arroyo toad (Anaxyrus californicus)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:   

Where Listed: WHEREVER FOUND

General Information

The Arroyo Toad is a relatively small (2-3 inches snout-vent length) toad. Its coloration ranges from olive green or gray to light brown. It can be distinguished from other toads by non-paired, symmetrical dorsal blotches, bicolored parotid glands that are dark posteriorly and light anteriorly as well as a light spot on the sacral humps. A prominent white "v-shaped" stripe crosses the top of the head between the eyes. It lacks a middorsal stripe. The belly is buff-white and often lacks spots. Locomotion is generally in the form of hopping as opposed to walking or taking large jumps.

  • States/US Territories in which the arroyo toad, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur:  California
  • US Counties in which the arroyo toad, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
  • Countries in which the the arroyo toad, Wherever found is known to occur:  Mexico
 
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
1994-12-16 California/Nevada Region (Region 8) Wherever found

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents
Date Citation Page Title
2010-05-21 00:00:00.0 75 FR 28636 28642 Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 34 Species in California and Nevada; Availability of 96 Completed 5-Year Reviews in California and Nevada
2005-04-13 00:00:00.0 70 FR 19562 19633 ETWP; Final Designation of Critical Habitat for the Arroyo Toad (Bufo californicus); Final Rule
2005-02-04 00:00:00.0 70 FR 7459 7467 Proposed Designation of Critical Habitat for the Arroyo Toad (Bufo californicus; revisions to proposed critical habitat, reopening of public comment period, and notice of availability of draft economic analysis.
2014-10-17 00:00:00.0 79 FR 62408 62409 Reopening of Comment Period: 12-Month Finding on a Petition To Downlist the Arroyo Toad, and a Proposed Rule To Reclassify the Arroyo Toad as Threatened
2008-03-05 00:00:00.0 73 FR 11945 11950 Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 58 Species in California and Nevada; Availability of Completed 5-Year Reviews in California, Nevada and Southern Oregon
2015-12-23 00:00:00.0 80 FR 79805 79816 Withdrawal of Proposed Rule To Reclassify the Arroyo Toad as Threatened
2011-02-09 00:00:00.0 76 FR 7245 7467 Revised Critical Habitat for the Arroyo Toad: Final rule
2000-11-09 00:00:00.0 65 FR 67334 67335 Reopening of Comment Period and Notice of Availability of Draft Economic Analysis for Proposed Critical Habitat Determination for the Arroyo Southwestern Toad
2009-10-13 00:00:00.0 74 FR 52612 52664 Revised Critical Habitat for the Arroyo Toad (Anaxyrus californicus):Proposed rule.
1993-08-03 00:00:00.0 58 FR 41231 41237 ETWP; Proposed Endangered Status for the Arroyo Southwestern Toad
2004-06-04 00:00:00.0 69 FR 31632 31635 Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement/Environmental Impact Report for an Incidental Take Permit for the Multiple Habitat Consrevation Program, Carlsbad, CA
2001-03-07 00:00:00.0 66 FR 13656 13671 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants: Final Designation of Critical Habitat for the Arroyo Toad; Correction
1998-05-06 00:00:00.0 63 FR 25062 25063 Availability of Draft Recovery Plan for the Arroyo Southwestern Toad for Review and Comment
2014-03-27 00:00:00.0 79 FR 17106 17125 12-Month Finding on a Petition To Downlist the Arroyo Toad (Anaxyrus californicus), and a Proposed Rule To Reclassify the Arroyo Toad as Threatened
2012-06-04 00:00:00.0 77 FR 32922 32927 90-Day Finding on a Petition To Delist or Reclassify From Endangered to Threatened Six California Species; Initiation of Status Reviews
2005-03-14 00:00:00.0 70 FR 12497 12498 Preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement for the North County Multiple Species Conservation Program, San Diego, CA
2005-01-10 00:00:00.0 70 FR 1737 1738 Notice of Intent to Scope for the Preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Issuance of an Incidental Take Permit Associated with the Agua Calliente Band of Cahuilla Indians Habitat Conservation Plan, Riverside County, CA
2001-02-07 00:00:00.0 66 FR 9414 9474 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants Final Designation of Critical Habitat for the Arroyo Toad
2000-06-08 00:00:00.0 65 FR 36512 36548 Proposed Designation of Critical Habitat for the Arroyo Southwestern Toad; Proposed Rule
1994-12-16 00:00:00.0 59 FR 64859 64867 ETWP; Determination of Endangered Status for the Arroyo Southwestern Toad

» Recovery

Current Recovery Plan(s)
Date Title Plan Action Status Plan Status
1999-07-24 Arroyo Southwestern Toad (Bufo microscaphus californicus) Recovery Plan View Implementation Progress Final
Other Recovery Documents
Date Citation Page Title Document Type
2008-03-05 73 FR 11945 11950 Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 58 Species in California and Nevada; Availability of Completed 5-Year Reviews in California, Nevada and Southern Oregon
  • Notice 5-year Review, Initiation
2010-05-21 75 FR 28636 28642 Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 34 Species in California and Nevada; Availability of 96 Completed 5-Year Reviews in California and Nevada
  • Notice 5-year Review, Completion
1998-05-06 63 FR 25062 25063 Availability of Draft Recovery Plan for the Arroyo Southwestern Toad for Review and Comment
  • Notice Draft Recovery Plan Availability
Five Year Review
Date Title
2009-08-17 Arroyo Toad completed 5-Yr Review

» Critical Habitat

Date Citation Page Title Document Type Status
2011-02-09 76 FR 7245 7467 Revised Critical Habitat for the Arroyo Toad: Final rule Final Rule Final designated
2009-10-13 74 FR 52612 52664 Revised Critical Habitat for the Arroyo Toad (Anaxyrus californicus):Proposed rule. Proposed Rule Not Required
2005-04-13 70 FR 19562 19633 ETWP; Final Designation of Critical Habitat for the Arroyo Toad (Bufo californicus); Final Rule Final Rule Not Required
2001-03-07 66 FR 13656 13671 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants: Final Designation of Critical Habitat for the Arroyo Toad; Correction Final Rule Not Required
2001-02-07 66 FR 9414 9474 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants Final Designation of Critical Habitat for the Arroyo Toad Final Rule Not Required
2000-06-08 65 FR 36512 36548 Proposed Designation of Critical Habitat for the Arroyo Southwestern Toad; Proposed Rule Proposed Rule Not Required

To learn more about critical habitat please see http://ecos.fws.gov/crithab

» Conservation Plans

Habitat Conservation Plans (HCP) (learn more)
HCP Plan Summaries
Coachella Valley Multi-Species HCP
MHCP, City of Carlsbad Habitat Management Plan
MSCP, City of Chula Vista Subarea Plan
MSCP, City of La Mesa Subarea Plan
MSCP, City of Poway Subarea Plan
MSCP, City of San Diego Subarea Plan
MSCP, County of San Diego Subarea Plan
Orange County Central/Coastal NCCP/HCP
Orange County Southern Subregion NCCP/HCP
San Diego County Water Authority Subregional NCCP/HCP
San Diego Gas & Electric
Western Riverside MSHCP (One permit w/ 22 permittees)

» Petitions

» Life History

No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.

» Other Resources

NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.