Alabama leather flower (Clematis socialis)
Where Listed: WHEREVER FOUND
Clematis socialis is a small, colonial (patch-forming) herb that may reach 0.3 m (12 in.) in height. The most distinctive feature of the species is the combination of a rhizomatous growth habit and the formation of dense clones of erect, low, one- to few-flowered shoots. Leaves are variable from the base to the apex of the stem. The lowermost leaves are scale-like, oblong or triangular in shape and mostly under 1.0 cm (0.39 in.) long; median leaves are simple, mostly elliptic-linear in shape, 4-12 cm (1.6-4.7 in.) long, and 0.5-1.0 cm (0.20-0.39 in.) wide; upper leaves are 3 to 5 foliate and shaped as in the median leaves. Flowers are solitary, located at the tips of slender stems, urn to bell-shaped, 2-3 cm (0.79-1.18 in.) long, blue-violet in color. Fruits are aggregates of achenes that are densely pubescent and 2.5-3.0 cm (0.98-1.18 in.) in length.
- States/US Territories in which the Alabama leather flower is known to or is believed to occur: Alabama , Georgia
- US Counties in which the Alabama leather flower is known to or is believed to occur: View All
|Status||Date Listed||Lead Region||Where Listed|
|09/26/1986||Southeast Region (Region 4)|
» Federal Register Documents
|06/14/2005||70 FR 34492 34494||Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 25 Southeastern Species|
|12/06/1985||50 FR 49970 49972||End. Status for Clematis socialis; 50 FR 49970-49972|
|09/26/1986||51 FR 34420 34422||End. Status for Clematis socialis; 51 FR 34420-34422|
|Date||Title||Plan Action Status||Plan Status|
|12/27/1989||Alabama Leather-flower||View Implementation Progress||Final|
|Date||Citation Page||Title||Document Type|
|06/14/2005||70 FR 34492 34494||Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 25 Southeastern Species||
|07/12/2010||Alabama leather flower (Clematis socialis) 5-Year Review|
» Critical Habitat
No critical habitat rules have been published for the Alabama leather flower.
» Conservation Plans
No conservation plans have been created for Alabama leather flower.
» Life History
Flowering occurs from mid-April into May and is soon followed by fruit development, which extends into late July.
A member of the Viorna section of the Clematis genus, C. socialis superficially resembles the more widespread C. crispa, but is distinguished by its erect stems, rhizomatous growth habit, solitary flowers, and lack of tendrils. The species also resembles C. glaucophylla, C. reticulata, and C. viorna, but none of these species are colonial.
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