African penguin (Spheniscus demersus)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:   


General Information

The African penguin is known by three other common names: Jackass penguin, cape penguin, and black-footed penguin.African penguins are the only nesting penguins found on the African continent. Their breeding range is from Hollamsbird Island, Namibia, to Bird Island, Algoa Bay, South Africa (Whittington et al. 2000a, p. 8), where penguins form colonies (rookeries) for breeding and molting. Outside the breeding season, African penguins occupy areas throughout the breeding range and farther to the north and east. Vagrants have occurred north to Sette Cama (2 degrees and 32 minutes South (2[deg]32'S)), Gabon, on Africa's west coast and to Inhaca Island (26[deg]58'S) and the Limpopo River mouth (24[deg]45'S), Mozambique, on the east coast of Africa (Shelton et al. 1984, p. 219; Hockey et al. 2005, p. 632). A coastal species, they are generally spotted within 7.5 miles (mi) (12 kilometers (km)) of the shore.

Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
10/29/2010 Foreign (Headquarters) Wherever found

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents
Date Citation Page Title
12/18/2008 73 FR 77332 77341 12-Month Finding on a Petition To List the African Penguin (Spheniscus demersus) Under the Endangered Species Act, and Proposed Rule To List the African Penguin as Endangered Throughout Its Range
07/11/2007 72 FR 37695 37697 90-Day Finding on a Petition to List 12 Penguin Species as Threatened or Endangered under the Endangered Species Act
09/28/2010 75 FR 59645 59656 Determination of Endangered Status for the African Penguin

» Recovery

No recovery information is available for the African penguin.

» Critical Habitat

No critical habitat rules have been published for the African penguin.

» Conservation Plans

No conservation plans have been created for African penguin.

» Petitions

» Life History

No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.

» Other Resources

NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.