Virginia Fringed Mountain snail (Polygyriscus virginianus)
Where Listed: WHEREVER FOUND
The Virginia fringed mountain snail was originally descibed in 1947 from weathered shells found in the soil and was presumed to be extinct. It was not until 1971 that live individuals were found. This snail is known only from six miles of bluffs along the New River in Pulaski County Virginia. The shell is a pale greenish color and has four promient raised spiral lines with less prominent spiral lines between them. The shell is 0.18 inches in diameter and 0.06 inches in height. The animal inside, is white and probably blind.
- States/US Territories in which the Virginia Fringed Mountain snail, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur: Virginia
- US Counties in which the Virginia Fringed Mountain snail, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur: View All
|Status||Date Listed||Lead Region||Where Listed|
|08/02/1978||Northeast Region (Region 5)||Wherever found|
» Federal Register Documents
|Date||Title||Plan Action Status||Plan Status|
|05/09/1983||Virginia Fringed Mountain Snail||View Implementation Progress||Final|
|Date||Citation Page||Title||Document Type|
|01/29/2007||72 FR 4018 4019||Initiation of a 5-Year Review of Ten Listed Northeastern Species||
|03/06/2012||77 FR 13251 13253||Initiation of a 5-Year Review of Nine Northeastern Species. Notice of initiation of reviews; request for information.||
|01/29/2008||VA fringed mountain snail completed 5-yr review|
» Critical Habitat
No critical habitat rules have been published for the Virginia Fringed Mountain snail.
» Conservation Plans
No conservation plans have been created for Virginia Fringed Mountain snail.
» Life History
This snail is usually in areas where limestone is mixed with clay soil. It is associated with permanently damp rock fragments and angular limestone pieces approximately 0.4 to 4.0 inches across. These areas are heavily shaded and may be overgrown with honeysuckle. Living individuals occur in the soil at depths of four to twenty-four inches. Live snails have never been observed on the soil surface. No other information is available on the life history of this species.
» Other Resources
NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.
ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.
FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.