Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:    and  

Population detail

The FWS is currently monitoring the following populations of the Chinook salmon 

  • Population location: Sacramento River winter-run ESU - See 50 CFR 224.101

    Listing status:  Endangered

    • USFWS Refuges in which this population is known to occur:  North Central Valley Wildlife Management Area, Sacramento River National Wildlife Refuge, San Joaquin River National Wildlife Refuge
  • Population location: Upper Columbia River spring-run ESU See 50 CFR 224.101

    Listing status:  Endangered

    • States/US Territories in which this population is known to or is believed to occur:  Washington
    • US Counties in which this population is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
    • USFWS Refuges in which this population is known to occur:  Hanford Reach National Monument/Saddle Mountain National Wildlife Refuge, Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian White-Tailed Deer, Lewis and Clark National Wildlife Refuge, Mcnary National Wildlife Refuge, Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge
  • Population location: California Coastal ESU - See 50 CFR 223.102

    Listing status:  Threatened

    • States/US Territories in which this population is known to or is believed to occur:  California
    • US Counties in which this population is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
    • USFWS Refuges in which this population is known to occur:  Castle Rock National Wildlife Refuge, Humboldt Bay National Wildlife Refuge
  • Population location: Central Valley spring-run ESU See 50 CFR 223.102

    Listing status:  Threatened

    • USFWS Refuges in which this population is known to occur:  Butte Sink Wildlife Management Area, North Central Valley Wildlife Management Area, Sacramento River National Wildlife Refuge, Sutter National Wildlife Refuge
  • Population location: Upper Willamette River ESU See 50 CFR 223.102

    Listing status:  Threatened

    • States/US Territories in which this population is known to or is believed to occur:  Oregon
    • US Counties in which this population is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
    • USFWS Refuges in which this population is known to occur:  Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian White-Tailed Deer, Lewis and Clark National Wildlife Refuge, William L. Finley National Wildlife Refuge
  • Population location: Lower Columbia River ESU See 50 CFR 223.102

    Listing status:  Threatened

    • States/US Territories in which this population is known to or is believed to occur:  Oregon , Washington
    • US Counties in which this population is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
    • USFWS Refuges in which this population is known to occur:  Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian White-Tailed Deer, Lewis and Clark National Wildlife Refuge, Pierce National Wildlife Refuge, Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge, Steigerwald Lake National Wildlife Refuge
  • Population location: Snake River fall-run ESU See 50 CFR 223.102

    Listing status:  Threatened

    • States/US Territories in which this population is known to or is believed to occur:  Oregon , Washington
    • US Counties in which this population is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
    • USFWS Refuges in which this population is known to occur:  Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian White-Tailed Deer, Lewis and Clark National Wildlife Refuge, Mcnary National Wildlife Refuge, Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge
  • Population location: Snake River spring/summer-run ESU See 50 CFR 223.102

    Listing status:  Threatened

    • States/US Territories in which this population is known to or is believed to occur:  Oregon , Washington
    • US Counties in which this population is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
    • USFWS Refuges in which this population is known to occur:  Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian White-Tailed Deer, Lewis and Clark National Wildlife Refuge, Mcnary National Wildlife Refuge, Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge
  • Population location: Puget Sound ESU See 50 CFR 223.102

    Listing status:  Threatened

    • States/US Territories in which this population is known to or is believed to occur:  Washington
    • US Counties in which this population is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
    • USFWS Refuges in which this population is known to occur:  Billy Frank Jr. Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge
 
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
1990-04-06 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) Sacramento River winter-run ESU - See 50 CFR 224.101
1999-08-02 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) Upper Columbia River spring-run ESU See 50 CFR 224.101
1999-12-29 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) California Coastal ESU - See 50 CFR 223.102
1999-12-29 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) Central Valley spring-run ESU See 50 CFR 223.102
1999-08-02 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) Upper Willamette River ESU See 50 CFR 223.102
1999-08-02 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) Lower Columbia River ESU See 50 CFR 223.102
1992-04-22 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) Snake River fall-run ESU See 50 CFR 223.102
1992-04-22 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) Snake River spring/summer-run ESU See 50 CFR 223.102
1999-08-02 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) Puget Sound ESU See 50 CFR 223.102

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents
Date Citation Page Title
1991-08-30 00:00:00.0 56 FR 42970 ETWP; Proposed Threatened Status for Snake River Spring/Summer Chinook Salmon and the Snake River Fall Chinook Salmon; 56 FR 42970
1999-03-23 00:00:00.0 64 FR 14052 14077 (NOAA/NMFS) Endangered and Threatened Species; Regulations Consolidation; Final Rule
1993-09-23 00:00:00.0 58 FR 49880 ETWP; Listing of the Snake River Spring/Summer Chinook Salmon and the Snake River Fall Chinook Salmon as Threatened Species
2000-03-15 00:00:00.0 65 FR 13947 13948 Extension of Public Comment Period for Draft Environmental Impact Statement and Application for an Incidental Take Permit for the Tacoma Water Department, Green River Watershed, Habitat Conservation Plan, King County, Washington
2005-09-02 00:00:00.0 70 FR 52488 52627 Designation of Critical Habitat for Seven Evolutionarily Significant Units of Pacific Salmon and Steelhead in California
1994-03-23 00:00:00.0 59 FR 13836 ETWP; Reclassification of the Sacramento River Winter-Run Chinook Salmon From Threatened to Endangered Status
1999-08-02 00:00:00.0 64 FR 41835 41839 ETWP; Listing of Nine Evolutionarily Significant Units of Chinook Salmon, Chum Salmon, Sockeye Salmon, and Steelhead
2000-01-03 00:00:00.0 65 FR 170 196 Proposed Rule Governing Take of Seven Threatened Evolutionarily Significant Units (ESUs); Proposed Rule
2002-03-20 00:00:00.0 67 FR 13005 13006 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Status of the Rio Grande Cutthroat Trout
2003-11-28 00:00:00.0 68 FR 66820 66821 Final Environmental Impact Statement for an Incidental Take Permit Application and Habitat Conservation Plan (Plan), by J.L. Storedahl and Sons, Inc. (Storedahl), Clark County, WA
1990-04-06 00:00:00.0 55 FR 12831 12832 (Emergency) ETWP; Emergency Listing of the Sacramento River Winter-run Chinook Salmon; 55 FR 12831 12832
1999-01-20 00:00:00.0 64 FR 3066 3067 Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement Regarding Proposed Issuance of an Incidental Take Permit to the City of Tacoma, Washington, for Water Storage and Withdrawal and Forest Management in the Green River Watershed, King County, Washington
1999-12-29 00:00:00.0 64 FR 72960 72961 ETWP; Determination of Threatened Status for Two Chinook Salmon Evolutionarily Significant Units (ESUs) in California
2000-09-21 00:00:00.0 65 FR 57170 57171 Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Impact Statement and Habitat Conservation Plan for Incidental Take
1990-04-02 00:00:00.0 55 FR 12191 12193 (Emergency) Species; Critical Habitat; Winter-run Chinook Salmon; 55 FR 12191 12193
1993-06-16 00:00:00.0 58 FR 33212 33219 Designated Critical Habitat; Sacramento River Winter-Run Chinook Salmon
1999-10-25 00:00:00.0 64 FR 57399 57403 Designated Critical Habitat: Revision of Critical Habitat for Snake River Spring/Summer Chinook Salmon
2004-05-17 00:00:00.0 69 FR 27949 27950 Issuance of Permits
2004-12-15 00:00:00.0 69 FR 75045 75046 Notice of Intent to Conduct Public Scoping and Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement
2014-09-04 00:00:00.0 79 FR 52576 52578 Adding 10 Species to the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife
1989-08-04 00:00:00.0 54 FR 32085 32088 ETWP; Endangered and Threatened Species; Critical Habitat; Winter-run Chinook Salmon; 54 FR 32085 32088
2002-11-22 00:00:00.0 67 FR 40708 40709 Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Impact Statement for an Incidental Take Permit Application and Habitat Conservation Plan
1987-02-27 00:00:00.0 52 FR 6041 6048 Notice of Finding Determination of Winter Run Chinook Salmon as End. not Warranted at This Time; 52 FR 6041-6048
1992-12-02 00:00:00.0 57 FR 57051 57056 (NOAA/NMFS) Designated Critical Habitat; Snake River Sockeye Salmon, Snake River Spring/Summer Chinook Salmon and Snake River Fall Chinook Salmon
1993-12-28 00:00:00.0 58 FR 68543 68554 Designated Critical Habitat; Snake River Sockeye Salmon, Snake River Spring/Summer Chinook Salmon, and Snake River Fall Chinook Salmon
1990-03-20 00:00:00.0 55 FR 10260 1026 Endangered and Threatened Species; Winter-run Chinook Salmon; 55 FR 10260 1026
2006-09-26 00:00:00.0 71 FR 56107 56107 Notice of Availability of a Final Record of Decision on the Issuance of Permits
2000-01-03 00:00:00.0 65 FR 108 111 Limitation on Section 9 Protections Applicable to Salmon Listed as Threatened under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), for Actions Under Tribal Resource Management Plans (Tribal Plans)
2011-03-29 00:00:00.0 76 FR 17434 17439 Receipt of Application for an Endangered Species Act Incidental Take Permit
1992-04-22 00:00:00.0 57 FR 14653 14664 Endangered and Threatened Species: Threatened Status for Snake River Spring/Summer Chinook Salmon, Threatened Status for Snake River Fall Chinook Salmon
1991-10-15 00:00:00.0 56 FR 51684 51686 ETWP; Critical Habitat Designation for Snake River Sockeye, Spring/Summer Chinook, and Fall Chinook Salmon; 56 FR 51684 51686
2000-01-31 00:00:00.0 4603 Availability of a Draft Environmental Impact Statement and Receipt of an Application for Incidental Take Permits for the Tacoma Water Department, Green River Watershed, Habitat Conservation Plan, King County, Washington
2001-01-05 00:00:00.0 66 FR 1089 1091 Availability of a Final Environmental Impact Statement for the Tacoma Water Department Habitat Conservation Plan, King County, WA
1994-11-02 00:00:00.0 59 FR 54840 54841 ETWP; Emergency Reclassification of the Snake River Spring/Summer Chinook Salmon and the Snake River Fall Chinook Salmon From Threatened to Endangered Status
1999-12-17 00:00:00.0 64 FR 70695 70697 Availability of a Draft Environmental Impact Statement and Receipt of an Application for an Incidental Take Permit Submitted by Plum Creek Timberlands, L.P., (and its partners Plum Creek Timber Company, Inc. and Plum Creek Timber I L.L.C.), Plum Creek Marketing Inc., Plum Creek Land Company, Plum Creek Northwest Lumber, Inc., Plum Creek Northwest Plywood, Inc., and Plum Creek MDF, Inc., for Lands in Montana, Idaho, and Washington
2003-06-10 00:00:00.0 68 FR 34585 34586 Notice of Intent to Conduct Public Scoping and Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement Related to the King County , WA, Habitat Conservation Plan
2005-07-25 00:00:00.0 70 FR 42533 42535 Notice of Intent to Conduct Public Scoping Meetings and to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement Related to the Family Forest Habitat Conservation Plan
1990-11-30 00:00:00.0 55 FR 49623 ETWP; Listing of the Sacramento River Winter-run Chinook Salmon as Threatened; 55 FR 49623
2008-03-05 00:00:00.0 73 FR 11870 11871 Availability of a Draft Environmental Assessment/Habitat Conservation Plan, and Receipt of Applications for Incidental Take Permits from the Broughton Land Company, Columbia County, Washington
2000-07-10 00:00:00.0 65 FR 42422 42481 Endangered and Threatened Species; Final Rule Governing Take of 14 Threatened Salmon and Steelhead Evolutionarily Significant Units (ESUs)
2014-07-23 00:00:00.0 79 FR 42687 42696 Marine and Anadromous Taxa: Additions, Removal, Updates,and Corrections to the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife
2000-02-16 00:00:00.0 65 FR 7764 7787 (NOAA/NMFS) Designated Critical Habitat: Critical Habitat for 19 Evolutionarily Significant Units of Salmon and Steelhead in Washington, Oregon, Idaho, and California
1991-06-27 00:00:00.0 56 FR 29542 29547 ETWP; Proposed Threatened Status for Snake River Spring and Summer Chinook Salmon; 56 FR 29542 29547
Special Rule Publications
Date Citation Page Title
2000-01-03 00:00:00.0 65 FR 170 196 Proposed Rule Governing Take of Seven Threatened Evolutionarily Significant Units (ESUs); Proposed Rule
2000-07-10 00:00:00.0 65 FR 42422 42481 Endangered and Threatened Species; Final Rule Governing Take of 14 Threatened Salmon and Steelhead Evolutionarily Significant Units (ESUs)

» Recovery

No recovery information is available for the Chinook salmon.

» Critical Habitat

Date Citation Page Title Document Type Status
2005-09-02 70 FR 52488 52627 Designation of Critical Habitat for Seven Evolutionarily Significant Units of Pacific Salmon and Steelhead in California Final Rule Final designated
2000-02-16 65 FR 7764 7787 (NOAA/NMFS) Designated Critical Habitat: Critical Habitat for 19 Evolutionarily Significant Units of Salmon and Steelhead in Washington, Oregon, Idaho, and California Final Rule Final designated
1999-10-25 64 FR 57399 57403 Designated Critical Habitat: Revision of Critical Habitat for Snake River Spring/Summer Chinook Salmon Final Rule Final designated
1999-03-23 64 FR 14052 14077 (NOAA/NMFS) Endangered and Threatened Species; Regulations Consolidation; Final Rule Final Rule Final designated
1993-12-28 58 FR 68543 68554 Designated Critical Habitat; Snake River Sockeye Salmon, Snake River Spring/Summer Chinook Salmon, and Snake River Fall Chinook Salmon Final Rule Not Required
1993-06-16 58 FR 33212 33219 Designated Critical Habitat; Sacramento River Winter-Run Chinook Salmon Final Rule Not Required
1992-12-02 57 FR 57051 57056 (NOAA/NMFS) Designated Critical Habitat; Snake River Sockeye Salmon, Snake River Spring/Summer Chinook Salmon and Snake River Fall Chinook Salmon Proposed Rule Not Required
1991-10-15 56 FR 51684 51686 ETWP; Critical Habitat Designation for Snake River Sockeye, Spring/Summer Chinook, and Fall Chinook Salmon; 56 FR 51684 51686 Final Rule Not Required
1990-04-02 55 FR 12191 12193 (Emergency) Species; Critical Habitat; Winter-run Chinook Salmon; 55 FR 12191 12193 Emergency Rule (temporary for 240 days) Not Required
1989-08-04 54 FR 32085 32088 ETWP; Endangered and Threatened Species; Critical Habitat; Winter-run Chinook Salmon; 54 FR 32085 32088 Emergency Rule (temporary for 240 days) Not Required

To learn more about critical habitat please see http://ecos.fws.gov/crithab

» Conservation Plans

Habitat Conservation Plans (HCP) (learn more)
HCP Plan Summaries
Broughton Land Company
Cedar River Watershed HCP
City of Kent Clark Springs Water Supply
City of Tacoma, Tacoma Water HCP
Simpson Timber NW Operations (Green Diamond Resource Company)
Storedahl's Daybreak Mine Expansion and Habitat Enhancement Project HCP
WDNR Forest Practices HCP

» Petitions

» Life History

No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.

» Other Resources

NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.