Coosa moccasinshell (Medionidus parvulus)
Where Listed: WHEREVER FOUND
Species Priority: Meidionidus parvulus (Conrad, 1834), Coosa Mocassinshell was listed as endangered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) in 1999. The species is considered Priority 1 by the Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources (ADCNR), and endangered by the Georgia Department of Natural Resources (GA-DNR) and the Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency (TWRA). Coosa Mocassinshell is considered a Tier 1 priority species by the Mobile River Basin Mollusk Restoration Committee. It is ranked as G1 by NatureServe and considered endangered by the American Fisheries Society. Historically, the species was restricted to streams above the Fall Line in the Coosa, Cahaba, and Black Warrior basins (Williams et al. 2008). The species is currently restricted to the Conasauga River in Polk County, Tennessee, and Holly Creek, a small tributary to the Conasauga River in Murray County, Georgia (Mobile River Mollusk Restoration Committee 2010). The Coosa Mocassinshell is considered to be extirpated from the state of Alabama (ADCNR).
- States/US Territories in which the Coosa moccasinshell, is known to or is believed to occur: Alabama , Georgia , Tennessee
- US Counties in which the Coosa moccasinshell, is known to or is believed to occur: View All
|Status||Date Listed||Lead Region||Where Listed|
|03/17/1993||Southeast Region (Region 4)|
» Federal Register Documents
|Date||Title||Plan Action Status||Plan Status|
|11/17/2000||Recovery Plan for the Mobile River Basin (15 species)||View Implementation Progress||Final|
|Date||Citation Page||Title||Document Type|
|06/29/1998||63 FR 35277 35278||Notice a Availability of a Revised Draft Recovery Plan for the Mobile River Basin Aquatic Ecosystem for Review and Comment||
|06/14/2005||70 FR 34492 34494||Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 25 Southeastern Species||
|09/23/2014||79 FR 56821 56823||5-Year Status Reviews of 27 Southeastern Species; Notice of initiation of reviews; request for information||
|04/07/2008||11 Southeastern mussels 5-year review|
» Critical Habitat
|Date||Citation Page||Title||Document Type||Status|
|07/01/2004||69 FR 40084 40171||Designation of Critical Habitat for Three Threatened Mussels and Eight Endangered Mussels in the Mobile River Basin Mussels in Mobile River Basin, AL||Final Rule||Final designated|
|03/26/2003||68 FR 14752 14832||Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Proposed Designation of Critical Habitat for Three Threatened Mussels and Eight Endangered Mussels in the Mobile River Basin; Proposed Rule||Proposed Rule||Not Required|
To learn more about critical habitat please see http://ecos.fws.gov/crithab
» Conservation Plans
No conservation plans have been created for Coosa moccasinshell.
» Life History
Movement / Home Range
This species is currently restricted to a 3 km reach of Holly Creek in Murray Co., GA, and a 4 km section of Conasauga River in Polk County, TN. Although experimental, reintroductions have been conducted in the Little Cahaba River in Alabama
» Other Resources
NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.
ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.
FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.