golden paintbrush (Castilleja levisecta)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:   

Where Listed: WHEREVER FOUND

General Information

A member of the Orabanchaceae family. Golden paintbrush was known from 11 populations at the time of listing. After years of experimentation on how best to establish the species, we now can treat an area with prescribed fire, spot spray with herbicides (only if needed), and then establish the species by seeding it into the treated site. We now have established greater than 40 new populations range wide (Oregon and Washington), with more than 15 of the populations having met the Recoverypopulation size of greater than 1,000 flowering plants per site. We continue to restore areas that support golden paintbrush, augment these populations with seedlings, or seed, and we will continue to establish new populations on National Refuge and Park lands.

  • States/US Territories in which the golden paintbrush, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur:  Oregon , Washington
  • US Counties in which the golden paintbrush, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
  • USFWS Refuges in which the golden paintbrush, Wherever found is known to occur:  Baskett Slough National Wildlife Refuge, Steigerwald Lake National Wildlife Refuge, Tualatin River National Wildlife Refuge, Washington Maritime National Wildlife Refuge Complex, William L. Finley National Wildlife Refuge
  • Countries in which the the golden paintbrush, Wherever found is known to occur:  Canada
 
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
06/11/1997 Pacific Region (Region 1) Wherever found

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents
Date Citation Page Title
06/11/1997 62 FR 31740 31748 ETWP; Determination of Threatened Status for Castilleja levisecta (Golden Paintbrush)
05/10/1994 59 FR 24106 24112 ETWP; Proposed Threatened Status for Castilleja Levisecta (Golden Paintbrush)
06/29/2010 75 FR 37460 37461 Recovery Plan for the Prairie Species of Western Oregon and Southwestern Washington
02/21/1990 55 FR 6184 6229 ETWP; Review of Plant Taxa for Listing as Endangered or Threatened Species; Notice of Review; 55 FR 6184 6229
09/30/1993 58 FR 51144 51190 ETWP; Review of Plant Taxa for Listing as Endangered or Threatened Species
11/28/1983 48 FR 53640 53670 Supplement to Review of Plant Taxa for Listing as End. or Thr. Species; 48 FR 53640-53670
07/06/2005 70 FR 38972 38975 Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of the Mariana Fruit Bat (Pteropus mariannus mariannus), Mariana Crow (Corvus hawaiiensis), Laysan Duck (Anas laysanensis), Kauai Akialoa (Honeycreeper) (Hemignathus procerus), Large Kauai Thrush (Myadestes myadestinus), Kauai Oo (Honeyeater) (Moho braccatus), Ou (Honeycreeper) (Psittirostra psittace), Molokai Creeper (Paroreomyza flammea), Molokai Thrush (Myadestes lanaiensis rutha), Kauai Cave Wolf Spider (Adelocosa anops) Kauai Cave Amphipod (Spelaeorchestia koloana), Alsinidendron obovatum (No Common Name), Amaranthus brownii (No Common Name), Chamaesyce celastroides var. kaenana (Akoko), Chamaesyce deppeana (Akoko), Chamaesyce herbstii (Akoko), Chamaesyce skottsbergii var. kalaeloana (Ewa Plains Akoko), Clermontia pyrularia (Oha Wai), Cyanea grimesiana ssp. obatae (No Common Name), Cyanea pinnatifida (Haha), Cyanea st.-johnii (Haha), Cyanea superba (Haha), Cyanea truncata (Haha), Cyrtandra dentate (Haiwale), Gouania vitifolia (No Common Name), Hedyotis degeneri (No Common Name), Hibiscadelphus woodii (Hau Kuahiwi), Castilleja levisecta (Golden paintbrush), Fender's Blue Butterfly (Icaricia icarioides fenderi), Erigeron decumbens var. decumbens (Willamette Daisy), Lupinus sulphureus ssp. kincaidii (Kincaid's Lupine), Lomatium bradshawii (Bradshaw's Desert Parsley), and Sidalcea nelsoniana (Nelson's Checker-mallow)
10/08/2008 73 FR 58975 Draft Recovery Plan for the Prairie Species of Western Oregon and Southwestern Washington
09/22/2008 73 FR 54603 54604 Draft Recovery Plan for the Prairie Species of Western Oregon and Southwestern Washington
09/27/1985 50 FR 39526 39584 Review of Plant Taxa for Listing as End. or Thr. Species; Notice of Review; 50 FR 39526-39584
02/28/1996 61 FR 7597 7613 ETWP; Review of Plant and Animal Taxa That Are Candidates for Listing as Endangered or Threatened Species
12/15/1980 45 FR 82480 82569 Review of Plant Taxa for Listing as Endangered or Threatened Species

» Recovery

Current Recovery Plan(s)
Date Title Plan Action Status Plan Status
08/23/2000 Recovery Plan for the Golden Paintbrush (Castilleja levisecta) View Implementation Progress Final
05/20/2010 Final Recovery Plan for the Prairie Species of Western Oregon and Southwestern Washington View Implementation Progress Final
Other Recovery Documents
Date Citation Page Title Document Type
06/29/2010 75 FR 37460 37461 Recovery Plan for the Prairie Species of Western Oregon and Southwestern Washington
  • Notice Final Recovery Plan Availability
07/06/2005 70 FR 38972 38975 Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of the Mariana Fruit Bat (Pteropus mariannus mariannus), Mariana Crow (Corvus hawaiiensis), Laysan Duck (Anas laysanensis), Kauai Akialoa (Honeycreeper) (Hemignathus procerus), Large Kauai Thrush (Myadestes myadestinus), Kauai Oo (Honeyeater) (Moho braccatus), Ou (Honeycreeper) (Psittirostra psittace), Molokai Creeper (Paroreomyza flammea), Molokai Thrush (Myadestes lanaiensis rutha), Kauai Cave Wolf Spider (Adelocosa anops) Kauai Cave Amphipod (Spelaeorchestia koloana), Alsinidendron obovatum (No Common Name), Amaranthus brownii (No Common Name), Chamaesyce celastroides var. kaenana (Akoko), Chamaesyce deppeana (Akoko), Chamaesyce herbstii (Akoko), Chamaesyce skottsbergii var. kalaeloana (Ewa Plains Akoko), Clermontia pyrularia (Oha Wai), Cyanea grimesiana ssp. obatae (No Common Name), Cyanea pinnatifida (Haha), Cyanea st.-johnii (Haha), Cyanea superba (Haha), Cyanea truncata (Haha), Cyrtandra dentate (Haiwale), Gouania vitifolia (No Common Name), Hedyotis degeneri (No Common Name), Hibiscadelphus woodii (Hau Kuahiwi), Castilleja levisecta (Golden paintbrush), Fender's Blue Butterfly (Icaricia icarioides fenderi), Erigeron decumbens var. decumbens (Willamette Daisy), Lupinus sulphureus ssp. kincaidii (Kincaid's Lupine), Lomatium bradshawii (Bradshaw's Desert Parsley), and Sidalcea nelsoniana (Nelson's Checker-mallow)
  • Notice 5-year Review
10/08/2008 73 FR 58975 Draft Recovery Plan for the Prairie Species of Western Oregon and Southwestern Washington
  • Notice Correction
  • Notice Draft Recovery Plan Availability
  • Notice Request for Comment
09/22/2008 73 FR 54603 54604 Draft Recovery Plan for the Prairie Species of Western Oregon and Southwestern Washington
  • Notice Draft Recovery Plan Availability
Five Year Review
Date Title
09/27/2007 Golden Paintbrush 5-Year Review

» Critical Habitat

No critical habitat rules have been published for the golden paintbrush.

» Conservation Plans

No conservation plans have been created for golden paintbrush.

» Petitions

» Life History

Habitat Requirements

The species requires a low-statured vegeation community dominated by native rass and forb species.

Reproductive Strategy

The species is a hemi-parasite, meaning it requires being in clsoe proximity to host plants, upon which it will form root haustorial connections to support the paintbrush.

» Other Resources

NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.