Black Stilt (Himantopus novaezelandiae)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:   

Where Listed: WHEREVER FOUND

General Information

The black stilt is a wading bird in the family Recurvirostridae. It is native to New Zealand and is locally known there by its Maori name ‘‘kaki.’’ Adults are characterized by long red legs, a slender bill and black plumage (BirdLife International (BLI) 2007a; New Zealand Conservation Management Group (NZ CMaG 2007). Adult males and females are generally regarded as having identical plumage (BLI 2007e); however, Elkington and Maloney (2000) determined that white flecking around their eyes and crown is generally indicative of older males. Juveniles have a white-plumed breast, neck, and head (BLI 2007e).

 
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
01/16/2008 Foreign (Headquarters) Entire

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents
Date Citation Page Title
11/21/1991 56 FR 58664 58666 ETWP; Annual Description of Progress on Listing Actions and Findings on Recycled Petitions; 56 FR 58664 58666
01/09/1986 51 FR 996 999 Findings on Pending Petitions & Description of Progress on Listing Actions; 51 FR 996-999
05/12/1981 46 FR 26464 26469 ETWP; Notice of Petition Acceptance and Status Review
01/20/1984 49 FR 2485 2488 Findings on Pending Petitions & Description of Progress on Listing Actions; 49 FR 2485-2488
06/30/1987 52 FR 24312 24314 Findings on Pending Petitions & Description of Progress on Listing Actions; 52 FR 24312-24314
04/25/1990 55 FR 17475 17476 ETWP; Annual Description of Progress on Listing Actions and Findings on Recycled Petitions; 55 FR 17475 17476
11/22/2006 71 FR 67530 67540 Proposed Rule To List Six Foreign Birds as Endangered
12/29/1988 53 FR 52746 52749 Findings on Pending Petitions & Description of Progress on Listing Actions; 53 FR 52746-52749
05/10/1985 50 FR 19761 19763 Findings on Pending Petitions & Description of Progress on Listing Actions; 50 FR 19761-19763
01/16/2008 73 FR 3146 3179 Final Rule To List Six Foreign Birds as Endangered; Final Rule
07/07/1988 53 FR 25511 25515 Findings on Pending Petitions & Description of Progress of Listing Actions; 53 FR 25511-25515

» Recovery

No recovery information is available for the Black Stilt.

» Critical Habitat

No critical habitat rules have been published for the Black Stilt.

» Conservation Plans

No conservation plans have been created for Black Stilt.

» Petitions

» Life History

Habitat Requirements

Black stilt habitat includes riverbanks, lakeshores, swamps, and shallow ponds (Maloney & Murray 2002; Pierce 1982; Potts 1872; Reed et al. 1993a). The species’ habitat preferences shift slightly depending on the seasons, which are: Breeding (braided rivers, side streams, and swamps), post-breeding (riverbeds and shallow tarns), and wintering (inland waters or river deltas) (Maloney & Murray 2002). However, these habitats are often located within the same watershed, and the species is considered a primarily sedentary, nonmigrating species (Maloney & Murray 2002; Pierce 1986b).

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NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

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