Rayed Bean (Villosa fabalis)
Where Listed: WHEREVER FOUND
The rayed bean is a small mussel, usually less than 1.5 inches (in) (3.8 centimeters (cm)) in length (Cummings and Mayer 1992, p. 142; Parmalee and Bogan 1998, p. 244; West et al. 2000, p. 248). The shell outline is elongate or ovate in males and elliptical in females, and moderately inflated in both sexes, but more so in females (Parmalee and Bogan 1998, p. 244). The valves are thick and solid. The anterior end is rounded in females and bluntly pointed in males (Cummings and Mayer 1992, p. 142). Females are generally smaller than males (Parmalee and Bogan 1998, p. 244). Dorsally, the shell margin is straight, while the ventral margin is straight to slightly curved (Cummings and Mayer 1992, p. 142). The beaks are slightly elevated above the hingeline (West et al. 2000, p. 248), with sculpture consisting of double loops with some nodules (Parmalee and Bogan 1998, p. 244). No posterior ridge is evident. Surface texture is smooth and sub-shiny, and green, yellowish-green, or brown in color, with numerous, wavy, dark-green rays of various widths (sometimes obscure in older, blackened specimens) (Cummings and Mayer 1992, p. 142; West et al. 2000, p. 248). Internally, the left valve has two pseudocardinal teeth (tooth-like structures along the hingeline of the internal portion of the shell) that are triangular, relatively heavy, and large, and two short, heavy lateral teeth (Cummings and Mayer 1992, p. 142). The right valve has a low, triangular pseudocardinal tooth, with possibly smaller secondary teeth anteriorly and posteriorly, and a short, heavy, and somewhat elevated lateral tooth (Parmalee and Bogan 1998, p. 244). The color of the nacre (mother-of-pearl) is silvery white or bluish and iridescent posteriorly. Key characters useful for distinguishing the rayed bean from other mussels are its small size, thick valves, unusually heavy teeth for a small mussel, and color pattern (Cummings and Mayer 1992, p. 142).
- States/US Territories in which the Rayed Bean is known to or is believed to occur: Indiana , Michigan , New York , Ohio , Pennsylvania
- US Counties in which the Rayed Bean is known to or is believed to occur: View All
- USFWS Refuges in which the Rayed Bean is known to occur:
Erie National Wildlife Refuge
- Countries in which the the Rayed Bean is known to occur: Canada
|Status||Date Listed||Lead Region||Where Listed|
|03/15/2012||Great Lakes-Big Rivers Region (Region 3)|
» Federal Register Documents
No recovery information is available for the Rayed Bean.
» Critical Habitat
No critical habitat rules have been published for the Rayed Bean.
» Conservation Plans
No conservation plans have been created for Rayed Bean.
» Life History
No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.
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