Hawksbill sea turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:   

Where Listed: WHEREVER FOUND

General Information

The endangered Hawksbill Sea Turtle is one of seven species of sea turtles found throughout the world. One of the smaller sea turtles, it has overlapping scutes (plates) that are thicker than those of other sea turtles. This protects them from being battered against sharp coral and rocks during storm events. Adults range in size from 30 to 36 inches (0.8-1.0 meters) carapace length, and weigh 100 to 200 pounds (45-90 kilograms). Its carapace (upper shell) is an attractive dark brown with faint yellow streaks and blotches and a yellow plastron (under shell). The name "hawksbill" refers to the turtle's prominent hooked beak.

  • States/US Territories in which the Hawksbill sea turtle, Entire is known to or is believed to occur:  Alabama , American Samoa , Connecticut , Delaware , Florida , Georgia , Guam , Hawaii , Louisiana , Maine , Maryland , Massachusetts , Mississippi , New Hampshire , New Jersey , New York , North Carolina , Northern Mariana Islands , Palau , Puerto Rico , Rhode Island , South Carolina , Texas , Virginia , Virgin Islands
  • US Counties in which the Hawksbill sea turtle, Entire is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
  • USFWS Refuges in which the Hawksbill sea turtle, Entire is known to occur:  Anahuac National Wildlife Refuge, Aransas National Wildlife Refuge, Archie Carr National Wildlife Refuge, Baker Island National Wildlife Refuge, Cabo Rojo National Wildlife Refuge  ... Show All Refuges
  • Countries in which the the Hawksbill sea turtle, Entire is known to occur:  American Samoa, Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Belize, Brazil, British Indian Ocean Territory, British Virgin Islands, Cambodia, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, French Southern Territories, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guam, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Martinique, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mexico, Mozambique, Myanmar (Burma), Nauru, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Northern Mariana Islands, Oman, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Qatar, Reunion, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, United Arab Emirates, United States, U.S. Pacific Outlying Islands, U.S. Virgin Islands, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen
  • Additional species information
 
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
06/02/1970 Southeast Region (Region 4) Entire

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents
Date Citation Page Title
04/14/1970 35 FR 6069 Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (Endangered Species Conservation); 35 FR 6069
03/23/1999 64 FR 14052 14077 (NOAA/NMFS) Endangered and Threatened Species; Regulations Consolidation; Final Rule
09/02/1998 63 FR 46693 46701 Designated Critical Habitat; Green and Hawksbill Sea Turtles
06/29/1987 52 FR 24244 24262 NOAA--Sea Turtle Conservation; Shrimp Trawling Requirements; 52 FR 24244- 24262
10/22/1980 45 FR 70198 70201 ETWP; Proposed Determination of Critical Habitat for Hawksbill Sea Turtle in Puerto Rico
05/24/1978 43 FR 22224 22225 Proposed Determination of Critical Habitat for the Hawksbill Sea Turtle
06/24/1982 47 FR 27295 27298 ETWP; Determination of Critical Habitat for Hawksbill Sea Turtle in Puerto Rico
06/02/1970 35 FR 8491 8498 Part 17 - Conservation of Endangered Species and Other Fish or Wildlife (First List of Endangered Foreign Fish and Wildlife as Appendix A)
Special Rule Publications
Date Citation Page Title
03/23/1999 64 FR 14052 14077 (NOAA/NMFS) Endangered and Threatened Species; Regulations Consolidation; Final Rule
06/29/1987 52 FR 24244 24262 NOAA--Sea Turtle Conservation; Shrimp Trawling Requirements; 52 FR 24244- 24262

» Recovery

Current Recovery Plan(s)
Date Title Plan Action Status Plan Status
12/15/1993 Recovery Plan for the Hawksbill Turtle in the U.S. Caribbean, Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico View Implementation Progress Final Revision 1
01/12/1998 Recovery Plan for U.S. Pacific Populations of the Hawksbill Turtle View Implementation Progress Final Revision 1
Five Year Review
Date Title
05/28/2013 HAWKSBILL SEA TURTLE (ERETMOCHELYS IMBRICATA) 5-YEAR REVIEW: SUMMARY AND EVALUATION
08/23/2007 Hawksbill sea turtle 5-yr review

» Critical Habitat

Date Citation Page Title Document Type Status
03/23/1999 64 FR 14052 14077 (NOAA/NMFS) Endangered and Threatened Species; Regulations Consolidation; Final Rule Final Rule Final designated
09/02/1998 63 FR 46693 46701 Designated Critical Habitat; Green and Hawksbill Sea Turtles Final Rule Not Required
06/24/1982 47 FR 27295 27298 ETWP; Determination of Critical Habitat for Hawksbill Sea Turtle in Puerto Rico Final Rule Not Required
10/22/1980 45 FR 70198 70201 ETWP; Proposed Determination of Critical Habitat for Hawksbill Sea Turtle in Puerto Rico Proposed Rule Not Required
05/24/1978 43 FR 22224 22225 Proposed Determination of Critical Habitat for the Hawksbill Sea Turtle Proposed Rule Not Required

To learn more about critical habitat please see http://ecos.fws.gov/crithab

» Conservation Plans

Habitat Conservation Plans (HCP) (learn more)
HCP Plan Summaries
Culebra Northshore
Escambia County Beaches
Indian River County Sea Turtle
Palmas del Mar Resort
Sage Development Amendment #1
Volusia Beaches
Volusia County

» Petitions

» Life History

No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.

» Other Resources

NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.