Preble's meadow jumping mouse (Zapus hudsonius preblei)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:   

Where Listed: WHEREVER FOUND

General Information

The Preble's meadow jumping mouse (Preble's or PMJM) is a small mammal approximately 9 inches in length with large hind feet adapted for jumping, a long bicolored tail (which accounts for 60% of its length), and a distinct dark stripe down the middle of its back which is bordered on either side by gray to orange-brown fur. To evade predators, the mouse can jump up to three feet.

  • States/US Territories in which the Preble's meadow jumping mouse, wherever found is known to or is believed to occur:  Colorado , Wyoming
  • US Counties in which the Preble's meadow jumping mouse, wherever found is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
  • USFWS Refuges in which the Preble's meadow jumping mouse, wherever found is known to occur:  Rocky Flats National Wildlife Refuge
  • Additional species information
 
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
05/13/1998 Mountain-Prairie Region (Region 6) wherever found

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents
Date Citation Page Title
08/05/2011 76 FR 47490 47491 Reinstatement of Listing Protections for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
02/02/2005 70 FR 5404 5411 12-Month Finding on a Petition To Delist the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse (Zapus hudsonius preblei) and Proposed Delisting of the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
05/20/2004 69 FR 29101 29105 Extension of Amended Special Regulations for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
03/15/1995 60 FR 13950 13952 ETWP; 90-Day Finding for a Petition to List the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse as Threatened or Endangered
11/21/1991 56 FR 58804 58836 ETWP; Animal Candidate Review for Listing as Endangered or Threatened Species; 56 FR 58804 58836
10/08/2009 74 FR 52066 52107 Revised Critical Habitat for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse (Zapus hudsonius preblei) in Colorado: Proposed rule.
05/24/2013 78 FR 31679 31712 12-Month Finding on Two Petitions To Delist the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
07/22/2005 70 FR 42361 Issuance of Permit for Incidental Take of Threatened Species for the Monument Creek Interceptor Tie-In Project Along Jackson Creek, El Paso County, CO
12/03/1998 63 FR 66777 66784 ETWP; Proposed Special Regulations for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
02/10/2003 68 FR 6756 6757 Notice of Availability of a Draft Habitat Conservation Plan and Receipt of an Application for an Incidental Take Permit for the City and County of Denver's Board of Water Commissioners, Denver, CO
06/23/2000 65 FR 39117 39119 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Proposed Special Regulations for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse; Availability for Comment of the Draft Record of Compliance and Reopening of Comment Period
09/18/1985 50 FR 37958 37967 Review of Vertebrate Wildlife; Notice of Review; 50 FR 37958-37967
07/10/2008 73 FR 39790 39838 Final Rule To Amend the Listing for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse (Zapus hudsonius preblei) To Specify Over What Portion of Its Range the Subspecies Is Threatened; Final Rule
05/13/1998 63 FR 26517 26530 ETWP; Final Rule to List the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse as a Threatened Species
09/19/1997 62 FR 49398 49397 Review of Plant and Animal Taxa
03/30/2006 71 FR 16090 16091 Notice of Availability of Genetics Data and Extension of Comment Period for the Proposed Delisting of the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse (Zapus hudsonius preblei)
08/30/2001 66 FR 45829 45833 ETWP; Proposed Special Regulations for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
04/07/2014 79 FR 19118 19120 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Incidental Take Permit Application; Proposed Low-Effect Habitat Conservation Plan for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse at the Kettle Creek Ranch in El Paso County, Colorado
11/15/1994 59 FR 58982 59028 ETWP; Animal Candidate Review for Listing as Endangered or Threatened Species.
11/22/2002 67 FR 70453 70454 Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Assessment and Receipt of an Application for an Incidental Take Permit for the Briargate Development, El Paso County, CO: Notice of availability and receipt of application.
04/11/2016 81 FR 21374 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Draft Recovery Plan for Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse Notice of document availability for review and comment.
03/23/2004 69 FR 13504 13505 Extension of Amended Special Regulations for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
11/26/2012 77 FR 70410 70411 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of Status Review and 5-Year Review of the Preble’s Meadow Jumping Mouse
06/23/2003 68 FR 37276 37332 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Designation of Critical Habitat for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse (Zapus hudsonius preblei); Final Rule
01/06/1989 54 FR 554 579 ETWP; Animal Notice of Review; 54 FR 554 579
01/13/2004 69 FR 1998 1999 Draft Environmental Assessment and Habitat Conservation Plan and Receipt of Application for an Incidental Take Permit for Livermore Area in Larimer County, CO
03/25/1997 62 FR 14093 14101 ETWP; Proposal To List the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse as a Endangered Species
07/17/2002 67 FR 47154 47210 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Designation of Critical Habitat for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse (Zapus hudsonius preblei)
08/30/2004 69 FR 52912 52912 Issuance of permit for incidental take of threatened species at Eagle's Nest Open Space, Larimer County, Colorado
02/17/2006 71 FR 8556 8557 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Notice of Six-Month Extension and Reopening of Comment Period for the Proposed Delisting of the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse (Zapus hudsonius preblei):Proposed Rule; reopening of comment period.
03/31/2004 69 FR 16944 16946 90-Day Finding for a Petition to Delist the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse in Colorado and Wyoming and Initiation of a 5-Year Review
08/30/2001 50 FR 45829 45833 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Proposed Special Regulations for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
02/27/2004 69 FR 9366 9366 Draft Environmental Assessment/Habitat Conservation Plan and Receipt of an Application for an Incidental Take Permit for the Eagle's Nest Open Space, Larimer County, CO
01/28/2003 68 FR 4160 4161 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Proposed Designation of Critical Habitat for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
05/05/1997 62 FR 24387 24388 ETWP; Extension of Comment Period and Notice of Public Hearings on Proposed Endangered Status for the Prebles's Meadow Jumping Mouse (Zapus Hudsonius Preblei)
02/24/2004 69 FR 8359 8364 Extension of Amended Special Regulations for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
05/22/2001 66 FR 28125 28131 ETWP; Final Special Regulations for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
11/07/2007 72 FR 62992 63024 Revised Proposed Rule To Amend the Listing for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse (Zapus hudsonius preblei) To Specify Over What Portion of Its Range the Subspecies Is Threatened
12/18/2003 68 FR 70523 70526 90-Day Finding for a Petition to Delist the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse in Colorado and Wyoming
12/23/1997 62 FR 67041 ETWP; Reopening of Comment Period on Proposed Endangered Status for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
12/15/2010 75 FR 78430 78483 Revised Critical Habitat for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse in Colorado; Final Rule
11/21/2002 67 FR 70202 70203 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants;Designation of Critical Habitat for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse (Zapus hudsonius preblei); Reopening of Comment Period and Announcement of Public Hearings
10/01/2002 67 FR 61532 61537 Amended Special Regulation for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
Special Rule Publications
Date Citation Page Title
05/22/2001 66 FR 28125 28131 ETWP; Final Special Regulations for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
12/03/1998 63 FR 66777 66784 ETWP; Proposed Special Regulations for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
05/20/2004 69 FR 29101 29105 Extension of Amended Special Regulations for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
02/24/2004 69 FR 8359 8364 Extension of Amended Special Regulations for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
03/23/2004 69 FR 13504 13505 Extension of Amended Special Regulations for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
08/30/2001 66 FR 45829 45833 ETWP; Proposed Special Regulations for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse
08/30/2001 50 FR 45829 45833 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Proposed Special Regulations for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse

» Recovery

Current Recovery Plan(s)
Date Title Plan Action Status Plan Status
04/11/2016 Draft Recovery Plan for Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse (Zapus hudsonius preblei) Recovery efforts in progress, but no implementation information yet to display Draft
Other Recovery Documents
Date Citation Page Title Document Type
06/23/2000 65 FR 39117 39119 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Proposed Special Regulations for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse; Availability for Comment of the Draft Record of Compliance and Reopening of Comment Period
  • Notice Doc. Availability
  • Notice Reopen Comment
04/11/2016 81 FR 21374 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Draft Recovery Plan for Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse Notice of document availability for review and comment.
  • Notice Draft Recovery Plan Availability
03/31/2004 69 FR 16944 16946 90-Day Finding for a Petition to Delist the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse in Colorado and Wyoming and Initiation of a 5-Year Review
  • Notice 5-year Review
  • Notice 90-day Petition Finding, Substantial
Five Year Review
Date Title
05/08/2014 Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse 5-Year Review

» Critical Habitat

Date Citation Page Title Document Type Status
12/15/2010 75 FR 78430 78483 Revised Critical Habitat for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse in Colorado; Final Rule Final Rule Final designated
10/08/2009 74 FR 52066 52107 Revised Critical Habitat for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse (Zapus hudsonius preblei) in Colorado: Proposed rule. Proposed Rule Not Required
06/23/2003 68 FR 37276 37332 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Designation of Critical Habitat for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse (Zapus hudsonius preblei); Final Rule Final Rule Not Required
07/17/2002 67 FR 47154 47210 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Designation of Critical Habitat for the Preble's Meadow Jumping Mouse (Zapus hudsonius preblei) Proposed Rule Not Required

To learn more about critical habitat please see http://ecos.fws.gov/crithab

» Conservation Plans

Habitat Conservation Plans (HCP) (learn more)
HCP Plan Summaries
Bellvue WTP Ponds Toe Drains
Briargate/La Plata
Continental Homes (Pinery Glen)
Dahle
Denver Water Board
Douglas County
Eagle's Nest Open Space
Elizabeth Cross Roads Property HCP
Harding Property
Hier and Gannon
Lefever
Leonard Property
Lincoln Meadows
Livermore Area
Mayhoffer Trail
Maytag Trail
Monument Creek Interceptor Tie-In
Struther's Ranch
Struthers Ranch Major Amendment
The Meadows

» Petitions

» Life History

Habitat Requirements

Preble’s meadow jumping mouse inhabits well developed riparian habitat with adjacent, relatively undisturbed grassland communities, and a nearby water source. Well developed riparian habitat includes a dense combination of grasses, forbs and shrubs; a taller shrub and tree canopy may be present. PMJM has been found to regularly use uplands at least as far out as 100 meters beyond the 100-year flood plain. The PMJM constructs day nests composed of grasses, forbs, sedges, rushes, and other available plant material. They may be globular in shape or simply raised mats of litter and are most commonly above ground but also can be below ground. Nests are typically found under debris at the base of shrubs and trees or in open grasslands. An individual mouse can have multiple day nests in both riparian and grassland communities and may abandon a nest after approximately a week of use. Hibernation nests occur underground both within and outside of the 100-year floodplain. Hibernacula have been located under willow, chokecherry, snowberry, skunkbrush, sumac, clematis, cottonwoods, Gambel’s oak, thistle, and alyssum. PMJM typically enter hibernation nests between September and October and emerge the following May. The PMJM does not store food, but survives on fat stores accumulated prior to hibernation.

Food Habits

While fecal analyses have provided the best data on PMJM diet to date, they overestimate the components of the diet that are less digestible. These analyses indicate that the diet of the Preble’s jumping mouse shifts seasonally; it consists primarily of insects and fungi after emerging from hibernation in May, shifts to fungi, moss, and pollen during mid-summer (July and August), with insects again added in September. The shift in diet along with shifts in mouse movements suggests that the PMJM may require specific seasonal diets, perhaps related to the physiological constraints imposed by hibernation. It is likely that seeds also compose a significant part of the diet and PMJM have been observed climbing grass stalks to forage on the seed heads.

Movement / Home Range

Dispersal by Preble’s meadow jumping mouse is thought to be limited; the farthest movement by an individual that has been documented was 0.7 miles within a 24-hour period. However, the PMJM is able to move miles along stream corridors over its lifetime.

Reproductive Strategy

The Preble's meadow jumping mouse usually has two litters per year, with an average of five young born per litter. Preble’s are long-lived for a small mammal, in comparison with many species of mice and voles that seldom live a full year. Along South Boulder Creek, Boulder County, Colorado, seven individuals originally captured as adults were still alive two years later, having attained at least three years of age.

Other

Habitat loss, alteration, degradation, and fragmentation resulting from urban development, flood control, water development and other human land uses, especially in riparian habitat, have adversely impacted PMJM populations.

» Other Resources

NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.