Heavy pigtoe (Pleurobema taitianum)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:   

Where Listed: WHEREVER FOUND

General Information

The heavy pigtoe is a bivalve mollusk about 50 mm long. 45 mm high, and 30 mm wide. The shell is brown to brownish-black, obliquely triangular, and inflated, with narrowly pointed beaks directed forward, a very shallow but distinct furrow, pink-tinted nacre, and shallow beak cavities (Stansbery 1983a. Simpson 1914).

  • States/US Territories in which the Heavy pigtoe, Entire is known to or is believed to occur:  Alabama
  • US Counties in which the Heavy pigtoe, Entire is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
 
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
04/07/1987 Southeast Region (Region 4) Entire

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents
Date Citation Page Title
04/07/1987 52 FR 11162 11169 End. Status for Marshall's Mussel (Pleurobema marshalii), Curtus' Mussel (Pleurobema curtum), Judge Tait's Mussel (Pleurobema taitianum), Stirrup Shell (Quadrual stapes), & Penitent Mussel (Epioblasma (=Dysnomia) penita); 52 FR 11162-11169
04/06/1986 51 FR 11761 11768 Proposed End. Status for 5 Mississippi & Alabama Clams; 51 FR 11761-11768
09/08/2006 71 FR 53127 53129 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; 5-Year Review of 14 Southeastern Species
03/25/2014 79 FR 16366 16368 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; 5-Year Status Reviews of 33 Southeastern Species

» Recovery

Current Recovery Plan(s)
Date Title Plan Action Status Plan Status
11/14/1989 Tombigbee Mussels (5 spp.) View Implementation Progress Final
Other Recovery Documents
Date Citation Page Title Document Type
03/25/2014 79 FR 16366 16368 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; 5-Year Status Reviews of 33 Southeastern Species
  • Notice 5-year Review, Initiation
09/08/2006 71 FR 53127 53129 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; 5-Year Review of 14 Southeastern Species
  • Notice 5-year Review, Initiation
Five Year Review
Date Title
09/08/2015 Heavy Pigtoe (Judge Tait?s Mussel) (Pleurobema taitianum) 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation
04/27/2009 Tombigbee RIver Mussels 5-Year Review

» Critical Habitat

No critical habitat rules have been published for the Heavy pigtoe.

» Conservation Plans

No conservation plans have been created for Heavy pigtoe.

» Petitions

» Life History

Movement / Home Range

The heavy pigtoe was historically found in the Tombigbee River from the mouth of Tibbee Creek near Columbus. Mississippi, to Demopolis. Alabama; the Alabama River at Claiborne and Selma, Alabama; the lower Cahaba River, Alabama; and possibly the Coosa River, Alabama (Stansbery 1983a, Williams 1982). Several shells from recently dead specimens were found at one location on the Buttahatchie River. a tributary of the Tombigbee, in Mississippi [Schultz 1981]. This species has also been reported from the East Fork Tombigbee River (Schultz 1981) and from the Sipsey River, Alabama. Only four sites with suitable habitat remain: these consist of localities in a bendway of the Tombigbee River, Sumter County, .Alabama; the East Fork Tombigbee River. Mississippi: the Buttahatchie River, Mississippi; and the Sipsey River, Pickens and Greene Counties, Alabama.

» Other Resources

NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.