Elkhorn coral (Acropora palmata)
Where Listed: WHEREVER FOUND
Elkhorn coral is a large, branching coral with thick and sturdy antler-like branches. Colonies are fast growing: branches increase in length by 2-4 inches (5-10 cm) per year, with colonies reaching their maximum size in approximately 10-12 years. Over the last 10,000 years, elkhorn coral has been one of the three most important Caribbean corals contributing to reef growth and development and providing essential fish habitat.
- States/US Territories in which the Elkhorn coral is known to or is believed to occur: Florida
- US Counties in which the Elkhorn coral is known to or is believed to occur: View All
- Countries in which the the Elkhorn coral is known to occur: Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Venezuela
|Status||Date Listed||Lead Region||Where Listed|
|06/08/2006||National Marine Fisheries Service (National Marine Fisheries Service)|
» Federal Register Documents
|04/04/2007||72 FR 16284 16286||Adding Four Marine Taxa to the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife; Southern Distinct Population Segment (DPS) of green sturgeon (Acipenser medirostris), staghorn (Acropora cervicornis) and elkhorn (Acropora palmata) corals, and the Southern Resident killer whale DPS (Orcinus orca)|
|05/09/2006||70 FR 26852 26872||NFMS, Final Listing Determinations for Elkhorn Coral and Staghorn Coral|
|11/26/2008||73 FR 72210 72240||Critical Habitat for Threatened Elkhorn and Staghorn Corals; Final Rule|
|07/23/2014||79 FR 42687 42696||Marine and Anadromous Taxa: Additions, Removal, Updates,and Corrections to the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife|
No recovery information is available for the Elkhorn coral.
» Critical Habitat
|Date||Citation Page||Title||Document Type||Status|
|11/26/2008||73 FR 72210 72240||Critical Habitat for Threatened Elkhorn and Staghorn Corals; Final Rule||Final Rule||Final designated|
To learn more about critical habitat please see http://ecos.fws.gov/crithab
» Conservation Plans
No conservation plans have been created for Elkhorn coral.
» Life History
No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.
» Other Resources
NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.
ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.
FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.