Macfarlane's four-o'clock (Mirabilis macfarlanei)
Where Listed: WHEREVER FOUND
MacFarlane's four-o'clock (Mirabilis macfarlanei) is a perennial plant with a deep-seated, thick tap-root and spectacular bright magenta flowers. The flowers form in clumps of four to seven, and each flower is up to an inch long and an inch wide. This species typically blooms in May to mid-June. Based on limited monitoring conducted by the Bureau of Land Management, individual plants have been observed to live well over 20 years. MacFarlane's four-o'clock occurs in steep river canyon grassland habitats that are characterized by regionally warm and dry conditions. In these habitats less than 12 inches of precipitation occurs, mostly as rain during winter and spring. Thirteen populations of MacFarlane's four-o'clock are currently known. Three of these populations are found in the Snake River Canyon area (Idaho County, Idaho and Wallowa County, Oregon), seven in the Salmon River area (Idaho County, Idaho), and three in the Imnaha River area (Wallowa County, Oregon). The total geographic range of the species is an area of approximately 29 by 18 miles.
- States/US Territories in which the Macfarlane's four-o'clock is known to or is believed to occur: Idaho , Oregon
- US Counties in which the Macfarlane's four-o'clock is known to or is believed to occur: View All
|Status||Date Listed||Lead Region||Where Listed|
|11/29/1979||Pacific Region (Region 1)|
» Federal Register Documents
|10/26/1979||44 FR 61912 61913||Determination that Mirabilis macfarlanei is an Endangered Species;|
|03/15/1996||61 FR 10693 10697||ETWP; Reclassification of Mirabilis Macfarlanei (MacFarlane's Four-O' clock) From Endangerd to Threatened Status|
|06/16/1976||41 FR 24523 24572||Proposed Endangered Status for 1700 U.S. Plants; 41 FR 24523 24572|
|08/26/1993||58 FR 45085 45091||ETWP; Proposed Reclassification of Mirabilis Macfarlanei (MacFarlane's Four o'clock) From Endangered to Threatened Status|
|02/13/2015||80 FR 8100 8103||Initiation of 5-Year Status Reviews of 133 Species in Hawaii, Oregon, Idaho, and Washington|
|Date||Title||Plan Action Status||Plan Status|
|06/30/2000||Revised Recovery Plan for MacFarlane's Four-o'clock (Mirabilis macfarlanei)||View Implementation Progress||Final Revision 1|
|Date||Citation Page||Title||Document Type|
|02/13/2015||80 FR 8100 8103||Initiation of 5-Year Status Reviews of 133 Species in Hawaii, Oregon, Idaho, and Washington||
|02/23/2009||Mirabilis macfarlanei completed 5-year|
» Critical Habitat
No critical habitat rules have been published for the Macfarlane's four-o'clock.
» Conservation Plans
No conservation plans have been created for Macfarlane's four-o'clock.
» Life History
No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.
» Other Resources
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ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.
FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.