Alabama leather flower (Clematis socialis)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:   


General Information

Clematis socialis is a small, colonial (patch-forming) herb that may reach 0.3 m (12 in.) in height. The most distinctive feature of the species is the combination of a rhizomatous growth habit and the formation of dense clones of erect, low, one- to few-flowered shoots. Leaves are variable from the base to the apex of the stem. The lowermost leaves are scale-like, oblong or triangular in shape and mostly under 1.0 cm (0.39 in.) long; median leaves are simple, mostly elliptic-linear in shape, 4-12 cm (1.6-4.7 in.) long, and 0.5-1.0 cm (0.20-0.39 in.) wide; upper leaves are 3 to 5 foliate and shaped as in the median leaves. Flowers are solitary, located at the tips of slender stems, urn to bell-shaped, 2-3 cm (0.79-1.18 in.) long, blue-violet in color. Fruits are aggregates of achenes that are densely pubescent and 2.5-3.0 cm (0.98-1.18 in.) in length.

  • States/US Territories in which the Alabama leather flower is known to or is believed to occur:  Alabama , Georgia
  • US Counties in which the Alabama leather flower is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
09/26/1986 Southeast Region (Region 4)

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents
Date Citation Page Title
06/14/2005 70 FR 34492 34494 Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 25 Southeastern Species
12/06/1985 50 FR 49970 49972 End. Status for Clematis socialis; 50 FR 49970-49972
09/26/1986 51 FR 34420 34422 End. Status for Clematis socialis; 51 FR 34420-34422

» Recovery

Current Recovery Plan(s)
Date Title Plan Action Status Plan Status
12/27/1989 Alabama Leather-flower View Implementation Progress Final
Other Recovery Documents
Date Citation Page Title Document Type
06/14/2005 70 FR 34492 34494 Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 25 Southeastern Species
  • Notice 5-year Review, Initiation
Five Year Review
Date Title
07/12/2010 Alabama leather flower (Clematis socialis) 5-Year Review

» Critical Habitat

No critical habitat rules have been published for the Alabama leather flower.

» Conservation Plans

No conservation plans have been created for Alabama leather flower.

» Petitions

» Life History

Reproductive Strategy

Flowering occurs from mid-April into May and is soon followed by fruit development, which extends into late July.


A member of the Viorna section of the Clematis genus, C. socialis superficially resembles the more widespread C. crispa, but is distinguished by its erect stems, rhizomatous growth habit, solitary flowers, and lack of tendrils. The species also resembles C. glaucophylla, C. reticulata, and C. viorna, but none of these species are colonial.

» Other Resources

NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

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