Least Bell's vireo (Vireo bellii pusillus)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:   

Where Listed: WHEREVER FOUND

General Information

Least Bell's vireos are small birds. They are only 11.5-12.5 centimeters long. (About 4.5 to 5.0 inches) They have short rounded wings and short, straight bills. There is a faint white eye ring. Feathers are mostly gray above and pale below. This is a common protective marking in birds. Seen from below, the bird blends into the clouds. From above, it blends into the landcover.

  • States/US Territories in which the Least Bell's vireo, Entire is known to or is believed to occur:  California
  • US Counties in which the Least Bell's vireo, Entire is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
  • USFWS Refuges in which the Least Bell's vireo, Entire is known to occur:  Merced National Wildlife Refuge, San Diego Bay National Wildlife Refuge, San Diego National Wildlife Refuge, San Joaquin River National Wildlife Refuge, San Luis National Wildlife Refuge  ... Show All Refuges
  • Countries in which the the Least Bell's vireo, Entire is known to occur:  Mexico
  • Additional species information
 
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
05/02/1986 California/Nevada Region (Region 8) Entire

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents
Date Citation Page Title
05/21/2010 75 FR 28636 28642 Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 34 Species in California and Nevada; Availability of 96 Completed 5-Year Reviews in California and Nevada
11/03/2005 70 FR 66842 66844 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Extension of Comment Period for the Valley Elderberry Longhorn Beetle, Smith's Blue Butterfly, Delhi Sands Flower Loving Fly, Morro Shoulderband Snail, Giant Garter Snake, San Francisco Garter Snake, Island Night Lizard, California Least Tern, Least Bell's Vireo, Chinese Camp Brodiaea, Mariposa Pussypaws, San Clemente Island Indian Paintbrush, Spring-Loving Centaury, Springville Clarkia, San Clemente Island Larkspur, Santa Barbara Island Dudleya, Ash Meadows Gumplant, San Clemente Island Woodland Star, San Clemente Island Lotus, San Clemente Island Bush Mallow, Amargosa Niterwort, Eureka Valley Evening Primrose, Yreka Phlox, Hartweg's Golden Sunburst, San Joaquin Adobe Sunburst, Santa Cruz Island Rock-Cress, Keck's Checker-mallow, Eureka Dune Grass, Kneeland Prairie Pennycress, Hidden Lake Bluecurls, and Red Hills Vervain 5-Year Reviews.
07/31/1986 51 FR 27429 27430 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants;Extension of Comment Period on the Proposed Critical Habitat Designation for the Endangered Least Bell's Vireo
05/02/1986 51 FR 16483 Reopening of Comment Period on Proposed Crit. Hab. Designation for End. Least Bell's Vireo; 51 FR 16483
03/14/2005 70 FR 12497 12498 Preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement for the North County Multiple Species Conservation Program, San Diego, CA
01/10/2005 70 FR 1737 1738 Notice of Intent to Scope for the Preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Issuance of an Incidental Take Permit Associated with the Agua Calliente Band of Cahuilla Indians Habitat Conservation Plan, Riverside County, CA
06/04/1985 50 FR 23459 23459 Proposed Endangered Status and Critical Habitat for the Least Bell's Vireo; Correction
08/07/1992 57 FR 34892 ETWP; Revised Proposed Determination of Critical Habitat for Least Bell's Vireo (Vireo bellii pusillus). 57 FR 34892
06/04/2004 69 FR 31632 31635 Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement/Environmental Impact Report for an Incidental Take Permit for the Multiple Habitat Consrevation Program, Carlsbad, CA
05/02/1986 51 FR 16474 16482 Determination of End. Status for Least Bell's Vireo; 51 FR 16474-16482
05/03/1985 50 FR 18968 18975 Proposed Endangered Status & Crit. Hab. for Least Bell's Vireo; 50 FR 18968-18975
05/10/1985 50 FR 19761 19763 Findings on Pending Petitions & Description of Progress on Listing Actions; 50 FR 19761-19763
09/22/1992 57 FR 43685 ETWP; Notice of Public Hearings on Revised Proposal to Designate Critical Habitat for the Least Bell's Vireo; 57 FR 43685
02/06/1980 45 FR 8031 8030 Notice of Review of the Bell's Vireo (Vireo bellii)
07/07/2005 70 FR 39327 39329 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of the Valley Elderberry Longhorn Beetle, Smith's Blue Butterfly, Delhi Sands Flower Loving Fly, Morro Shoulderband Snail, Giant Garter Snake, San Francisco Garter Snake, Island Night Lizard, California Least Tern, Least Bell's Vireo, Chinese Camp Brodiaea, Mariposa Pussypaws, San Clemente Island Indian Paintbrush, Spring-Loving Centaury, Springville Clarkia, San Clemente Island Larkspur, Santa Barbara Island Dudleya, Ash Meadows Gumplant, San Clemente Island Woodland Star, San Clemente Island Lotus, San Clemente Island Bush Mallow, Amargosa Niterwort, Eureka Valley Evening Primrose, Yreka Phlox, Hartweg's Golden Sunburst, San Joaquin Adobe Sunburst, Santa Cruz Island Rock-Cress, Keck's Checker-mallow, Eureka Dune Grass, Kneeland Prairie Pennycress, Hidden Lake Bluecurls, and Red Hills Vervain
05/06/1998 63 FR 25063 Notice of Availability of a Draft Recovery Plan for the Least Bell's vireo (Vireo bellii pusillus) for Review and Comment
01/20/1984 49 FR 2485 2488 Findings on Pending Petitions & Description of Progress on Listing Actions; 49 FR 2485-2488
02/02/1994 59 FR 4845 4867 ETWP; Designation of Critical Habitat for the Least Bell's Vireo
12/30/1982 47 FR 58454 58460 Review of Vertebrate Wildlife for Listing as End. or Thr. Species
02/14/2007 72 FR 7064 7084 Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 58 Species in California and Nevada; Availability of Completed 5-Year Reviews in California and Nevada

» Recovery

Current Recovery Plan(s)
Date Title Plan Action Status Plan Status
05/06/1998 Draft Recovery Plan for the Least Bell's Vireo View Implementation Progress Draft
Other Recovery Documents
Date Citation Page Title Document Type
05/06/1998 63 FR 25063 Notice of Availability of a Draft Recovery Plan for the Least Bell's vireo (Vireo bellii pusillus) for Review and Comment
  • Notice Draft Recovery Plan Availability
02/14/2007 72 FR 7064 7084 Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 58 Species in California and Nevada; Availability of Completed 5-Year Reviews in California and Nevada
  • Notice 5-year Review, Completion
05/21/2010 75 FR 28636 28642 Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 34 Species in California and Nevada; Availability of 96 Completed 5-Year Reviews in California and Nevada
  • Notice 5-year Review, Initiation
07/07/2005 70 FR 39327 39329 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of the Valley Elderberry Longhorn Beetle, Smith's Blue Butterfly, Delhi Sands Flower Loving Fly, Morro Shoulderband Snail, Giant Garter Snake, San Francisco Garter Snake, Island Night Lizard, California Least Tern, Least Bell's Vireo, Chinese Camp Brodiaea, Mariposa Pussypaws, San Clemente Island Indian Paintbrush, Spring-Loving Centaury, Springville Clarkia, San Clemente Island Larkspur, Santa Barbara Island Dudleya, Ash Meadows Gumplant, San Clemente Island Woodland Star, San Clemente Island Lotus, San Clemente Island Bush Mallow, Amargosa Niterwort, Eureka Valley Evening Primrose, Yreka Phlox, Hartweg's Golden Sunburst, San Joaquin Adobe Sunburst, Santa Cruz Island Rock-Cress, Keck's Checker-mallow, Eureka Dune Grass, Kneeland Prairie Pennycress, Hidden Lake Bluecurls, and Red Hills Vervain
  • Notice 5-year Review, Initiation
11/03/2005 70 FR 66842 66844 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Extension of Comment Period for the Valley Elderberry Longhorn Beetle, Smith's Blue Butterfly, Delhi Sands Flower Loving Fly, Morro Shoulderband Snail, Giant Garter Snake, San Francisco Garter Snake, Island Night Lizard, California Least Tern, Least Bell's Vireo, Chinese Camp Brodiaea, Mariposa Pussypaws, San Clemente Island Indian Paintbrush, Spring-Loving Centaury, Springville Clarkia, San Clemente Island Larkspur, Santa Barbara Island Dudleya, Ash Meadows Gumplant, San Clemente Island Woodland Star, San Clemente Island Lotus, San Clemente Island Bush Mallow, Amargosa Niterwort, Eureka Valley Evening Primrose, Yreka Phlox, Hartweg's Golden Sunburst, San Joaquin Adobe Sunburst, Santa Cruz Island Rock-Cress, Keck's Checker-mallow, Eureka Dune Grass, Kneeland Prairie Pennycress, Hidden Lake Bluecurls, and Red Hills Vervain 5-Year Reviews.
  • Notice 5-year Review
  • Notice Comment Period Extension
Five Year Review
Date Title
09/26/2006 Least Bell's Vireo 5-Year Review

» Critical Habitat

Date Citation Page Title Document Type Status
02/02/1994 59 FR 4845 4867 ETWP; Designation of Critical Habitat for the Least Bell's Vireo Final Rule Final designated
08/07/1992 57 FR 34892 ETWP; Revised Proposed Determination of Critical Habitat for Least Bell's Vireo (Vireo bellii pusillus). 57 FR 34892 Proposed Rule Not Required
06/04/1985 50 FR 23459 23459 Proposed Endangered Status and Critical Habitat for the Least Bell's Vireo; Correction Proposed Rule Not Required
05/03/1985 50 FR 18968 18975 Proposed Endangered Status & Crit. Hab. for Least Bell's Vireo; 50 FR 18968-18975 Proposed Rule Not Required

To learn more about critical habitat please see http://ecos.fws.gov/crithab

» Conservation Plans

Habitat Conservation Plans (HCP) (learn more)
HCP Plan Summaries
Coachella Valley Multi-Species HCP
Fieldstone/La Costa & City of Carlsbad
Kern Water Bank
Lake Mathews
MHCP, City of Carlsbad Habitat Management Plan
MSCP, City of Chula Vista Subarea Plan
MSCP, City of La Mesa Subarea Plan
MSCP, City of Poway Subarea Plan
MSCP, City of San Diego Subarea Plan
MSCP, County of San Diego Subarea Plan
North Peak Development Project
Orange County Central/Coastal NCCP/HCP
Orange County Southern Subregion NCCP/HCP
Rancho Bella Vista (Pacific Bay Properties)
San Diego County Water Authority Subregional NCCP/HCP
San Diego Gas & Electric
Santa Clara Valley HCP/NCCP
Western Riverside MSHCP (One permit w/ 22 permittees)
Safe Harbor Agreements (SHA): (learn more)
SHA Plan Summaries
Ojai Valley Land Conservancy
Robert Mondavi Winery

» Petitions

» Life History

No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.

» Other Resources

NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.