Marbled murrelet (Brachyramphus marmoratus)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:   

General Information

The marbled murrelet is a small, chubby seabird that has a very short neck. During the breeding season it has dark brown to blackish upperparts and a white belly and throat that are greatly mottled. During the winter the upperparts become grey, dark marks form on the sides of the breast and a white ring develops around the eye. Males and females are similar in appearance and size. Juveniles are similar to the adult winter plumage, but with dusky mottling on the underparts. Vocalisations include a sharp keer' or low kee'.

  • States/US Territories in which the Marbled murrelet, U.S.A. (CA, OR, WA) is known to or is believed to occur:  California , Oregon , Washington
  • US Counties in which the Marbled murrelet, U.S.A. (CA, OR, WA) is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
  • USFWS Refuges in which the Marbled murrelet, U.S.A. (CA, OR, WA) is known to occur:  Billy Frank Jr. Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge, Cape Meares National Wildlife Refuge, Willapa National Wildlife Refuge
 
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
1992-10-01 Pacific Region (Region 1) U.S.A. (CA, OR, WA)

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents
Date Citation Page Title
2006-09-12 00:00:00.0 71 FR 53838 53951 Designation of Critical Habitat for the Marbled Murrelet
2008-10-02 00:00:00.0 73 FR 57314 57317 90-Day Finding on a Petition To Remove the California, Oregon, and Washington Population of the Marbled Murrelet (Brachyramphus marmoratus) From the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife
2005-05-24 00:00:00.0 70 FR 29779 29779 Notice of Intent to Conduct Public Scoping Meetings and to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement Related to the Elliott State Forest Habitat Conservation Plan; Correction
2000-03-15 00:00:00.0 65 FR 13947 13948 Extension of Public Comment Period for Draft Environmental Impact Statement and Application for an Incidental Take Permit for the Tacoma Water Department, Green River Watershed, Habitat Conservation Plan, King County, Washington
1996-05-24 00:00:00.0 61 FR 26257 26320 ETWP; Final Designation of Critical Habitat for the Marbled Murrelet
1995-08-10 00:00:00.0 60 FR 40892 40954 Proposed Designation of Critical Habitat for the Marbled Murrelet; Supplemental Proposed Rule
2007-09-14 00:00:00.0 72 FR 52575 52576 Proposed Low Effect Habitat Conservation Plan for Washington Department of Natural Resources' Commercial Geoduck Fishery
1994-01-27 00:00:00.0 59 FR 3811 3824 ETWP; Proposed Designation of Critical Habitat for the Marbled Murrelet
2001-01-05 00:00:00.0 66 FR 1089 1091 Availability of a Final Environmental Impact Statement for the Tacoma Water Department Habitat Conservation Plan, King County, WA
2008-08-22 00:00:00.0 73 FR 49647 49648 Availability of a Draft Environmental Impact Statement and Habitat Conservation Plan, and Receipt of Applications for Incidental Take Permits
1989-01-06 00:00:00.0 54 FR 554 579 ETWP; Animal Notice of Review; 54 FR 554 579
1997-01-22 00:00:00.0 62 FR 3241 ETWP; Notice of Availability of Regulatory Flexibility Analysis for the Designation of Critical Habitat for the Marbled Murrelet
2008-03-06 00:00:00.0 73 FR 12067 12068 Designation of Critical Habitat for the Marbled Murrelet (Brachyramphus marmoratus)Proposed rule; finding that the revision of critical habitat should not be made.
2008-12-17 00:00:00.0 73 FR 76680 76682 Receipt of Application for an Enhancement of Survival Permit for the Northern Spotted Owl and the Marbled Murrelet
2000-02-10 00:00:00.0 65 FR 6590 6590 Availability of the Record of Decision for the Proposed Modification of a Habitat Conservation Plan With Respect to a Permit Allowing Incidental Take of Threatened and Endangered Species for Plum Creek Timber Company Lands in the Interstate-90 Corridor of King and Kittitas Counties, Washington
2016-08-04 00:00:00.0 81 FR 51348 51370 Determination of Critical Habitat for the Marbled Murrelet; Final determination.
1991-11-21 00:00:00.0 56 FR 58804 58836 ETWP; Animal Candidate Review for Listing as Endangered or Threatened Species; 56 FR 58804 58836
2011-10-05 00:00:00.0 76 FR 61599 61621 Revised Critical Habitat for the Marbled Murrelet: Final rule.
2009-02-11 00:00:00.0 74 FR 6852 6853 Revised Critical Habitat for the Marbled Murrelet - Proposed rule; reopening of public comment period.
1994-11-15 00:00:00.0 59 FR 58982 59028 ETWP; Animal Candidate Review for Listing as Endangered or Threatened Species.
2007-06-26 00:00:00.0 72 FR 35025 35028 Designation of Critical Habitat for the Marbled Murrelet (Brachyramphus marmoratus): Proposed rule; reopening of comment period, notice of availability of draft economic analysis, and amended required determinations.
2007-09-05 00:00:00.0 72 FR 50929 50930 Designation of Critical Habitat for the Marbled Murrelet (Brachyramphus marmoratus, Designation of Critical Habitat for the Northern Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis caurina), Draft Recovery Plan for the Northern Spotted Owl
2015-08-25 00:00:00.0 80 FR 51506 51523 Determination of Critical Habitat for the Marbled Murrelet: Proposed rule
2010-01-21 00:00:00.0 75 FR 3424 3434 12-Month Finding on a Petition To Remove the Marbled Murrelet (Brachyramphus marmoratus) From the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife
1992-10-01 00:00:00.0 57 FR 45328 45337 ETWP; Determination of Threatened Status for the Washington, Oregon and California Population of the Marbled Murrelet; 57 FR 45328 4533
2008-07-31 00:00:00.0 73 FR 44678 44701 Revised Critical Habitat for the Marbled Murrelet: Proposed rule.
2000-02-16 00:00:00.0 65 FR 7856 7856 Extension of Comment Period for the Draft Environmental Impact Statement, and Incidental Take Permit Application and Proposed Habitat Conservation Plan Submitted by Plum Creek Timberlands, L. P. for Lands in Montana, Idaho, and Washington
2011-03-29 00:00:00.0 76 FR 17434 17439 Receipt of Application for an Endangered Species Act Incidental Take Permit
1991-06-20 00:00:00.0 56 FR 28362 28367 ETWP; Proposed Threatened Status for the Marbled Murrelet in Washington, Oregon and California; 56 FR 28362 28367
1999-01-20 00:00:00.0 64 FR 3066 3067 Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement Regarding Proposed Issuance of an Incidental Take Permit to the City of Tacoma, Washington, for Water Storage and Withdrawal and Forest Management in the Green River Watershed, King County, Washington
2005-07-25 00:00:00.0 70 FR 42533 42535 Notice of Intent to Conduct Public Scoping Meetings and to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement Related to the Family Forest Habitat Conservation Plan
2000-01-31 00:00:00.0 4603 Availability of a Draft Environmental Impact Statement and Receipt of an Application for Incidental Take Permits for the Tacoma Water Department, Green River Watershed, Habitat Conservation Plan, King County, Washington
2003-07-25 00:00:00.0 68 FR 44093 44094 Second Information Request for the 5-Year Reviews of the Marbled Murrelet (Brachyramphus marmoratus marmoratus) and the Northern Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis caurina)
1988-10-17 00:00:00.0 53 FR 40479 Notice of Finding on Petition to List Marbled Murrelet in WA, OR, & CA; 53 FR 40479
2003-04-21 00:00:00.0 68 FR 19569 19571 5-Year Review of the Marbled Murrelet and the Northern Spotted Owl
2005-05-09 00:00:00.0 70 FR 24450 24452 Notice of Intent to Conduct Public Scoping Meetings and to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement Related to the Elliott State Forest Habitat Conservation Plan
1995-11-17 00:00:00.0 60 FR 57722 57724 Availability of a Draft Environmental Impact Statement and Receipt of an Application for the Proposed Issuance of a Permit To Allow Incidental Take of Threatened and Endangered Species on Plum Creek Timber Company, L.P., Lands in the I90 Corridor, King and Kittitas Counties, WA

» Recovery

Current Recovery Plan(s)
Date Title Plan Action Status Plan Status
1997-09-24 Recovery Plan for the Threatened Marbled Murrelet (Brachyramphus marmoratus) in Washington, Oregon, and California View Implementation Progress Final
Other Recovery Documents
Date Citation Page Title Document Type
1997-01-22 62 FR 3241 ETWP; Notice of Availability of Regulatory Flexibility Analysis for the Designation of Critical Habitat for the Marbled Murrelet
  • Notice Critical Habitat
  • Notice Doc. Availability
2008-10-02 73 FR 57314 57317 90-Day Finding on a Petition To Remove the California, Oregon, and Washington Population of the Marbled Murrelet (Brachyramphus marmoratus) From the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife
  • Notice 5-year Review, Initiation
  • Notice 90-day Petition Finding, Substantial
2003-04-21 68 FR 19569 19571 5-Year Review of the Marbled Murrelet and the Northern Spotted Owl
  • Notice 5-year Review
Five Year Review
Date Title
2009-06-12 2009 Marbled Murrelet 5-Year Review
2004-09-01 Marbled murrelet 5-year review

» Critical Habitat

Date Citation Page Title Document Type Status
2016-08-04 81 FR 51348 51370 Determination of Critical Habitat for the Marbled Murrelet; Final determination. Final Rule Final designated
2015-08-25 80 FR 51506 51523 Determination of Critical Habitat for the Marbled Murrelet: Proposed rule Proposed Rule Not Required
2011-10-05 76 FR 61599 61621 Revised Critical Habitat for the Marbled Murrelet: Final rule. Final Rule Not Required
2008-07-31 73 FR 44678 44701 Revised Critical Habitat for the Marbled Murrelet: Proposed rule. Proposed Rule Not Required
2008-03-06 73 FR 12067 12068 Designation of Critical Habitat for the Marbled Murrelet (Brachyramphus marmoratus)Proposed rule; finding that the revision of critical habitat should not be made. Proposed Rule Not Required
2006-09-12 71 FR 53838 53951 Designation of Critical Habitat for the Marbled Murrelet Proposed Rule Not Required
1996-05-24 61 FR 26257 26320 ETWP; Final Designation of Critical Habitat for the Marbled Murrelet Final Rule Not Required
1995-08-10 60 FR 40892 40954 Proposed Designation of Critical Habitat for the Marbled Murrelet; Supplemental Proposed Rule Proposed Rule Not Required
1994-01-27 59 FR 3811 3824 ETWP; Proposed Designation of Critical Habitat for the Marbled Murrelet Proposed Rule Not Required

To learn more about critical habitat please see http://ecos.fws.gov/crithab

» Conservation Plans

Habitat Conservation Plans (HCP) (learn more)
HCP Plan Summaries
Cedar River Watershed HCP
City of Tacoma, Tacoma Water HCP
Coast Range Conifers
Elliott State Forest, Termination
Grover Tree Farm
Humboldt Redwood Company (formerly Pacific Lumber, Headwaters)
Mendocino Redwood Company
Plum Creek Timber Central Cascades HCP (aka I-90 HCP)
Plum Creek Timber I-90 Land Exchange
Port Blakely RB Eddy Tree Farm
Regli Estates
Simpson Timber NW Operations (Green Diamond Resource Company)
Washington Department of Natural Resources (WDNR) Low-effect HCP for Commercial Geoduck Fishery
WDNR Forest Lands HCP
West Fork Timber HCP (formerly Murray Pacific)
Safe Harbor Agreements (SHA): (learn more)
SHA Plan Summaries
City of Everett Lake Chaplain Tract SHA
Port Blakely (Morton Block) SHA
Tagshinny Tree Farm

» Petitions

» Life History

No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.

» Other Resources

NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.