Guam rail (Rallus owstoni)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:    and  

General Information

The Guam Rail has a brown head, neck and eye stripe; near gray throat and upper breast; short wings that are dark with brownish spots and barred with white; lower breast, abdomen, under tail coverts, and tail are blackish with white barrings; gray bill, long legs and dark brown feet; and red iris. Females are similar but slightly smaller than male.

Population detail

The FWS is currently monitoring the following populations of the Guam rail 

  • Population location: Wherever found, except where listed as an experimental population

    Listing status:  Endangered

    • States/US Territories in which this population is known to or is believed to occur:  Guam
    • US Counties in which this population is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
  • Population location: Rota

    Listing status:  Experimental Population, Non-Essential

 
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
1984-04-11 Pacific Region (Region 1) Wherever found, except where listed as an experimental population
1989-10-30 Pacific Region (Region 1) Rota

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents
Date Citation Page Title
1982-12-30 00:00:00.0 47 FR 58454 58460 Review of Vertebrate Wildlife for Listing as End. or Thr. Species
1989-10-30 00:00:00.0 54 FR 43966 43970 ETWP; Determination of Experimental Population Status for an Introduced Population of Guam Rails on Rota in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; 54 FR 43966 43970
1989-06-19 00:00:00.0 54 FR 25744 25748 ETWP; Proposed Determination of Experimental Population Status for an Introduced Population of Guam Rails on Rota in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; 54 FR 25744 25748
1979-05-18 00:00:00.0 44 FR 29128 29130 Review of the Status of Ten Birds and Two Mammals from Guam
2008-01-10 00:00:00.0 73 FR 1893 1894 Proposed Safe Harbor Agreement for the Guam Rail on Cocos Island, Guam
2002-12-05 00:00:00.0 67 FR 72407 72408 Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants; determinations of prudency for two mammal and four bird species in Guam and the Commonwealth of the nothern Mariana Islands and designations of critical habitat for one mammal and two bird species
2007-03-08 00:00:00.0 72 FR 10547 10550 Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 71 Species in Oregon, Hawaii, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and Territory of Guam
2012-03-06 00:00:00.0 77 FR 13248 13251 5-Year Status Reviews of 46 Species in Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Nevada, Montana, Hawaii, Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands:Notice of initiation of reviews; request for information.
1979-06-13 00:00:00.0 44 FR 33915 Review of the Status of Ten Birds and Two Mammals from Guam
1984-01-20 00:00:00.0 49 FR 2485 2488 Findings on Pending Petitions & Description of Progress on Listing Actions; 49 FR 2485-2488
1983-11-29 00:00:00.0 48 FR 53729 53733 Proposed End. Status for Seven Birds & Two Mammals from Mariana Islands; 48 FR 53729-53733
1984-04-11 00:00:00.0 49 FR 14354 14356 Determination of End. Status for Guam Rail; 49 FR 14354-14356
1984-08-27 00:00:00.0 49 FR 33881 33885 Determination of End. Status for 7 Birds & 2 Bats of Guam & Northern Mariana Islands; 49 FR 33881-33885
1981-05-12 00:00:00.0 46 FR 26464 26469 ETWP; Notice of Petition Acceptance and Status Review
Special Rule Publications
Date Citation Page Title
1989-06-19 00:00:00.0 54 FR 25744 25748 ETWP; Proposed Determination of Experimental Population Status for an Introduced Population of Guam Rails on Rota in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; 54 FR 25744 25748
1989-10-30 00:00:00.0 54 FR 43966 43970 ETWP; Determination of Experimental Population Status for an Introduced Population of Guam Rails on Rota in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; 54 FR 43966 43970

» Recovery

Current Recovery Plan(s)
Date Title Plan Action Status Plan Status
1990-09-28 Native Forest Birds of Guam and Rota of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Recovery Plan View Implementation Progress Final
Other Recovery Documents
Date Citation Page Title Document Type
2007-03-08 72 FR 10547 10550 Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 71 Species in Oregon, Hawaii, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and Territory of Guam
  • Notice 5-year Review, Initiation
2002-12-05 67 FR 72407 72408 Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants; determinations of prudency for two mammal and four bird species in Guam and the Commonwealth of the nothern Mariana Islands and designations of critical habitat for one mammal and two bird species
  • Notice Doc. Availability
2012-03-06 77 FR 13248 13251 5-Year Status Reviews of 46 Species in Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Nevada, Montana, Hawaii, Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands:Notice of initiation of reviews; request for information.
  • Notice 5-year Review, Initiation
Five Year Review
Date Title
2014-08-20 Guam rail 5-year review 2014

» Critical Habitat

No critical habitat rules have been published for the Guam rail.

» Conservation Plans

No conservation plans have been created for Guam rail.

» Petitions

» Life History

No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.

» Other Resources

NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.