African penguin (Spheniscus demersus)
Where Listed: WHEREVER FOUND
The African penguin is known by three other common names: Jackass penguin, cape penguin, and black-footed penguin.African penguins are the only nesting penguins found on the African continent. Their breeding range is from Hollamsbird Island, Namibia, to Bird Island, Algoa Bay, South Africa (Whittington et al. 2000a, p. 8), where penguins form colonies (rookeries) for breeding and molting. Outside the breeding season, African penguins occupy areas throughout the breeding range and farther to the north and east. Vagrants have occurred north to Sette Cama (2 degrees and 32 minutes South (2[deg]32'S)), Gabon, on Africa's west coast and to Inhaca Island (26[deg]58'S) and the Limpopo River mouth (24[deg]45'S), Mozambique, on the east coast of Africa (Shelton et al. 1984, p. 219; Hockey et al. 2005, p. 632). A coastal species, they are generally spotted within 7.5 miles (mi) (12 kilometers (km)) of the shore.
|Status||Date Listed||Lead Region||Where Listed|
» Federal Register Documents
|07/11/2007||72 FR 37695 37697||90-Day Finding on a Petition to List 12 Penguin Species as Threatened or Endangered under the Endangered Species Act|
|12/18/2008||73 FR 77332 77341||12-Month Finding on a Petition To List the African Penguin (Spheniscus demersus) Under the Endangered Species Act, and Proposed Rule To List the African Penguin as Endangered Throughout Its Range|
|09/28/2010||75 FR 59645 59656||Determination of Endangered Status for the African Penguin|
No recovery information is available for the African penguin.
» Critical Habitat
No critical habitat rules have been published for the African penguin.
» Conservation Plans
No conservation plans have been created for African penguin.
» Life History
No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.
» Other Resources
NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.
ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.
FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.