northern aplomado falcon (Falco femoralis septentrionalis)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:    and  

General Information

Adults characterized by rufous (rust) underparts, a gray back, a long and banded tail, and a distinctive black and white facial pattern. Aplomado falcons are smaller than peregrine falcons and larger than kestrels.

Population detail

The FWS is currently monitoring the following populations of the northern aplomado falcon 

  • Population location: Wherever found, except where listed as an experimental population

    Listing status:  Endangered

    • States/US Territories in which this population is known to or is believed to occur:  Texas
    • US Counties in which this population is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
    • USFWS Refuges in which this population is known to occur:  Aransas National Wildlife Refuge, Big Boggy National Wildlife Refuge, Laguna Atascosa National Wildlife Refuge, Lower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge, San Bernard National Wildlife Refuge
    • Countries in which the this population is known to occur:  Guatemala, Mexico
  • Population location: U.S.A (AZ, NM)

    Listing status:  Experimental Population, Non-Essential

    • States/US Territories in which this population is known to or is believed to occur:  Arizona , New Mexico
    • US Counties in which this population is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
    • USFWS Refuges in which this population is known to occur:  Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge
 
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
02/25/1986 Southwest Region (Region 2) Wherever found, except where listed as an experimental population
07/26/2006 Southwest Region (Region 2) U.S.A (AZ, NM)

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents
Date Citation Page Title
01/27/2003 68 FR 3889 3892 Notice of Scoping Meetings and Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment for the Proposed Designation of an Experimental Population of Northern Aplomado Falcon
02/09/2005 70 FR 6819 6828 Establishment of a Nonessential Experimental Population of Northern Aplomado Falcons in New Mexico and Arizona and Availability of Draft Environmental Assessment
09/16/2005 70 FR 54701 54703 Proposed Establishment of a Nonessential Experimental Population of Northern Aplomado Falcons in Southern New Mexico and Arizona
02/25/1986 51 FR 6686 6690 Determination of Northern Aplomado Falcon to be End. Species; 51 FR 6686- 6690
07/26/2006 71 FR 42298 42315 Establishment of a Nonessential Experimental Population of Northern Aplomado Falcons in New Mexico and Arizona
12/30/1982 47 FR 58454 58460 Review of Vertebrate Wildlife for Listing as End. or Thr. Species
03/29/2010 75 FR 15454 15456 5-Year Status Reviews of 14 Southwestern Species
05/20/1985 50 FR 20810 20814 Proposal to Determine Northern Aplomado Falcon to be End. Species; 50 FR 20810-20814
Special Rule Publications
Date Citation Page Title
02/09/2005 70 FR 6819 6828 Establishment of a Nonessential Experimental Population of Northern Aplomado Falcons in New Mexico and Arizona and Availability of Draft Environmental Assessment

» Recovery

Current Recovery Plan(s)
Date Title Plan Action Status Plan Status
06/08/1990 Aplomado Falcon (Northern) View Implementation Progress Final
Other Recovery Documents
Date Citation Page Title Document Type
03/29/2010 75 FR 15454 15456 5-Year Status Reviews of 14 Southwestern Species
  • Notice 5-year Review, Initiation
Five Year Review
Date Title
08/26/2014 Northern Aplomado Falcon 5-Year Review

» Critical Habitat

No critical habitat rules have been published for the northern aplomado falcon.

» Conservation Plans

Habitat Conservation Plans (HCP) (learn more)
HCP Plan Summaries
Malpai Borderlands
Safe Harbor Agreements (SHA): (learn more)
SHA Plan Summaries
Aplomado Falcon 'Safe Harbor'
Coastal Prairie Coalition (GLCI) Grazing Lands Conservation Initiative

» Petitions

» Life History

Habitat Requirements

Habitat is variable throughout the species range and includes palm and oak savannahs, various desert grassland associations, and open pine woodlands. Within these variations, the essential habitat elements appear to be open terrain with scattered trees, relatively low ground cover, an abundance of insects and small to medium-sized birds, and a supply of nest sites.

Food Habits

Northern aplomado falcons feed on a variety of prey, including birds, insects, rodents, small snakes, and lizards.

Movement / Home Range

The species appears to be non-migratory throughout its range.

Reproductive Strategy

The species nests in abandoned stick platforms of corvids and other raptors. The average clutch size is 3 eggs. Radio-tagged fledglings in south Texas suggest that most pairs use the vicinity of previous season's nesting platform as a hunting, roosting, and display area throughout the year.

Other

Disturbance at nest sites and destruction of habitat are threats to the species.

» Other Resources

NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.