Puerto Rican Crested toad (Peltophryne lemur)
Where Listed: WHEREVER FOUND
The PRCT adult is a medium-size toad ranging from 64 to 120 millimeters (2.5 to 4.5 inches) in snout-vent length, of singular aspect, owing to the extraordinary development of the bony crest of the cranium and large size of its eyes. The species has beautiful jewel-like eyes due to the iris is color metallic gold to brassy sprinkled with black. The muzzle is short and very much flattened, projecting much beyond the mouth. The upper lip expanded horizontally as a bony crest several millimeters wide and upturned. The loreal region is very deep (figure1) and the eyes may sunk deep in a large squarish socket. The canthus rostralis is concave and very close together. The supraorbital crest originates on the canthus rostralis extending backward in an elevated arch to behind the eye, from which point a similarly high supratympanic crest projects backward, ending in a rounded knob (figure 1). It is angulated posteriorly, joining the almost equally developed supratympanic ridge. The supraorbital crests height is about 7 mm. above the interorbital space and 3mm above the eyelid, and descending steeply to the loreal region. From the supraorbital crest a lower anteorbital ridge and a higher postorbital crest descend toward the edge of the upper jaw, joining there the high supralabial crest, which extends from below the nostril to the juncture with the postorbital crest (Figure1). From the inner side of the supraorbital crest a low parietal spur proceeds obliquely toward the occiput, not as a continuous crest, but broken up into several ridges and knobs. The crown of the head is thus a deep basin, widened above the tympana, and obstructed by a cross-elevation in front (figure 1). The head has a dermo-osseous coating, a distinctive character of the genus Peltophryne (Pregill 1981c). Tympanum is vertically oval, its horizontal diameter scarcely one-half the width of the eye. Parotoid glands are broad, oval, descending obliquely downward behind the ear. In this species, parotoid glands are not of very distinct outline as it are densely covered like the remainder of the upper surfaces of the body and limbs, with numerous large sub-round tubercles or conical warts, each one with blackish ends. The back and sides are covered with numerous conical warts like those on parotoid glands. The species has one blunt spine on the middle of the lower back cover with smaller conical warts. Whole lower surface “abdomen” is flattered studded with small tubercles, with acute points. The upper surface of hands and feet is nearly smooth. Feet rather short, with small tubercles, and only one remarkably weak metatarsal tubercle, the inner. First finger is slightly shorter than second. Toes are less than one-half webbed. It have strong dermal margin with single and conical tubercles under the digital articulations. Toes also show two well-developed metatarsal tubercle and a strong fold on distal half of tarsus, with strong corneous ridge on the inner margin of the tarsus. The heel reaches the middle of the parotoid. The species has a large gland near outer edge of tibia.
- States/US Territories in which the Puerto Rican Crested toad, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur: Puerto Rico
- US Counties in which the Puerto Rican Crested toad, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur: View All
- Countries in which the the Puerto Rican Crested toad, Wherever found is known to occur: British Virgin Islands
|Status||Date Listed||Lead Region||Where Listed|
|08/04/1987||Southeast Region (Region 4)||Wherever found|
» Federal Register Documents
|12/23/1986||51 FR 45923||Proposed Thr. Status for Puerto Rican Crested Toad; 51 FR 45923|
|12/30/1982||47 FR 58454 58460||Review of Vertebrate Wildlife for Listing as End. or Thr. Species|
|07/05/1985||50 FR 27637||Findings on 2 Petitions & Review of 3 Species; 50 FR 27637|
|08/20/1986||51 FR 29671 29673||Findings on Petitions & Initiation of Status Reviews; 51 FR 29671-29673|
|08/04/1987||52 FR 28828 28831||Determination of Thr. Status for Puerto Rican Crested Toad; 52 FR 28828- 28831|
|09/21/2007||72 FR 54061 54062||5-Year Review of 18 Caribbean Species|
|Date||Title||Plan Action Status||Plan Status|
|08/07/1992||Recovery Plan Puerto Rican Crested Toad||View Implementation Progress||Final|
|Date||Citation Page||Title||Document Type|
|09/21/2007||72 FR 54061 54062||5-Year Review of 18 Caribbean Species||
|06/21/2016||Puerto Rican Crested Toad (Peltophryne lemur) 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation|
» Critical Habitat
No critical habitat rules have been published for the Puerto Rican Crested toad.
» Conservation Plans
No conservation plans have been created for Puerto Rican Crested toad.
» Life History
No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.
» Other Resources
NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.
ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.
FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.