Cumberland monkeyface (Quadrula intermedia)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:    and  

Population detail

The FWS is currently monitoring the following populations of the Cumberland monkeyface 

  • Population location: Wherever found; Except where listed as Experimental Populations

    Listing status:  Endangered

    • States/US Territories in which this population is known to or is believed to occur:  Alabama , Tennessee , Virginia
    • US Counties in which this population is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
  • Population location: U.S.A. (TN - specified portions of the French Broad and Holston Rivers; see 17.85(b)(1))

    Listing status:  Experimental Population, Non-Essential

  • Population location: U.S.A. (AL;The free-flowing reach of the Tennessee R. from the base of Wilson Dam downstream to the backwaters of Pickwick Reservoir [about 12 RM (19 km)] and the lower 5 RM [8 km] of all tributaries to this reach in Colbert and Lauderdale Cos., see 17.85(a))

    Listing status:  Experimental Population, Non-Essential

    • States/US Territories in which this population is known to or is believed to occur:  Alabama
    • US Counties in which this population is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
 
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
06/14/1976 Southeast Region (Region 4) Wherever found; Except where listed as Experimental Populations
10/15/2007 Southeast Region (Region 4) U.S.A. (TN - specified portions of the French Broad and Holston Rivers; see 17.85(b)(1))
06/14/2001 Southeast Region (Region 4) U.S.A. (AL;The free-flowing reach of the Tennessee R. from the base of Wilson Dam downstream to the backwaters of Pickwick Reservoir [about 12 RM (19 km)] and the lower 5 RM [8 km] of all tributaries to this reach in Colbert and Lauderdale Cos., see 17.85(a))

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents
Date Citation Page Title
05/27/1999 64 FR 28779 28791 ETWP; Proposed Establishment of Nonessential Experimental Population Status for Sixteen Freshwater Mussels (Alabama
06/13/2006 71 FR 34196 34230 Establishment of Nonessential Experimental Population Status for 15 Freshwater Mussels, 1 Freshwater Snail, and 5 Fishes in the Lower French Broad River and in the Lower Holston River, Tennessee; Proposed Rule
09/26/1975 40 FR 44392 44333 CITES: Proposed Endangered Status for 216 Species on Convention Appendix I; 40 FR 44392 44333
06/14/1976 41 FR 24062 24067 Endangered Status for 159 Taxa of Animals; 41 FR 24062 24067
08/21/2001 66 FR 43808 43809 ETWP; Establishment of Nonessential Experimental Population Status for 16 Freshwater Mussels and 1 Freshwater Snail (Anthony's Riversnail) in the Free-Flowing Reach of the Tennessee River below the Wilson Dam, Colbert and Lauderdale Counties, AL; Correction
09/13/2007 72 FR 52434 52461 Establishment of Nonessential Experimental Population Status for 15 Freshwater Mussels, 1 Freshwater Snail, and 5 Fishes in the Lower French Broad River and in the Lower Holston River, Tennessee
06/14/2001 66 FR 32250 32264 ETWP; Establishment of Nonessential Experimental Population Status for 16 Freshwater Mussels and 1 Freshwater Snail (Anthony's Riversnail) in the Free-Flowing Reach of the Tennessee River below the Wilson Dam, Colbert and Lauderdale Counties, AL
Special Rule Publications
Date Citation Page Title
06/14/2001 66 FR 32250 32264 ETWP; Establishment of Nonessential Experimental Population Status for 16 Freshwater Mussels and 1 Freshwater Snail (Anthony's Riversnail) in the Free-Flowing Reach of the Tennessee River below the Wilson Dam, Colbert and Lauderdale Counties, AL
05/27/1999 64 FR 28779 28791 ETWP; Proposed Establishment of Nonessential Experimental Population Status for Sixteen Freshwater Mussels (Alabama

» Recovery

Current Recovery Plan(s)
Date Title Plan Action Status Plan Status
07/09/1984 Cumberland Monkeyface Pearly Mussel View Implementation Progress Final
Five Year Review
Date Title
07/28/2011 Cumberland Monkeyface (Quadrula intermedia) 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation

» Critical Habitat

No critical habitat rules have been published for the Cumberland monkeyface.

» Conservation Plans

No conservation plans have been created for Cumberland monkeyface.

» Petitions

» Life History

Habitat Requirements

Relatively silt-free substrates of sand, gravel, and cobble in good flows of smaller streams.

Food Habits

Suspension feeder on plankton; deposit feeder on bacteria and organic matter in substrate.

Movement / Home Range

Sedentary.

Reproductive Strategy

Separate sexes, males releasing sperm to water column, where females uptake while filter-feeding/respiring. A short-term brooder, meaning spawning season lasts a few weeks typically in late spring to summer. Specialized larvae termed glochidia brooded in females gills; glochidia require host fish for several week parasitic stage on gills. Cyprinids serve as fishes, which females attract by releasong conglutinates, aggregates of glochidia packaged in a mucilagenous matrix, that typically resemble fish prey.

» Other Resources

NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.