Coastal California gnatcatcher (Polioptila californica californica)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:   

Where Listed: WHEREVER FOUND

General Information

The coastal California gnatcatcher is a small blue-gray songbird which measures only 4.5 inches (11 cm) and weighs 0.2 ounces (6 grams). It has dark blue-gray feathers on its back and grayish-white feathers on its underside. The wings have a brownish wash to them. Its long tail is mostly black with white outer tail feathers. They have a thin, small bill. The males have a black cap during the summer which is absent during the winter. Both males and females have a white ring around their eyes. It belongs to the old-world warbler and gnatcatcher Sylviidae family.

  • States/US Territories in which the Coastal California gnatcatcher, Entire is known to or is believed to occur:  California
  • US Counties in which the Coastal California gnatcatcher, Entire is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
  • USFWS Refuges in which the Coastal California gnatcatcher, Entire is known to occur:  San Diego Bay National Wildlife Refuge, San Diego National Wildlife Refuge, Tijuana Slough National Wildlife Refuge
  • Countries in which the the Coastal California gnatcatcher, Entire is known to occur:  Mexico
 
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
03/30/1993 California/Nevada Region (Region 8) Entire

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents
Date Citation Page Title
12/31/2014 79 FR 78775 78778 90-Day Findings on Two Petitions
05/25/2011 76 FR 30377 30382 Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of Species in California, Nevada, and the Klamath Basin of Oregon
02/11/2004 69 FR 6683 6684 Environmental Assessment Regarding Proposed Issuance of an Incidental Take Permit to the Burlington Northern and Santa Fe Railway Company on Lands in the Middle Fork Flathead River Corridor
04/08/2004 69 FR 18516 18518 Notice of the Availability of Draft Economic Analyses, and of a Public Hearing for the Proposed Designations of Critical Habitat for the Coastal California Gnatcatcher (Polioptila californica californica) and the San Diego Fairy Shrimp (Branchinecta sandiegonensis)
12/27/1994 59 FR 66509 66510 ETWP; Reopening of Comment Period on Data Pertaining to the Subspecies Taxonomy of the California Gnatcatcher
04/03/2007 72 FR 15857 15859 Reopening of Public Comment Periods for the Proposed Designations of Critical Habitat for the Coastal California Gnatcatcher and the San Diego Fairy Shrimp
08/26/1994 59 FR 44125 44126 ETWP; Notice of Extension of Comment Period on Data Pertaining to the Subspecies Taxonomy of the California Gnatcatcher
02/08/1999 64 FR 5957 5963 ETWP; Determination of Whether Designation of Critical Habitat for the Coastal California Gnatcatcher is Prudent
12/19/2007 72 FR 72010 72213 Revised Designation of Critical Habitat for the Coastal California Gnatcatcher (Polioptila californica californica); Final Rule
09/20/2002 67 FR 59304 59305 Availability of an Environmental Assessment and Receipt of an Application for an Incidental take Permit for the Antelope Road L.P. Property, Murrieta, CA
03/30/1993 58 FR 16758 16759 Proposed Special Rule to Allow Take of the Threatened Coastal California Gnatcatcher
03/14/2005 70 FR 12497 12498 Preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement for the North County Multiple Species Conservation Program, San Diego, CA
09/17/1991 56 FR 47053 47060 ETWP; Proposed Rule to List the Coastal California Gnatcatcher as Endangered; 56 FR 47053 47060
04/08/2004 69 FR 18515 18516 Reopening of the Public Comment Period for the Determination of Distinct Vertebrate Population Segment for the California Gnatcatcher (Polioptila californica)
03/22/1991 56 FR 12146 12148 ETWP; 90-Day Findings and Commencement of Status Reviews for Seven Petitions to List Five Species as Threatened or Endangered; 56 FR 12146 12148
06/04/2004 69 FR 31632 31635 Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement/Environmental Impact Report for an Incidental Take Permit for the Multiple Habitat Consrevation Program, Carlsbad, CA
09/22/1992 57 FR 43686 ETWP; Notice of 6-month Extension & Reopening of Public Comment Period on Proposed Rule to List Coastal California Gnatcatcher as End; 57 FR 43686
12/22/2006 71 FR 77058 77059 Proposed Low-Effect Habitat Conservation Plan for 93-129 Ltd in the City of Laguna Niguel, California
02/07/2000 65 FR 5946 5976 Proposed Determination of Critical Habitat for the Coastal California Gnatcatcher
05/21/2003 68 FR 27841 27842 Availability of an Environmental Assessment and Receipt of an Application for an Incidental Take Permit for the Harley John Reservoir Replacement in Riverside County, CA
10/24/2000 65 FR 63680 63743 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Final Determination of Critical Habitat for the Coastal California Gnatcatcher; Final Rule
03/05/2008 73 FR 11945 11950 Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 58 Species in California and Nevada; Availability of Completed 5-Year Reviews in California, Nevada and Southern Oregon
10/26/2011 76 FR 66255 66260 90-Day Finding on a Petition to Delist the Coastal California Gnatcatcher as Threatened
04/24/2003 68 FR 20228 20312 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Designation of Critical Habitat for the Coastal California Gnatcatcher (Polioptila californica californica) and Determination of Distinct Vertebrate Population Segment for the California Gnatcatcher (Polioptila californica); Proposed Rule
12/10/1993 58 FR 65088 65096 ETWP; Special Rule Concerning Take of the Threatened Coastal California Gnatcatcher
06/29/2000 65 FR 40073 40074 Reopening of Comment Period and Notice of Availability of Draft Economic Analysis for Proposed Critical Habitat Determination for the Coastal California Gnatcatcher
03/30/1993 58 FR 16742 16757 Determination of Threatened Status for the Coastal California Gnatcatcher
07/28/1994 59 FR 38426 ETWP; Notice of Extension of Comment Period on Data Pertaining to The Subspecies Taxonomy of The California Gnatcather
Special Rule Publications
Date Citation Page Title
12/10/1993 58 FR 65088 65096 ETWP; Special Rule Concerning Take of the Threatened Coastal California Gnatcatcher
03/30/1993 58 FR 16758 16759 Proposed Special Rule to Allow Take of the Threatened Coastal California Gnatcatcher

» Recovery

Other Recovery Documents
Date Citation Page Title Document Type
06/29/2000 65 FR 40073 40074 Reopening of Comment Period and Notice of Availability of Draft Economic Analysis for Proposed Critical Habitat Determination for the Coastal California Gnatcatcher
  • Notice Doc. Availability
  • Notice Reopen Comment
05/25/2011 76 FR 30377 30382 Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of Species in California, Nevada, and the Klamath Basin of Oregon
  • Notice 5-year Review, Completion
03/05/2008 73 FR 11945 11950 Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 58 Species in California and Nevada; Availability of Completed 5-Year Reviews in California, Nevada and Southern Oregon
  • Notice 5-year Review, Initiation
Five Year Review
Date Title
09/29/2010 Coastal California gnatcatcher 5-year Review

» Critical Habitat

Date Citation Page Title Document Type Status
12/19/2007 72 FR 72010 72213 Revised Designation of Critical Habitat for the Coastal California Gnatcatcher (Polioptila californica californica); Final Rule Final Rule Final designated
04/24/2003 68 FR 20228 20312 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Designation of Critical Habitat for the Coastal California Gnatcatcher (Polioptila californica californica) and Determination of Distinct Vertebrate Population Segment for the California Gnatcatcher (Polioptila californica); Proposed Rule Proposed Rule Not Required
10/24/2000 65 FR 63680 63743 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Final Determination of Critical Habitat for the Coastal California Gnatcatcher; Final Rule Final Rule Not Required
02/07/2000 65 FR 5946 5976 Proposed Determination of Critical Habitat for the Coastal California Gnatcatcher Proposed Rule Not Required

To learn more about critical habitat please see http://ecos.fws.gov/crithab

» Conservation Plans

Habitat Conservation Plans (HCP) (learn more)
HCP Plan Summaries
93-129 (Bear Brand Ranch) Low-Effect HCP (Laguna Niguel, Orange Cnty, CA)
Antelope Road HCP
Assessment District 161
Bellota Landslide Repair and Shorecliffs Mobile Home Park (San Clemente, Orange Cnty, CA)
Bennett Property, Lamco Housing, Inc.
Cal. Dept. of Corrections Statewide Electrified Fence Project
Cornerstone Homes, Railroad Canyon/Lake Elsinore Tract 20704
Coyote Hills East (UnoCal)
Deer Canyon Park Low-Effect HCP (Anaheim, Orange Cnty, CA)
El Sobrante Landfill
Evergreen Nursery
Fieldstone/La Costa & City of Carlsbad
Granite Homes/Lake Elsinore Tract 20705
Harley John Reservoir
Lake Mathews
Meadowlark Estates, SunCal Company
MHCP, City of Carlsbad Habitat Management Plan
Mission View Estates
MSCP, City of Chula Vista Subarea Plan
MSCP, City of La Mesa Subarea Plan
MSCP, City of Poway Subarea Plan
MSCP, City of San Diego Subarea Plan
MSCP, County of San Diego Subarea Plan
Newport Estates
North Peak Development Project
Ocean Trails Amendment and Permit Transfer
Ocean Trails (Palos Verdes Land Holdings Co./Zuckerman Building Co.)
Orange County Central/Coastal NCCP/HCP
Orange County Southern Subregion NCCP/HCP
Rancho Bella Vista (Pacific Bay Properties)
San Diego County Water Authority Subregional NCCP/HCP
San Diego Gas & Electric
Shell Oil Company/Metropolitan Water District of Southern California
Temecula Ridge Apartments and Temecula Village Development
Van Daele
Western Riverside MSHCP (One permit w/ 22 permittees)

» Petitions

» Life History

No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.

» Other Resources

NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

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