Spalding's Catchfly (Silene spaldingii)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:   

Where Listed: WHEREVER FOUND

General Information

Spalding’s catchfly (Silene spaldingii) is an herbaceous perennial in the pink family (Caryophyllacea). The species is endemic to the Palouse region of south-east Washington and adjacent Oregon and Idaho, and is disjunct in northwestern Montana and British Columbia, Canada. This species is found predominantly in the Pacific Northwest bunchgrass grasslands and sagebrush-steppe, and occasionally in open-canopy pine stands. Occupied habitat includes five physiographic (physical geographic) regions: 1) the Palouse Grasslands in west-central Idaho and southeastern Washington; 2) the Channeled Scablands in east-central Washington; 3) the Blue Mountain Basins in northeastern Oregon; 4) the Canyon Grasslands along major river systems in Idaho, Oregon, and Washington; and 5) the Intermontane Valleys of northwestern Montana and British Columbia, Canada. Spalding’s catchfly produce one to several vegetative or flowering stems that arise from a simple or branched persistent underground stem (caudex), which surmounts a long, narrow taproot. Plants range from 20 to 40 cm in height. Each stem typically bears 4 to 7 pairs of simple, opposite leaves that are 5 to 8 cm in length and 2 to 4 cm in width. Similar to the majority of plants in this family, Spalding’s catchfly has distinctly swollen nodes located where the leaves are attached to the stem. Reproductive individuals produce 3 to 20 cream to pink or light green flowers that are borne in a branched, terminal inflorescence. All green portions of the plant (foliage, stem, and flower bracts) are covered in dense sticky hairs that frequently trap dust and insects, giving this species the common name ‘catchfly’. Plants (both vegetative and reproductive) emerge in mid-to late May. Flowering typically occurs from mid-July through August, but may occasionally continue into October. Rosettes are formed the first and possibly the second year, followed by the formation of vegetative stems. Above-ground vegetation dies back at the end of the growing season and plants either emerge in the spring or remain dormant below ground for one to several consecutive years. Spalding’s catchfly reproduces solely by seed. It lacks rhizomes or other means of reproducing vegetatively. Spalding’s catchfly was listed as threatened in 2001 and a final recovery plan for this plant was released October 15, 2007. The goal of the recovery plan is to recover the plant by protecting and maintaining reproducing, self-sustaining populations so that the species no longer needs protection under the Endangered Species Act.

  • States/US Territories in which the Spalding's Catchfly is known to or is believed to occur:  Idaho , Montana , Oregon , Washington
  • US Counties in which the Spalding's Catchfly is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
  • USFWS Refuges in which the Spalding's Catchfly is known to occur:  Lost Trail National Wildlife Refuge, Turnbull National Wildlife Refuge
 
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
10/10/2001 Pacific Region (Region 1)

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents
Date Citation Page Title
09/08/2000 65 FR 54472 54474 Reopening of Comment Period on the Proposed Threatened Status and Critical Habitat Determination for Silene spaldingii (Spalding's Catchfly)
12/15/1980 45 FR 82480 82569 Review of Plant Taxa for Listing as Endangered or Threatened Species
11/28/1983 48 FR 53640 53670 Supplement to Review of Plant Taxa for Listing as End. or Thr. Species; 48 FR 53640-53670
12/03/1999 64 FR 67814 67821 ETWP; Proposed Threatened Status for the Plant Silene spaldingii (Spalding's catchfly)
10/12/2007 72 FR 58111 58112 Recovery Plan for Silene spaldingii (Spalding's Catchfly)
09/30/1993 58 FR 51144 51190 ETWP; Review of Plant Taxa for Listing as Endangered or Threatened Species
02/21/1990 55 FR 6184 6229 ETWP; Review of Plant Taxa for Listing as Endangered or Threatened Species; Notice of Review; 55 FR 6184 6229
09/27/1985 50 FR 39526 39584 Review of Plant Taxa for Listing as End. or Thr. Species; Notice of Review; 50 FR 39526-39584
03/16/2006 71 FR 13625 13626 Notice of Availability of the Draft Recovery Plan for Silene spaldingii (Spalding's Catchfly)
10/10/2001 66 FR 51597 51606 ETWP; Final Rule To List Silene spaldingii (Spalding's Catchfly) as Threatened
04/24/2000 65 FR 21711 21713 Notice of Proposed Critical Habitat Determination for the Plant Silene spaldingii (Spalding's Catchfly) and Reopening of Comment Period
10/30/2001 66 FR 54808 54832 ETWP; Review of Plant and Animal Species That Are Candidates or Proposed for Listing as Endangered or Threatened,Annual Notice of Findings on Recycled Petitions, and Annual Description of Progress on Listing Actions; Proposed Rule
04/29/2008 73 FR 23264 23266 Initiation of 5-Year Status Reviews for 70 Species in Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, and the Pacific Islands
02/12/2016 81 FR 7571 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of 5-Year Status Reviews of 76 Species in Hawaii, Oregon, Washington, Montana, and Idaho
11/16/1998 63 FR 63661 63662 ETWP; 90-Day Finding for a Petition to List Silene spaldingii (Spalding's catchfly) as Endangered or Threatened
07/01/1975 40 FR 27924 Review of Status of Vascular Plants

» Recovery

Current Recovery Plan(s)
Date Title Plan Action Status Plan Status
10/12/2007 Spalding's Catchfly Final Recovery Plan View Implementation Progress Final
Other Recovery Documents
Date Citation Page Title Document Type
10/12/2007 72 FR 58111 58112 Recovery Plan for Silene spaldingii (Spalding's Catchfly)
  • Notice Final Recovery Plan Availability
03/16/2006 71 FR 13625 13626 Notice of Availability of the Draft Recovery Plan for Silene spaldingii (Spalding's Catchfly)
  • Notice Draft Recovery Plan Availability
04/29/2008 73 FR 23264 23266 Initiation of 5-Year Status Reviews for 70 Species in Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, and the Pacific Islands
  • Notice 5-year Review, Initiation
02/12/2016 81 FR 7571 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of 5-Year Status Reviews of 76 Species in Hawaii, Oregon, Washington, Montana, and Idaho
  • Notice 5-year Review, Initiation
Five Year Review
Date Title
01/30/2009 Spalding's catchfly completed 5 yr Review

» Critical Habitat

No critical habitat rules have been published for the Spalding's Catchfly.

» Conservation Plans

Habitat Conservation Plans (HCP) (learn more)
HCP Plan Summaries
Oregon DOT Statewide Routine Maintenance Activities HCP

» Petitions

» Life History

No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.

» Other Resources

NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.