Texas Blind salamander (Typhlomolge rathbuni)
Where Listed: WHEREVER FOUND
08/03/2012 -- Texas blind salamanders were first discovered in a flowing artesian well at the San Marcos National Fish Hatchery (now Texas State University - San Marcos)
Eurycea rathbuni (= Typhlomolge rathbuni), the Texas blind salamander, is restricted in its distribution to the Edwards aquifer artesian and recharge zone in the vicinity of San Marcos, Hays County, Texas. It is subterranean but individuals may reach the surface via springs.
- States/US Territories in which the Texas Blind salamander, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur: Texas
- US Counties in which the Texas Blind salamander, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur: View All
- Additional species information
|Status||Date Listed||Lead Region||Where Listed|
|03/11/1967||Southwest Region (Region 2)||Wherever found|
» Federal Register Documents
|03/20/2008||73 FR 14995 14997||5-Year Reviews of 28 Southwestern Species|
|03/11/1967||32 FR 4001||Endangered Species List - 1967|
|02/15/2013||78 FR 11218 11220||Final Environmental Impact Statement and Record of Decision on the Edwards Aquifer Recovery Implementation Program Habitat Conservation Plan for Incidental Take of 11 Species (8 Federally Listed) in 8 Texas Counties|
|Date||Title||Plan Action Status||Plan Status|
|02/14/1996||San Marcos & Comal Springs & Associated Aquatic Ecosystems (Revised) Recovery Plan||View Implementation Progress||Final Revision 1|
|Date||Citation Page||Title||Document Type|
|03/20/2008||73 FR 14995 14997||5-Year Reviews of 28 Southwestern Species||
» Critical Habitat
No critical habitat rules have been published for the Texas Blind salamander.
» Conservation Plans
|HCP Plan Summaries|
|Edwards Aquifer Authority Recovery Implementation Program / EARIP|
» Life History
Difficult to see this species in the wild. However, several are on display at the Texas River Center near Spring Lake, In San Marcos.
» Other Resources
NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.
ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.
FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.