Least tern (Sterna antillarum)
Least terns are the smallest member of the gull and tern family. They are approximately 9" in length. Unlike gulls, terns will dive into the water for small fish. The body of least terns is predominately gray and white, with black streaking on the head. Least terns have a forked tail and narrow pointed wings. Least terns less than a year old have less distinctive black streaking on the head and less of a forked tail.
- States/US Territories in which the Least tern, interior pop. is known to or is believed to occur: Arkansas , Colorado , Illinois , Indiana , Iowa , Kansas , Kentucky , Louisiana , Mississippi , Missouri , Montana , Nebraska , New Mexico , North Dakota , Oklahoma , South Dakota , Tennessee , Texas
- US Counties in which the Least tern, interior pop. is known to or is believed to occur: View All
- USFWS Refuges in which the Least tern, interior pop. is known to occur:
Audubon National Wildlife Refuge, Audubon Wetland Management District, Bald Knob National Wildlife Refuge, Bitter Lake National Wildlife Refuge, Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge... Show All Refuges
- Additional species information
|Status||Date Listed||Lead Region||Where Listed|
|05/28/1985||Southeast Region (Region 4)||U.S.A. (AR, CO, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA_Miss. R. and tribs. N of Baton Rouge, MS_Miss. R., MO, MT, ND, NE, NM, OK, SD, TN, TX_except within 50 miles of coast)|
» Federal Register Documents
|05/29/1984||49 FR 22444 22447||Interior Least Tern Proposed as End.; 49 FR 22444-22447|
|01/20/1984||49 FR 2485 2488||Findings on Pending Petitions & Description of Progress on Listing Actions; 49 FR 2485-2488|
|04/22/2008||73 FR 21643 21645||Notice of initiation of review; request for information on seven listed midwestern species|
|12/30/1982||47 FR 58454 58460||Review of Vertebrate Wildlife for Listing as End. or Thr. Species|
|05/28/1985||50 FR 21784 21792||Interior Population of Least Tern to be Endangered; 50 FR 21784-21792|
|Date||Title||Plan Action Status||Plan Status|
|09/19/1990||Least Tern (Interior Pop.)||View Implementation Progress||Final|
|Date||Citation Page||Title||Document Type|
|04/22/2008||73 FR 21643 21645||Notice of initiation of review; request for information on seven listed midwestern species||
|10/24/2013||Interior Least Tern (Sternula antillarum) 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation|
» Critical Habitat
No critical habitat rules have been published for the Least tern.
» Conservation Plans
|HCP Plan Summaries|
|Duke Energy (Cinergy)|
» Life History
No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.
» Other Resources
NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.
ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.
FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.