Northern Spotted owl (Strix occidentalis caurina)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:   

Where Listed: WHEREVER FOUND

General Information

The northern spotted owl is a medium-sized, dark brown owl with a barred tail, white spots on the head and breast, and dark brown eyes surrounded by prominent facial disks. Males and females have similar plumage, but females typically weigh 10 to 20 percent more than males.

  • States/US Territories in which the Northern Spotted owl, Entire is known to or is believed to occur:  California , Oregon , Washington
  • US Counties in which the Northern Spotted owl, Entire is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
  • Countries in which the the Northern Spotted owl, Entire is known to occur:  Canada
  • Additional species information
 
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
06/26/1990 Pacific Region (Region 1) Entire

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents
Date Citation Page Title
10/29/2002 67 FR 65998 65999 Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior;Proposed Habitat Conservation Plan for the Northern Spotted Owl, Napa County, CA.:Notice of availability.
07/01/2011 76 FR 38575 38576 Revised Recovery Plan for the Northern Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis caurina)
04/26/2007 72 FR 20865 20866 Draft Recovery Plan for the Northern Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis caurina)
04/21/2003 68 FR 19569 19571 5-Year Review of the Marbled Murrelet and the Northern Spotted Owl
03/29/2011 76 FR 17434 17439 Receipt of Application for an Endangered Species Act Incidental Take Permit
05/10/1996 61 FR 21426 21430 ETWP; Proposed Special Rule for the Conservation of the Northern Spotted Owl on Non-Federal Lands
06/14/2007 72 FR 32857 32858 Draft Recovery Plan for the Northern Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis caurina)
06/26/1990 55 FR 26114 26194 ETWP; Determination of Threatened Status for the Northern Spotted Owl; 55 FR 26114 26194
01/20/1999 64 FR 3066 3067 Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement Regarding Proposed Issuance of an Incidental Take Permit to the City of Tacoma, Washington, for Water Storage and Withdrawal and Forest Management in the Green River Watershed, King County, Washington
12/17/2008 73 FR 76680 76682 Receipt of Application for an Enhancement of Survival Permit for the Northern Spotted Owl and the Marbled Murrelet
09/15/2010 75 FR 56131 56133 Draft Revised Recovery Plan for the Northern Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis caurina)
08/22/2008 73 FR 49647 49648 Availability of a Draft Environmental Impact Statement and Habitat Conservation Plan, and Receipt of Applications for Incidental Take Permits
06/01/2012 77 FR 32483 32493 Revised Critical Habitat for the Northern Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis caurina: Proposed rule; availability of supplementary documents.
06/12/2007 32516 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Proposed Revised Designation of Critical Habitat for the Northern Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis caurina); Proposed Rule
02/03/2000 65 FR 5298 5300 90-Day Finding for a Petition To Delist the Northern Spotted Owl From the List of Threatened and Endangered Species
05/06/1991 56 FR 20816 21016 ETWP; Proposed Determination of Critical Habitat for Strix occidentalis caurina (Northern Spotted Owl); 56 FR 20816 21016
01/15/1992 57 FR 1796 1838 ETWP; Determination of Critical Habitat for the Northern Spotted Owl
11/12/1991 56 FR 57503 (Correction) ETWP; Proposed Determination of Critical Habitat for Strix occidentalis caurina (Northern Spotted Owl); 56 FR 57503
03/15/2000 65 FR 13947 13948 Extension of Public Comment Period for Draft Environmental Impact Statement and Application for an Incidental Take Permit for the Tacoma Water Department, Green River Watershed, Habitat Conservation Plan, King County, Washington
08/31/1994 59 FR 44958 44959 ETWP; 90-Day Finding on a Petition to Remove the Northern Spotted Owl in California From the List of Threathened and Endangered Species
08/13/1991 56 FR 40002 40143 ETWP; Revised Proposed Determination of Critical Habitat for Strix occidentalis caurina (Northern Spotted Owl); 56 FR 40002 40143
02/10/2000 65 FR 6590 6590 Availability of the Record of Decision for the Proposed Modification of a Habitat Conservation Plan With Respect to a Permit Allowing Incidental Take of Threatened and Endangered Species for Plum Creek Timber Company Lands in the Interstate-90 Corridor of King and Kittitas Counties, Washington
04/22/2011 76 FR 22720 22721 Reopening of Comment Period for Draft Revised Recovery Plan for the Northern Spotted Owl--Appendix C
05/08/2012 77 FR 27010 27012 Revised Critical Habitat for the Northern Spotted Owl: Proposed rule; extension of public comment period; announcement of public meetings and public hearing.
08/21/2012 77 FR 50526 50530 Proposed Safe Harbor Agreement for the Northern Spotted Owl, Skamania, Klickitat, and Yakima Counties, WA,and Hood River and Wasco Counties, OR (77 FR 50526)
03/29/1990 55 FR 11626 11627 ETWP; Reopening of Comment Period on Proposed Threatened Status for the Northern Spotted Owl; 55 FR 11626 11627
03/08/2012 77 FR 14062 14165 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Revised Critical Habitat for the Northern Spotted Owl: Proposed rule.
11/24/2010 75 FR 71726 71729 5-Year Status Reviews of 58 Species in Washington, Oregon, California, and Hawaii
08/13/2008 73 FR 47326 47522 Revised Designation of Critical Habitat for the Northern Spotted Owl; Final Rule
06/23/1989 54 FR 26666 26667 ETWP; Proposed Threatened Status for the Northern Spotted Owl; 54 FR 26666 26667
07/25/2005 70 FR 42533 42535 Notice of Intent to Conduct Public Scoping Meetings and to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement Related to the Family Forest Habitat Conservation Plan
02/17/1995 60 FR 9485 9527 ETWP; Proposed Special Rule for the Conservation of the Northern Spotted Owl on Non-Federal Lands
01/05/2001 66 FR 1089 1091 Availability of a Final Environmental Impact Statement for the Tacoma Water Department Habitat Conservation Plan, King County, WA
10/08/1991 56 FR 50701 50704 ETWP; Proposed Determination of Critical Habitat for Strix occidentalis caurina (Northern Spotted Owl); 56 FR 50701 50704
04/20/2011 76 FR 22139 22140 5-Year Status Reviews of Three Species in Washington, Oregon, and California; Reopening of Public Comment Period
02/18/2000 65 FR 8434 8436 Availability of a Habitat Conservation Plan and Receipt of an Application for an Incidental Take Permit for the Wiley Creek Unit, Linn County, OR
11/17/1995 60 FR 57722 57724 Availability of a Draft Environmental Impact Statement and Receipt of an Application for the Proposed Issuance of a Permit To Allow Incidental Take of Threatened and Endangered Species on Plum Creek Timber Company, L.P., Lands in the I90 Corridor, King and Kittitas Counties, WA
02/16/2000 65 FR 7856 7856 Extension of Comment Period for the Draft Environmental Impact Statement, and Incidental Take Permit Application and Proposed Habitat Conservation Plan Submitted by Plum Creek Timberlands, L. P. for Lands in Montana, Idaho, and Washington
12/04/2012 77 FR 71875 72068 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Designation of Revised Critical Habitat for the Northern Spotted Owl; Final Rule
07/25/2003 68 FR 44093 44094 Second Information Request for the 5-Year Reviews of the Marbled Murrelet (Brachyramphus marmoratus marmoratus) and the Northern Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis caurina)
01/06/1999 64 FR 907 908 Availability of a Habitat Conservation Plan and Receipt of an Application for an Incidental Take Permit for the City of The Dalles Municipal Watershed, Wasco County, Oregon
05/24/2005 70 FR 29779 29779 Notice of Intent to Conduct Public Scoping Meetings and to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement Related to the Elliott State Forest Habitat Conservation Plan; Correction
01/31/2000 4603 Availability of a Draft Environmental Impact Statement and Receipt of an Application for Incidental Take Permits for the Tacoma Water Department, Green River Watershed, Habitat Conservation Plan, King County, Washington
04/10/2015 80 FR 19259 19263 90-Day Findings on 10 Petitions; Notice of petition findings and initiation of status reviews
12/23/1987 52 FR 48552 48554 Finding on Northern Spotted Owl Petition; 52 FR 48552-48554
09/05/2007 72 FR 50929 50930 Designation of Critical Habitat for the Marbled Murrelet (Brachyramphus marmoratus, Designation of Critical Habitat for the Northern Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis caurina), Draft Recovery Plan for the Northern Spotted Owl
09/11/1987 52 FR 34396 34397 90-Day Petition Finding & Initiation of Status Review; Northern Spotted Owl; 52 FR 34396-34397
11/03/2015 80 FR 67779 67781 Proposed Safe Harbor Agreement for the Northern Spotted Owl and Draft Environmental Assessment, Roseburg Resources Company and Oxbow Timber I, LLC, Lane County, OR
07/21/2009 74 FR 35883 35885 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Permit Application, Northern Spotted Owl, Oregon
05/09/2005 70 FR 24450 24452 Notice of Intent to Conduct Public Scoping Meetings and to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement Related to the Elliott State Forest Habitat Conservation Plan
11/30/2010 75 FR 74073 Draft Revised Recovery Plan for the Northern Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis caurina); Reopening of Public Comment Period
Special Rule Publications
Date Citation Page Title
05/10/1996 61 FR 21426 21430 ETWP; Proposed Special Rule for the Conservation of the Northern Spotted Owl on Non-Federal Lands
02/17/1995 60 FR 9485 9527 ETWP; Proposed Special Rule for the Conservation of the Northern Spotted Owl on Non-Federal Lands

» Recovery

Current Recovery Plan(s)
Date Title Plan Action Status Plan Status
06/28/2011 Revised Recovery Plan for the Northern Spotted Owl View Implementation Progress Final Revision 1
Other Recovery Documents
Date Citation Page Title Document Type
07/01/2011 76 FR 38575 38576 Revised Recovery Plan for the Northern Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis caurina)
  • Notice Final Recovery Plan Availability
06/01/2012 77 FR 32483 32493 Revised Critical Habitat for the Northern Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis caurina: Proposed rule; availability of supplementary documents.
  • Notice Doc. Availability
04/22/2011 76 FR 22720 22721 Reopening of Comment Period for Draft Revised Recovery Plan for the Northern Spotted Owl--Appendix C
  • Notice Draft Recovery Plan Availability
11/30/2010 75 FR 74073 Draft Revised Recovery Plan for the Northern Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis caurina); Reopening of Public Comment Period
  • Notice Draft Recovery Plan Availability
  • Notice Reopen Comment
09/15/2010 75 FR 56131 56133 Draft Revised Recovery Plan for the Northern Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis caurina)
  • Notice Draft Recovery Plan Availability
06/14/2007 72 FR 32857 32858 Draft Recovery Plan for the Northern Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis caurina)
  • Notice Comment Period Extension
  • Notice Recovery Plan Avail.
04/26/2007 72 FR 20865 20866 Draft Recovery Plan for the Northern Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis caurina)
  • Notice Draft Recovery Plan Availability
04/20/2011 76 FR 22139 22140 5-Year Status Reviews of Three Species in Washington, Oregon, and California; Reopening of Public Comment Period
  • Notice 5-year Review, Initiation
11/24/2010 75 FR 71726 71729 5-Year Status Reviews of 58 Species in Washington, Oregon, California, and Hawaii
  • Notice 5-year Review, Initiation
04/21/2003 68 FR 19569 19571 5-Year Review of the Marbled Murrelet and the Northern Spotted Owl
  • Notice 5-year Review
Five Year Review
Date Title
10/26/2011 Northern Spotted Owl 5-Year Review (2011)
11/15/2004 Northern Spotted Owl 5-Year Review

» Critical Habitat

Date Citation Page Title Document Type Status
12/04/2012 77 FR 71875 72068 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Designation of Revised Critical Habitat for the Northern Spotted Owl; Final Rule Final Rule Final designated
03/08/2012 77 FR 14062 14165 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Revised Critical Habitat for the Northern Spotted Owl: Proposed rule. Proposed Rule Not Required
08/13/2008 73 FR 47326 47522 Revised Designation of Critical Habitat for the Northern Spotted Owl; Final Rule Final Rule Not Required
06/12/2007 32516 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Proposed Revised Designation of Critical Habitat for the Northern Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis caurina); Proposed Rule Proposed Rule Not Required
01/15/1992 57 FR 1796 1838 ETWP; Determination of Critical Habitat for the Northern Spotted Owl Final Rule Not Required
11/12/1991 56 FR 57503 (Correction) ETWP; Proposed Determination of Critical Habitat for Strix occidentalis caurina (Northern Spotted Owl); 56 FR 57503 Proposed Rule Not Required
10/08/1991 56 FR 50701 50704 ETWP; Proposed Determination of Critical Habitat for Strix occidentalis caurina (Northern Spotted Owl); 56 FR 50701 50704 Proposed Rule Not Required
08/13/1991 56 FR 40002 40143 ETWP; Revised Proposed Determination of Critical Habitat for Strix occidentalis caurina (Northern Spotted Owl); 56 FR 40002 40143 Proposed Rule Not Required
05/06/1991 56 FR 20816 21016 ETWP; Proposed Determination of Critical Habitat for Strix occidentalis caurina (Northern Spotted Owl); 56 FR 20816 21016 Proposed Rule Not Required

To learn more about critical habitat please see http://ecos.fws.gov/crithab

» Conservation Plans

Habitat Conservation Plans (HCP) (learn more)
HCP Plan Summaries
Boise Cascade Low-effect HCP for the Northern Spotted Owl (transferred to Boise Central Washington Land & Timber , LLC. Permit was subsequently transferred to Western Pacific Timberlands, LLC.)
Cedar River Watershed HCP
City of Tacoma, Tacoma Water HCP
City of the Dalles Municipal Watershed
Coast Range Conifers
Elliott State Forest, Termination
Fruit Growers Supply Company
Humboldt Redwood Company (formerly Pacific Lumber, Headwaters)
Mendocino Redwood Company
Plum Creek Timber Central Cascades HCP (aka I-90 HCP)
Plum Creek Timber I-90 Land Exchange
Port Blakely RB Eddy Tree Farm
Regli Estates
Scofield Corporation
Terra Springs LLC Low Effect
WDNR Forest Lands HCP
West Fork Timber HCP (formerly Murray Pacific)
Weyerhauser (Millicoma Tree Farm)
Safe Harbor Agreements (SHA): (learn more)
SHA Plan Summaries
Forster-Gill, Inc.
Oregon Department of Forestry Spotted Owl SHA
Port Blakely (Morton Block) SHA
Roseburg Resources and Oxbow Timber I SHA
SDS Lumber & Broughton Lumber SHA
Tagshinny Tree Farm

» Petitions

» Life History

No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.

» Other Resources

NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.