)
Crossley Family Limited Partnership (ABM Batch 5)
Crum, Blaine & Linda (ABM)
Dalgo, Lawrence Lot 76 (ABM Batch 3)
Dalgo, Lawrence, Lot 77 (ABM Batch 3)
Daniels, Erik (ABM Batch 3)
D&E Investments, Ltd. (Kiva Dunes)
Denholm, William, ABM
Dinges, Ellen, ABM
Dixon, Donald (ABM Batch 5)
Dunes of GP, LLC. (Formerly part of Sage)
Edgemon, Jim (ABM)
Eick-Benson, Laureen (ABM Batch 5)
Erwin, William (ABM Batch 3)
Farr, Robert
Fisher, Robert , #2 (ABM Batch 5)
Fisher, Robert (ABM Batch 5)
FML81A, LLC (Greg Miller)
FML81,LLC (Greg MIller)
Fort Morgan Paradise Joint Venture
Freeman, Mark (ABM Batch 3)
Greene, Jody Lee (ABM)
Gulas, John, ABM
Gulf Highlands Condominiums (Gulf Highlands, LLC)
Gulf Highlands LLC
Gulf State Park, Hotel and Convention Center
Gulf State Park, Mod. for Parking Lot Reconfiguration
Halliday, Michael, Lot 69, (ABM Batch 3)
Halliday, Michael, Lot 70 (ABM Batch 3)
Hand, Perry (ABM)
Hand, Perry (ABM), Amend 1, Lot Number
Harris, Becky #2 (ABM Batch 5)
Harris, Becky (ABM Batch 5)
Harrison Building & Inv., Dawson Prop. ABM
Harrison Building & Inv- Jim Young (ABM)
Harrison Building & Inv- Yates (ABM)
Harrison/Little (ABM Batch 3)
Harris, Spencer #2 (ABM Batch 5)
Harris, Spencer (ABM Batch 5)
Hastings, Leo (ABM)
Hastings, Leo Lot 1 (ABM Batch 3)
Howell, Robert (ABM)
Hutchens, Zachary (ABM Batch 5)
Jones, Ronald, Single Family App, Al beach mouse
Jordan, Virginia (ABM)
Kastner, James (ABM Batch 5)
Kenney, William (ABM Batch 5)
Kiely, Timothy (ABM Batch 5)
Laguna Key (Sea Mist, Inc)
Lane, Kerwin (ABM)
Lindsey, Walt (ABM Batch 3)
Lingsch, William (ABM Batch 3)
Link, Mark (ABM Batch 5)
Litton, Brian (ABM Batch 3)
LK & K (Larry Powell) Lot 10 Privateer Point (ABM Batch 3)
LK & K (Larry Powell) Lot 6, (ABM Batch 3)
Llop, Michael (ABMBatch 3)
Lucas, Aubrey Bell (ABM Batch 5
Lucas, Aubrey Bell (ABM Batch 5)
Lucas, Katie (ABM)
Luce, Gregory
Mangold, Linda (ABM)
Marcotte, Andrew (ABM Batch 5)
Martens & Loague (ABM)
Martinique (Aronov Realty and Management)
Marty, Richard, Single Family, Al.Beach Mouse
Mason, Danny (ABM Batch 3)
McRill, Lannie (ABM Batch 3)
Michalski (landowner)
Minick, Charles (ABM Batch 5)
Molleston, Michael (ABM Batch 3)
Moore, Johnny C (ABM Batch 3)
Muller, James (ABM-vice Smith)
Nasello, Gerald & Mary, ABM
Nasello, Gerald & Mary, ABM, Lot Number Change
Nayden, G/Gulfwind (ABM)
Nayden, Greg/Surfside (ABM)
Nayden, Greg/Veterans (ABM)
Newton, David (ABM Batch 5)
Pate, Robert (ABM)
Petrig, Christina #2 (ABM Batch 5)
Petrig, Christina #3 (ABM Batch 5)
Petrig, Christina #4 (ABM Batch 5)
Petrig, Christina #5 (ABM Batch 5)
Petrig, Christina (ABM Batch 5)
Phoenix VIII/Brett Real Estate
Phoenix VIII/Brett Real Estate, Amendment 1
Pickereing, Margaret (ABM Batch 3)
Plantation Palms
Prescott, Robert (ABM Batch 5)
Quinn, Steven, Lot 28C, ABM
Quinn, Steven, Lot 38B, ABM
Rains, Sheila
Randolph, James, ABM
Relinskin, Robert,(Seglio) Lot 40, ABM Batch 3
Relinski, Robert (Borel) Lot 9 (ABM Batch 3)
Relinski, Robert, Lot 44B(ABM)
Roberds, George
Robson, Ralph
Ryder, Jeffery (ABM)
Sage Development
Sage Development Amendment #1
Sciortino, Michael, 4546 Hwy 180(ABM)
Sciortino, Michael, Lot 2-Cabana(ABM Batch 3)
Sciortino, Mike, Lot 3, 8764 Pompano Way (ABM)
Silvas, Jose, ABM
Simmons, Preston (ABM Batch 3)
Sims, Claude (ABM Batch 3)
Sizemore, Daniel (ABM)
Smartt, Phil, Single Family Res. (ABM)
Smith, Delmar (ABM)
Smith, William (ABM Batch 3)
Southbrook Gulf Shores, Lot 56 (ABM Batch 3)
Southbrook Gulf Shores, Lot 57 (ABM Batch 3)
Spivey, Ronnie (ABM Batch 3)
Starrett, Stuart (ABM Batch 5)
Stephenson, James (ABM)
Stoddard, Mike ,Lot 121 (ABM Batch 3)
Stoddard, Mike, Lot 156, ABM Batch 3
Stoddard, Mike, Lot 157, ABM Batch 3
Striplin, Ken, Lot 40A, ABM
Striplin, Ken, Lot 40, ABM
Striplin, Ken, Lot 41A, ABM
Striplin, Ken, Lot 41, ABM
Striplin, Ken, Lot 42, ABM
Striplin, Ken, Lot 52, ABM
Striplin, Ken, Lot 53, ABM
Striplin, Ken, Lot 54, ABM
Striplin, Ken, Lot 55, ABM
Striplin, Ken, Lot 56, ABM
Strong, Larkin (ABM Batch 3)
Suggs, Raymond & Dale(Hancock, John) ABM
Susko, Robert (ABM Batch 3)
Tidewater Association L.L.C.
Tom Martin Homebuilders - Campans (ABM Batch 5)
Turpin, Harry (ABM Batch 5)
Waddell, Raymond
Wales, John (ABM Batch 3)
Wallis, Kenneth (ABM Batch 3)
Wilcox, Suzanne (ABM Batch 5)
Williamson, Richard Bradley, ABM
Yates, William (ABM)
Yokley, Robert (ABM)
Young, Jim, Single Family App, ABM
Zak, Debra (ABM)

» Petitions

» Life History

Habitat Requirements

Coastal dune ecosystem of Alabama.

Food Habits

Alabama beach mice diets consist of almost any native dune plant seeds or fruits such as sea oats, sea rocket, beach pea, bluestem grass, acorns from oak trees and insects.

Reproductive Strategy

Alabama beach mice are monogamous (mate for life), live 5 - 9 months, can reproduce throughout the year in good habitat (fall and spring season are peak reproducing times though), and the parents spend equal time caring for the young.

Other

Alabama beach mice are noctural, semi-fossorial rodents. They build complex burrows in the coastal dune ecosystem of Alabama. Each burrow consist of an entrance tunnel, a nest chamber, and an escape tunnel. A burrow can be built in one day or over several days. The nest chamber is located approximately three feet below ground level.

» Other Resources

NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.