American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:   

General Information

The American alligator is a large, semi-aquatic, armored reptile that is related to crocodiles. Their body alone ranges from 6 - 14 feet long. Almost black in color, the it has prominent eyes and nostrils with coarse scales over the entire body. It has a large, long head with visible upper teeth along the edge of the jaws. Its front feet have 5 toes, while rear feet have 4 toes that are webbed.

  • States/US Territories in which the American alligator, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur:  Florida , North Carolina , Oklahoma
  • US Counties in which the American alligator, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
  • USFWS Refuges in which the American alligator, Wherever found is known to occur:  Chassahowitzka National Wildlife Refuge, Crystal River National Wildlife Refuge, Santee National Wildlife Refuge
  • Additional species information
 
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
03/11/1967 Southeast Region (Region 4) Wherever found

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents
Date Citation Page Title
10/23/1984 49 FR 42594 42597 Special Rule on American Alligator; 49 FR 42594-42597
05/01/1981 46 FR 24607 24611 ETWP; Proposal to Change the Legal Status of the American Alligator in 52 Parishes in Louisiana
11/25/1980 45 FR 78153 78156 Revision of Special Rule on American Alligator
10/12/1979 44 FR 59086 59094 Final 1979 Export Findings on American Alligator
03/11/1967 32 FR 4001 Endangered Species List - 1967
08/10/1981 46 FR 40664 40669 Reclassification of American Alligator in Louisiana
08/08/1980 45 FR 52849 52853 Revision of the Special Rule on the American Alligator
06/25/1979 44 FR 37130 37132 Reclassification of the American Alligator in Nine Parishes in Louisiana
10/21/1980 45 FR 69844 69845 Final Findings for Export of American Alligator and American Ginseng Taken in 1980-81 Season
10/12/1983 48 FR 46332 46336 Change Status of Amer. Alligator in State of Texas; 48 FR 46332-46336
09/06/1979 44 FR 51980 51982 Changes to the Special Rule Concerning the American Alligator
04/30/1979 44 FR 25384 25386 Export of American Alligator, Bobcat, Lynx, River Otter, Alaskan Wolf, Alaskan Brown Bear, and American Ginseng - Procedures for Making 1979-1980 Export Findings
06/04/1987 52 FR 21059 21064 Reclassification of American Alligator to Thr. Due to Similarity of Appearance Throughout Remainder of its Range; 52 FR 21059-21064
06/02/1986 51 FR 19760 19963 Proposal to Reclassify Legal Status of American Alligator Throughout Remainder of its Range to Thr. Due to Similarity of Appearance; 51 FR 19760-19963
05/31/1979 44 FR 31584 31590 Exports of Appendix II Species; American Alligator Proposed Export Findings for the 1979 Harvest Season
12/04/1980 45 FR 80444 80448 Final Findings for Export of Bobcat, Lynx, River Otter, Alaskan Gray Wolf & Alaskan Brown Bear Taken in 80-81 Season
09/13/1982 47 FR 40196 40200 ETWP; Proposal to Change the Status of American Alligator in State of Texas
01/10/1977 42 FR 2071 2076 Reclassification of American Alligator to Threatened Status in Certain Parts of Its Range; 42 FR 2071 2076 (Alligator mississippiensis)
06/13/1979 44 FR 33916 Export Findings for American Alligator; Public Hearing on July 10, 1979
01/09/1986 51 FR 996 999 Findings on Pending Petitions & Description of Progress on Listing Actions; 51 FR 996-999
07/08/1975 40 FR 28712 28720 Proposal to Reclassify the American Alligator; 40 FR 28712 28720 (Alligator mississippiensis)
09/26/1975 40 FR 44412 44429 Reclassification of American Alligator and other Amendments; 40 FR 44412 44429 (Alligator mississippiensis)
10/31/1985 50 FR 45407 45409 Special Rule on American Alligator; 50 FR 45407-45409
06/20/1984 49 FR 25342 25348 Proposal to Reclassify Legal Status of American Alligator in Florida to Similarity of Appearance; 49 FR 25342-25348
10/12/1979 44 FR 59080 59086 Changes to the Special Rule Concerning the American Alligator
06/20/1985 50 FR 25672 25678 Reclassification of American Alligator in Florida to Thr. Due to Similarity of Appearance; 50 FR 25672-25678
10/02/1978 43 FR 45513 45517 Proposed Reclassification of the American Alligator in Louisiana, and Proposed Changes to Special Rules Concerning the Alligator
01/07/1985 50 FR 811 812 Export of American Alligators Taken in 1984-85 Harvest Seasons in Texas; Final Findings of Scientific & Mgmt. Authorities; 50 FR 811-812
04/02/1985 50 FR 13054 13055 Notice of Findings on 4 Petitions & of Review of 1 Species; 50 FR 13054- 13055
07/18/1979 44 FR 41894 Proposed Changes to the Special Rule Concerning the American Alligator
Special Rule Publications
Date Citation Page Title
10/23/1984 49 FR 42594 42597 Special Rule on American Alligator; 49 FR 42594-42597
01/10/1977 42 FR 2071 2076 Reclassification of American Alligator to Threatened Status in Certain Parts of Its Range; 42 FR 2071 2076 (Alligator mississippiensis)
07/18/1979 44 FR 41894 Proposed Changes to the Special Rule Concerning the American Alligator
10/31/1985 50 FR 45407 45409 Special Rule on American Alligator; 50 FR 45407-45409
11/25/1980 45 FR 78153 78156 Revision of Special Rule on American Alligator
08/08/1980 45 FR 52849 52853 Revision of the Special Rule on the American Alligator
12/04/1980 45 FR 80444 80448 Final Findings for Export of Bobcat, Lynx, River Otter, Alaskan Gray Wolf & Alaskan Brown Bear Taken in 80-81 Season
10/12/1979 44 FR 59080 59086 Changes to the Special Rule Concerning the American Alligator
01/07/1985 50 FR 811 812 Export of American Alligators Taken in 1984-85 Harvest Seasons in Texas; Final Findings of Scientific & Mgmt. Authorities; 50 FR 811-812
09/06/1979 44 FR 51980 51982 Changes to the Special Rule Concerning the American Alligator

» Recovery

Other Recovery Documents
Date Citation Page Title Document Type
06/04/1987 52 FR 21059 21064 Reclassification of American Alligator to Thr. Due to Similarity of Appearance Throughout Remainder of its Range; 52 FR 21059-21064
  • Final Delisting, Recovered
  • Final Listing, Similarity of appearance - T
06/02/1986 51 FR 19760 19963 Proposal to Reclassify Legal Status of American Alligator Throughout Remainder of its Range to Thr. Due to Similarity of Appearance; 51 FR 19760-19963
  • Proposed Delisting, Recovered
  • Proposed Listing, Similarity of appearance - T

» Critical Habitat

No critical habitat rules have been published for the American alligator.

» Conservation Plans

No conservation plans have been created for American alligator.

» Petitions

» Life History

No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.

» Other Resources

NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.