Southern clubshell (Pleurobema decisum)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:   

Where Listed: WHEREVER FOUND

General Information

When listed, the southern clubshell was known to survive in 5 stream and river drainages. Currently, the species is known to survive in 16 stream drainages, including the East Fork Tombigbee River (Itawamba/Monroe County, Mississippi), Bull Mountain Creek (Itawamba County, Mississippi), Buttahatchee River (Monroe/Lowndes County, Mississippi), Luxapalila and Yellow Creeks (Lowndes County, Mississippi), Lubbub Creek (Pickens County, Alabama), and Sipsey River (Greene/Pickens/Tuscaloosa County, Alabama) in the Tombigbee drainage; a short reach of the Alabama River and Bogue Chitto Creek (Dallas County, Alabama); Chewacla Creek (Macon County, Alabama) in the Tallapoosa drainage; Coosa River (Dead River) below Weiss Dam (Cherokee County, Alabama), Coosa River below Logan Martin Dam (St. Clair/Talladega Counties, Alabama), and tributaries Yellowleaf Creek (Shelby County, Alabama), Big Canoe Creek (St. Clair County, Alabama), Terrapin Creek (Cherokee County, Alabama), and Conasauga River (Murray/Whitfield County, Georgia) (Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources/U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service collection records, 1998, 1999, 2004; Devris, 1997; Evans, 2001; Feminella and Gangloff, 2000; Gangloff, 2003; Gangloff, 2005; Hartfield and Bowker, 1992; Hartfield and Jones, 1989, 1990; Herod et al., 2001; Jones, 1991; Jones and Majure, 1999; McGregor, 1993, 1999; McGregor et al., 1996; Miller, 2000; Miller and Hartfield, 1988; Pierson, 1991a, b; Yokley, 2001).

  • States/US Territories in which the Southern clubshell, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur:  Alabama , Georgia , Mississippi
  • US Counties in which the Southern clubshell, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
 
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
03/17/1993 Southeast Region (Region 4) Wherever found

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents
Date Citation Page Title
06/29/1998 63 FR 35277 35278 Notice a Availability of a Revised Draft Recovery Plan for the Mobile River Basin Aquatic Ecosystem for Review and Comment
03/26/2003 68 FR 14752 14832 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Proposed Designation of Critical Habitat for Three Threatened Mussels and Eight Endangered Mussels in the Mobile River Basin; Proposed Rule
11/19/1991 56 FR 58339 58348 ETWP; Proposed Endangered Status for Eight Freshwater Mussels and Proposed Threatened Status for Three Freshwater Mussels in the Mobile River Drainage; 56 FR 58339 58348
07/01/2004 69 FR 40084 40171 Designation of Critical Habitat for Three Threatened Mussels and Eight Endangered Mussels in the Mobile River Basin Mussels in Mobile River Basin, AL
06/14/2005 70 FR 34492 34494 Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 25 Southeastern Species
09/23/2014 79 FR 56821 56823 5-Year Status Reviews of 27 Southeastern Species; Notice of initiation of reviews; request for information
03/17/1993 58 FR 14330 14340 Endangered Status for Eight Freshwater Mussels and Threatened Status for Three Freshwater Mussels in the Mobil River Drainage

» Recovery

Current Recovery Plan(s)
Date Title Plan Action Status Plan Status
11/17/2000 Recovery Plan for the Mobile River Basin (15 species) View Implementation Progress Final
Other Recovery Documents
Date Citation Page Title Document Type
06/29/1998 63 FR 35277 35278 Notice a Availability of a Revised Draft Recovery Plan for the Mobile River Basin Aquatic Ecosystem for Review and Comment
  • Notice Recovery Plan Avail.
06/14/2005 70 FR 34492 34494 Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 25 Southeastern Species
  • Notice 5-year Review, Initiation
09/23/2014 79 FR 56821 56823 5-Year Status Reviews of 27 Southeastern Species; Notice of initiation of reviews; request for information
  • Notice 5-year Review, Initiation
Five Year Review
Date Title
04/07/2008 11 Southeastern mussels 5-year review

» Critical Habitat

Date Citation Page Title Document Type Status
07/01/2004 69 FR 40084 40171 Designation of Critical Habitat for Three Threatened Mussels and Eight Endangered Mussels in the Mobile River Basin Mussels in Mobile River Basin, AL Final Rule Final designated
03/26/2003 68 FR 14752 14832 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Proposed Designation of Critical Habitat for Three Threatened Mussels and Eight Endangered Mussels in the Mobile River Basin; Proposed Rule Proposed Rule Not Required

To learn more about critical habitat please see http://ecos.fws.gov/crithab

» Conservation Plans

Safe Harbor Agreements (SHA): (learn more)
SHA Plan Summaries
Chewacla Creek SHA

» Petitions

» Life History

Habitat Requirements

All populations are experiencing sediment and water quality problems, and are susceptible to stochastic and chronic events (e.g., spills, drought and/or landuse runoff).

Movement / Home Range

When listed, the southern clubshell was known to survive in 5 stream and river drainages. Currently, the species is known to survive in 16 stream drainages, including the East Fork Tombigbee River (Itawamba/Monroe County, Mississippi), Bull Mountain Creek (Itawamba County, Mississippi), Buttahatchee River (Monroe/Lowndes County, Mississippi), Luxapalila and Yellow Creeks (Lowndes County, Mississippi), Lubbub Creek (Pickens County, Alabama), and Sipsey River (Greene/Pickens/Tuscaloosa County, Alabama) in the Tombigbee drainage; a short reach of the Alabama River and Bogue Chitto Creek (Dallas County, Alabama); Chewacla Creek (Macon County, Alabama) in the Tallapoosa drainage; Coosa River (Dead River) below Weiss Dam (Cherokee County, Alabama), Coosa River below Logan Martin Dam (St. Clair/Talladega Counties, Alabama), and tributaries Yellowleaf Creek (Shelby County, Alabama), Big Canoe Creek (St. Clair County, Alabama), Terrapin Creek (Cherokee County, Alabama), and Conasauga River (Murray/Whitfield County, Georgia) (Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources/U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service collection records, 1998, 1999, 2004; Devris, 1997; Evans, 2001; Feminella and Gangloff, 2000; Gangloff, 2003; Gangloff, 2005; Hartfield and Bowker, 1992; Hartfield and Jones, 1989, 1990; Herod et al., 2001; Jones, 1991; Jones and Majure, 1999; McGregor, 1993, 1999; McGregor et al., 1996; Miller, 2000; Miller and Hartfield, 1988; Pierson, 1991a, b; Yokley, 2001). Occupied habitat is remains highly fragmented and populations are isolated by dams and impounded waters.

Reproductive Strategy

Gravid southern clubshell females with mature glochidia have been collected in June and July. Glochidia are released in well formed conglutinates orange or white in coloration (Haag and Warren 2001). Blacktail shiner (Cyprinella venusta), Alabama shiner (C. callistia), and tricolor shiner (C. trichroistia) have been identified as fish host (Haag and Warren, 2001; P. Johnson pers. comm., 2002).

» Other Resources

NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.