Barneby reed-mustard (Schoenocrambe barnebyi)
Where Listed: WHEREVER FOUND
The Barneby reed-mustard (Schoenocrambe barnebyi) is a small sparsely leaved, herbaceous plant with light purple flowers and darker purple veins on each of the petals. These plants are usually up to 9 inches tall, with exceptional plants reaching 15 inches in height. The stems are woody and have smaller green, half-inch long leaves alternating up the stem about half way from the base of the plant. The flowers are 0.4 inch long and 0.1 inch wide with 2 to 8 flowers at the end of the plantís leafy stems.
- States/US Territories in which the Barneby reed-mustard is known to or is believed to occur: Utah
- US Counties in which the Barneby reed-mustard is known to or is believed to occur: View All
|Status||Date Listed||Lead Region||Where Listed|
|01/14/1992||Mountain-Prairie Region (Region 6)|
» Federal Register Documents
|10/06/2008||73 FR 58261 58262||5-Year Reviews of Three Wildlife Species and Eight Plant Species in the Mountain-Prairie Region|
|09/23/1993||58 FR 49522 49523||Availability of a Draft Recovery Plan for Three Utah Reed-Mustards; Clay Reed-Mustard (Schoenocrambe argillacea), Barnaby Reed-Mustard (Schoenocrambe barnebyi), and Shrubby Reed-Mustard (Schoenocrambe suffrutescens) for Review and Comment|
|04/12/1991||56 FR 14910 14914||ETWP; Two Utah Plants, Schoenocrambe argillacea (Clay Reed-Mustard) and Schoenocrambe barneby (Barneby Reed-Mustard), Proposed as Endangered; 56 FR 14910 14914|
|01/14/1992||57 FR 1398 1403||ETWP; Final Rule to Determine the Plant Schoenocrambe argillacea, Clay Reed-Mustard, to be a Threatened Species, and the Plant Schoenocrambe barnebyi, Barneby Reed-Mustard, to be an Endangered Species|
|Date||Title||Plan Action Status||Plan Status|
|09/14/1994||Utah Reed-Mustards (3 spp.)||View Implementation Progress||Final|
|Date||Citation Page||Title||Document Type|
|09/23/1993||58 FR 49522 49523||Availability of a Draft Recovery Plan for Three Utah Reed-Mustards; Clay Reed-Mustard (Schoenocrambe argillacea), Barnaby Reed-Mustard (Schoenocrambe barnebyi), and Shrubby Reed-Mustard (Schoenocrambe suffrutescens) for Review and Comment||
|10/06/2008||73 FR 58261 58262||5-Year Reviews of Three Wildlife Species and Eight Plant Species in the Mountain-Prairie Region||
|08/16/2011||Schoenocrambe barnebyi (Barneby Reed-Mustard) 5-Year Review|
» Critical Habitat
No critical habitat rules have been published for the Barneby reed-mustard.
» Conservation Plans
No conservation plans have been created for Barneby reed-mustard.
» Life History
Populations of Barneby reed-mustard occur in Emery and Wayne Counties, Utah. Populations have been know to occur on the Moenkopi Formation, Kaibab Limestone and on the Carmel Formation. This species is found growing on coarse soils derived from cobble and gravel river terrace deposits, or rocky surfaces at 4,800 to 6,500 feet in elevation. Barneby reed-mustard can be found growing with other desert shrubland plants including shadscale, Indian ricegrass and pygmy sagebrush.
We have little information on the biology and life history of Barneby reed-mustard. Plants reproduce sexually and flower from late April to mid or late May (Welsh and Neese 1984). Gravity, wind and rain are thought to be the primary dispersal agent of seeds (Welsh and Neese 1984).
This species looks similar to Schoenocrambe argillacea. Barneby reed-mustard is slightly larger and its leaves are elliptic to oblancelate with fewer flowers. The two species can be difficult to tell apart when they are small.
» Other Resources
NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.
ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.
FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.