Preble's meadow jumping mouse (Zapus hudsonius preblei)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:   

Where Listed: WHEREVER FOUND

General Information

The Preble's meadow jumping mouse (Preble's or PMJM) is a small mammal approximately 9 inches in length with large hind feet adapted for jumping, a long bicolored tail (which accounts for 60% of its length), and a distinct dark stripe down the middle of its back which is bordered on either side by gray to orange-brown fur. To evade predators, the mouse can jump up to three feet.

  • States/US Territories in which the Preble's meadow jumping mouse, wherever found is known to or is believed to occur:  Colorado , Wyoming
  • US Counties in which the Preble's meadow jumping mouse, wherever found is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
  • USFWS Refuges in which the Preble's meadow jumping mouse, wherever found is known to occur:  Rocky Flats National Wildlife Refuge
  • Additional species information
 
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
1998-05-13 Mountain-Prairie Region (Region 6) wherever found

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents
Date Citation Page Title
2006-03-30 00:00:00.0 71 FR 16090 16091 Notice of Availability of Genetics Data and Extension of Comment Period for the Proposed Delisting of the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse (Zapus hudsonius preblei)
2003-06-23 00:00:00.0 68 FR 37276 37332 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Designation of Critical Habitat for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse (Zapus hudsonius preblei); Final Rule
1997-12-23 00:00:00.0 62 FR 67041 ETWP; Reopening of Comment Period on Proposed Endangered Status for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
1997-03-25 00:00:00.0 62 FR 14093 14101 ETWP; Proposal To List the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse as a Endangered Species
1989-01-06 00:00:00.0 54 FR 554 579 ETWP; Animal Notice of Review; 54 FR 554 579
2004-02-24 00:00:00.0 69 FR 8359 8364 Extension of Amended Special Regulations for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
2003-01-28 00:00:00.0 68 FR 4160 4161 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Proposed Designation of Critical Habitat for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
2002-10-01 00:00:00.0 67 FR 61532 61537 Amended Special Regulation for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
2001-05-22 00:00:00.0 66 FR 28125 28131 ETWP; Final Special Regulations for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
2011-08-05 00:00:00.0 76 FR 47490 47491 Reinstatement of Listing Protections for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
2003-12-18 00:00:00.0 68 FR 70523 70526 90-Day Finding for a Petition to Delist the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse in Colorado and Wyoming
2002-11-21 00:00:00.0 67 FR 70202 70203 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants;Designation of Critical Habitat for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse (Zapus hudsonius preblei); Reopening of Comment Period and Announcement of Public Hearings
2001-08-30 00:00:00.0 50 FR 45829 45833 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Proposed Special Regulations for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
2000-06-23 00:00:00.0 65 FR 39117 39119 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Proposed Special Regulations for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse; Availability for Comment of the Draft Record of Compliance and Reopening of Comment Period
1985-09-18 00:00:00.0 50 FR 37958 37967 Review of Vertebrate Wildlife; Notice of Review; 50 FR 37958-37967
2004-03-31 00:00:00.0 69 FR 16944 16946 90-Day Finding for a Petition to Delist the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse in Colorado and Wyoming and Initiation of a 5-Year Review
2009-10-08 00:00:00.0 74 FR 52066 52107 Revised Critical Habitat for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse (Zapus hudsonius preblei) in Colorado: Proposed rule.
2004-01-13 00:00:00.0 69 FR 1998 1999 Draft Environmental Assessment and Habitat Conservation Plan and Receipt of Application for an Incidental Take Permit for Livermore Area in Larimer County, CO
2002-11-22 00:00:00.0 67 FR 70453 70454 Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Assessment and Receipt of an Application for an Incidental Take Permit for the Briargate Development, El Paso County, CO: Notice of availability and receipt of application.
1998-12-03 00:00:00.0 63 FR 66777 66784 ETWP; Proposed Special Regulations for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
2007-11-07 00:00:00.0 72 FR 62992 63024 Revised Proposed Rule To Amend the Listing for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse (Zapus hudsonius preblei) To Specify Over What Portion of Its Range the Subspecies Is Threatened
2010-12-15 00:00:00.0 75 FR 78430 78483 Revised Critical Habitat for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse in Colorado; Final Rule
2003-02-10 00:00:00.0 68 FR 6756 6757 Notice of Availability of a Draft Habitat Conservation Plan and Receipt of an Application for an Incidental Take Permit for the City and County of Denver's Board of Water Commissioners, Denver, CO
2004-08-30 00:00:00.0 69 FR 52912 52912 Issuance of permit for incidental take of threatened species at Eagle's Nest Open Space, Larimer County, Colorado
2005-02-02 00:00:00.0 70 FR 5404 5411 12-Month Finding on a Petition To Delist the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse (Zapus hudsonius preblei) and Proposed Delisting of the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
1997-05-05 00:00:00.0 62 FR 24387 24388 ETWP; Extension of Comment Period and Notice of Public Hearings on Proposed Endangered Status for the Prebles's Meadow Jumping Mouse (Zapus Hudsonius Preblei)
2016-04-11 00:00:00.0 81 FR 21374 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Draft Recovery Plan for Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse Notice of document availability for review and comment.
2004-02-27 00:00:00.0 69 FR 9366 9366 Draft Environmental Assessment/Habitat Conservation Plan and Receipt of an Application for an Incidental Take Permit for the Eagle's Nest Open Space, Larimer County, CO
1997-09-19 00:00:00.0 62 FR 49398 49397 Review of Plant and Animal Taxa
1994-11-15 00:00:00.0 59 FR 58982 59028 ETWP; Animal Candidate Review for Listing as Endangered or Threatened Species.
2005-07-22 00:00:00.0 70 FR 42361 Issuance of Permit for Incidental Take of Threatened Species for the Monument Creek Interceptor Tie-In Project Along Jackson Creek, El Paso County, CO
1998-05-13 00:00:00.0 63 FR 26517 26530 ETWP; Final Rule to List the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse as a Threatened Species
2013-05-24 00:00:00.0 78 FR 31679 31712 12-Month Finding on Two Petitions To Delist the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
2001-08-30 00:00:00.0 66 FR 45829 45833 ETWP; Proposed Special Regulations for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
2004-03-23 00:00:00.0 69 FR 13504 13505 Extension of Amended Special Regulations for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
1991-11-21 00:00:00.0 56 FR 58804 58836 ETWP; Animal Candidate Review for Listing as Endangered or Threatened Species; 56 FR 58804 58836
2014-04-07 00:00:00.0 79 FR 19118 19120 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Incidental Take Permit Application; Proposed Low-Effect Habitat Conservation Plan for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse at the Kettle Creek Ranch in El Paso County, Colorado
2006-02-17 00:00:00.0 71 FR 8556 8557 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Notice of Six-Month Extension and Reopening of Comment Period for the Proposed Delisting of the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse (Zapus hudsonius preblei):Proposed Rule; reopening of comment period.
2008-07-10 00:00:00.0 73 FR 39790 39838 Final Rule To Amend the Listing for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse (Zapus hudsonius preblei) To Specify Over What Portion of Its Range the Subspecies Is Threatened; Final Rule
2002-07-17 00:00:00.0 67 FR 47154 47210 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Designation of Critical Habitat for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse (Zapus hudsonius preblei)
2012-11-26 00:00:00.0 77 FR 70410 70411 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of Status Review and 5-Year Review of the Prebleís Meadow Jumping Mouse
2004-05-20 00:00:00.0 69 FR 29101 29105 Extension of Amended Special Regulations for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
1995-03-15 00:00:00.0 60 FR 13950 13952 ETWP; 90-Day Finding for a Petition to List the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse as Threatened or Endangered
Special Rule Publications
Date Citation Page Title
2001-08-30 00:00:00.0 50 FR 45829 45833 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Proposed Special Regulations for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
2001-05-22 00:00:00.0 66 FR 28125 28131 ETWP; Final Special Regulations for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
2004-03-23 00:00:00.0 69 FR 13504 13505 Extension of Amended Special Regulations for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
2004-02-24 00:00:00.0 69 FR 8359 8364 Extension of Amended Special Regulations for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
2001-08-30 00:00:00.0 66 FR 45829 45833 ETWP; Proposed Special Regulations for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
1998-12-03 00:00:00.0 63 FR 66777 66784 ETWP; Proposed Special Regulations for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
2004-05-20 00:00:00.0 69 FR 29101 29105 Extension of Amended Special Regulations for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse

» Recovery

Current Recovery Plan(s)
Date Title Plan Action Status Plan Status
2016-04-11 Draft Recovery Plan for Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse (Zapus hudsonius preblei) Recovery efforts in progress, but no implementation information yet to display Draft
Other Recovery Documents
Date Citation Page Title Document Type
2000-06-23 65 FR 39117 39119 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Proposed Special Regulations for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse; Availability for Comment of the Draft Record of Compliance and Reopening of Comment Period
  • Notice Doc. Availability
  • Notice Reopen Comment
2016-04-11 81 FR 21374 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Draft Recovery Plan for Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse Notice of document availability for review and comment.
  • Notice Draft Recovery Plan Availability
2004-03-31 69 FR 16944 16946 90-Day Finding for a Petition to Delist the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse in Colorado and Wyoming and Initiation of a 5-Year Review
  • Notice 5-year Review
  • Notice 90-day Petition Finding, Substantial
Five Year Review
Date Title
2014-05-08 Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse 5-Year Review

» Critical Habitat

Date Citation Page Title Document Type Status
2010-12-15 75 FR 78430 78483 Revised Critical Habitat for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse in Colorado; Final Rule Final Rule Final designated
2009-10-08 74 FR 52066 52107 Revised Critical Habitat for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse (Zapus hudsonius preblei) in Colorado: Proposed rule. Proposed Rule Not Required
2003-06-23 68 FR 37276 37332 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Designation of Critical Habitat for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse (Zapus hudsonius preblei); Final Rule Final Rule Not Required
2002-07-17 67 FR 47154 47210 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Designation of Critical Habitat for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse (Zapus hudsonius preblei) Proposed Rule Not Required

To learn more about critical habitat please see http://ecos.fws.gov/crithab

» Conservation Plans

Habitat Conservation Plans (HCP) (learn more)
HCP Plan Summaries
Bellvue WTP Ponds Toe Drains
Briargate/La Plata
Continental Homes (Pinery Glen)
Dahle
Denver Water Board
Douglas County
Eagle's Nest Open Space
Elizabeth Cross Roads Property HCP
Harding Property
Hier and Gannon
Lefever
Leonard Property
Lincoln Meadows
Livermore Area
Mayhoffer Trail
Maytag Trail
Monument Creek Interceptor Tie-In
Struther's Ranch
Struthers Ranch Major Amendment
The Meadows

» Petitions

» Life History

Habitat Requirements

Prebleís meadow jumping mouse inhabits well developed riparian habitat with adjacent, relatively undisturbed grassland communities, and a nearby water source. Well developed riparian habitat includes a dense combination of grasses, forbs and shrubs; a taller shrub and tree canopy may be present. PMJM has been found to regularly use uplands at least as far out as 100 meters beyond the 100-year flood plain. The PMJM constructs day nests composed of grasses, forbs, sedges, rushes, and other available plant material. They may be globular in shape or simply raised mats of litter and are most commonly above ground but also can be below ground. Nests are typically found under debris at the base of shrubs and trees or in open grasslands. An individual mouse can have multiple day nests in both riparian and grassland communities and may abandon a nest after approximately a week of use. Hibernation nests occur underground both within and outside of the 100-year floodplain. Hibernacula have been located under willow, chokecherry, snowberry, skunkbrush, sumac, clematis, cottonwoods, Gambelís oak, thistle, and alyssum. PMJM typically enter hibernation nests between September and October and emerge the following May. The PMJM does not store food, but survives on fat stores accumulated prior to hibernation.

Food Habits

While fecal analyses have provided the best data on PMJM diet to date, they overestimate the components of the diet that are less digestible. These analyses indicate that the diet of the Prebleís jumping mouse shifts seasonally; it consists primarily of insects and fungi after emerging from hibernation in May, shifts to fungi, moss, and pollen during mid-summer (July and August), with insects again added in September. The shift in diet along with shifts in mouse movements suggests that the PMJM may require specific seasonal diets, perhaps related to the physiological constraints imposed by hibernation. It is likely that seeds also compose a significant part of the diet and PMJM have been observed climbing grass stalks to forage on the seed heads.

Movement / Home Range

Dispersal by Prebleís meadow jumping mouse is thought to be limited; the farthest movement by an individual that has been documented was 0.7 miles within a 24-hour period. However, the PMJM is able to move miles along stream corridors over its lifetime.

Reproductive Strategy

The Preble's meadow jumping mouse usually has two litters per year, with an average of five young born per litter. Prebleís are long-lived for a small mammal, in comparison with many species of mice and voles that seldom live a full year. Along South Boulder Creek, Boulder County, Colorado, seven individuals originally captured as adults were still alive two years later, having attained at least three years of age.

Other

Habitat loss, alteration, degradation, and fragmentation resulting from urban development, flood control, water development and other human land uses, especially in riparian habitat, have adversely impacted PMJM populations.

» Other Resources

NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.