Upland combshell (Epioblasma metastriata)
Where Listed: WHEREVER FOUND
The historical range of the upland combshell included portions of the Black Warrior, Cahaba, and Coosa Rivers of the Mobile River Basin and some of their tributaries in Alabama, Georgia, and Tennessee. The most recent records for the upland combshell were from the Conasauga River, Georgia, in 1988, and from the Cahaba River, Alabama, in the early 1970s (58 FR 14330). When listed, the species was believed to be restricted to the Conasauga River in Georgia, and possibly portions of the upper Black Warrior and Cahaba River drainages. Surveys of Coosa River tributaries have since been conducted by Service biologists, as well as Bogan and Pierson (1993a), Evans (2001), Gangloff (2003), Johnson and Evans (2000), Pierson (1993, pers. comm. 1994), Williams and Hughes (1998), and others. Surveys of the Cahaba River have been conducted by Service biologists, Bogan and Pierson (1993b), McGregor et al. (2000), Shepard et al. (1994), and others. Surveys in the upper Black Warrior drainage have been done by Service biologists, Alabama Malacological Research Center, (in litt. 1996), Sheppard et al. (1998), Vittor and Associates (1993), Warren and Haag (1994, 2003), and others. However, these surveys have failed to locate any evidence of the persistence of the upland combshell, and some authors presume the species extinct (Evans 2001, Gangloff 2003, Williams et al. in press). Considered extinct by many experts
- States/US Territories in which the Upland combshell, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur: Alabama , Tennessee
- US Counties in which the Upland combshell, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur: View All
|Status||Date Listed||Lead Region||Where Listed|
|1993-03-17||Southeast Region (Region 4)||Wherever found|
» Federal Register Documents
|Date||Title||Plan Action Status||Plan Status|
|2000-11-17||Recovery Plan for the Mobile River Basin (15 species)||View Implementation Progress||Final|
|Date||Citation Page||Title||Document Type|
|1998-06-29||63 FR 35277 35278||Notice a Availability of a Revised Draft Recovery Plan for the Mobile River Basin Aquatic Ecosystem for Review and Comment||
|2005-06-14||70 FR 34492 34494||Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 25 Southeastern Species||
|2014-09-23||79 FR 56821 56823||5-Year Status Reviews of 27 Southeastern Species; Notice of initiation of reviews; request for information||
|2008-04-07||11 Southeastern mussels 5-year review|
» Critical Habitat
|Date||Citation Page||Title||Document Type||Status|
|2004-07-01||69 FR 40084 40171||Designation of Critical Habitat for Three Threatened Mussels and Eight Endangered Mussels in the Mobile River Basin Mussels in Mobile River Basin, AL||Final Rule||Final designated|
|2003-03-26||68 FR 14752 14832||Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Proposed Designation of Critical Habitat for Three Threatened Mussels and Eight Endangered Mussels in the Mobile River Basin; Proposed Rule||Proposed Rule||Not Required|
To learn more about critical habitat please see http://ecos.fws.gov/crithab
» Conservation Plans
No conservation plans have been created for Upland combshell.
» Life History
No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.
» Other Resources
NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.
ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.
FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.