Fountain darter (Etheostoma fonticola)
Where Listed: WHEREVER FOUND
The fountain darters is among the smallest of the darters. Adults generally range from 19 to 30 mm total length. It is known only from the Comal Springs - River system in New Braunfels and the San Marcos Springs - River system in San Marcos, Texas.
- States/US Territories in which the Fountain darter, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur: Texas
- US Counties in which the Fountain darter, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur: View All
|Status||Date Listed||Lead Region||Where Listed|
|10/13/1970||Southwest Region (Region 2)||Wherever found|
» Federal Register Documents
|03/19/1980||45 FR 17888 17891||ETWP; Proposal of Critical Habitat for Four Species in Texas|
|03/20/2008||73 FR 14995 14997||5-Year Reviews of 28 Southwestern Species|
|07/14/1980||45 FR 47355 47364||ETWP; Listing of the San Marcos Salamander as Threatened, the San Marcos Gambusia as Endangered, and the Listing of Critical Habitat for Texas Wild Rice, San Marcos Salamander, Sam Marcos Gambusia and Fountain Darter|
|10/13/1970||35 FR 16047 16048||Appendix D - United States List of Endangered Native Fish and Wildlife; 35 FR 16047 16048|
|08/25/1970||35 FR 13519 13520||Notice of Proposed Rule Making (Conservation of Endangered Species and Other Fish or Wildlife)|
|07/02/2013||78 FR 39628 39631||Critical Habitat Map for the Fountain Darter|
|02/15/2013||78 FR 11218 11220||Final Environmental Impact Statement and Record of Decision on the Edwards Aquifer Recovery Implementation Program Habitat Conservation Plan for Incidental Take of 11 Species (8 Federally Listed) in 8 Texas Counties|
|Date||Title||Plan Action Status||Plan Status|
|02/14/1996||San Marcos & Comal Springs & Associated Aquatic Ecosystems (Revised) Recovery Plan||View Implementation Progress||Final Revision 1|
|Date||Citation Page||Title||Document Type|
|03/20/2008||73 FR 14995 14997||5-Year Reviews of 28 Southwestern Species||
» Critical Habitat
|Date||Citation Page||Title||Document Type||Status|
|07/14/1980||45 FR 47355 47364||ETWP; Listing of the San Marcos Salamander as Threatened, the San Marcos Gambusia as Endangered, and the Listing of Critical Habitat for Texas Wild Rice, San Marcos Salamander, Sam Marcos Gambusia and Fountain Darter||Final Rule||Final designated|
|03/19/1980||45 FR 17888 17891||ETWP; Proposal of Critical Habitat for Four Species in Texas||Proposed Rule||Not Required|
To learn more about critical habitat please see http://ecos.fws.gov/crithab
» Conservation Plans
|HCP Plan Summaries|
|Edwards Aquifer Authority Recovery Implementation Program / EARIP|
» Life History
Fountain darters are known primarily from spring dominated aquatic habitats dominated by submergent macrophytes and algal mats. Eggs are attached singly to low dense vegetation, typically filamentous algae (Rhizoclonium sp.), creeping primrose-willow (Ludwigia repens)and in the upper San Marcos River on Hydrilla verticillata (Phillips et al 2011, Transactions of AFS).
Fountain darters prey on small microcrustaeans, shifting to slightly larger prey as they grow.
Movement / Home Range
Fountain darters have high site fidelity, moving on average (± SD) 10 ± 17 m during 1 year period (Dammeyer et al 2013 Transactions AFS 142:1049-1057)
Eggs are attached to submergent macrophytes and algae. Swim-up fry are about 4 to 5 mm. Fountain darters mature in about 8 to 12 months, when they attain about 18 - 20 mm total length. Reproduction is year round but productivity appears to be higher in the April - September period.
» Other Resources
NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.
ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.
FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.