pondberry (Lindera melissifolia)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:   

Where Listed: WHEREVER FOUND

General Information

Pondberry, Lindera melissifolia (Walt.) Blume, is a deciduous shrub, growing from less than 1 foot (30 cm) to, infrequently, more than 6 feet (2 m) in height. Leaves are aromatic, alternate, elliptical, somewhat thin and membranaceous, with entire margins. Shrubs usually are sparsely branched, with fewer branches on smaller plants. Plants are rhizomatous, frequently propagating by vegetative sprouts and forming colonies. Plants are dioecious, each plant is a male or a female, and produce clusters of small, yellow flowers in early spring prior to leaf development, from buds on branches produced from the growth during the preceding year. Immature fruits are drupes, green, and ripen to red by fall.

  • States/US Territories in which the pondberry, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur:  Alabama , Arkansas , Georgia , Mississippi , Missouri , North Carolina , South Carolina
  • US Counties in which the pondberry, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
  • USFWS Refuges in which the pondberry, Wherever found is known to occur:  Cache River National Wildlife Refuge, Morgan Brake National Wildlife Refuge, Wapanocca National Wildlife Refuge
 
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
07/31/1986 Southeast Region (Region 4) Wherever found

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents
Date Citation Page Title
07/31/1986 51 FR 27495 27500 Determination of End. Status for Lindera melissifolia; 51 FR 27495-27500
08/13/1985 50 FR 32582 325 85 Proposed End. Status for Lindera melissifolia (Pondberry); 50 FR 32582-325- 85
04/09/2010 75 FR 18233 18234 5-Year Status Reviews of 10 Southeastern Species; Notice of initiation of reviews; request for information

» Recovery

Current Recovery Plan(s)
Date Title Plan Action Status Plan Status
09/23/1993 Pondberry View Implementation Progress Final
Other Recovery Documents
Date Citation Page Title Document Type
04/09/2010 75 FR 18233 18234 5-Year Status Reviews of 10 Southeastern Species; Notice of initiation of reviews; request for information
  • Notice 5-year Review, Initiation
Five Year Review
Date Title
03/03/2014 Pondberry (Lindera melissifolia) 5-Year Review

» Critical Habitat

No critical habitat rules have been published for the pondberry.

» Conservation Plans

No conservation plans have been created for pondberry.

» Petitions

» Life History

Reproductive Strategy

Flowering occurs from March to April, with male flowers emerging prior to female flowers. Fruits, produced on female plants, are typically green throughout the summer months and turn bright red in the fall. Hermit thrushes, Catharus guttatus, are the only known animal dispersal agent of pondberry.

Other

Lindera melissifolia is a distinctive species, with diagnostic characters that clearly distinguish it from the other two species of spicebush found in the southeastern United States, L. benzoin and L. subcoriacea.

» Other Resources

NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.