Pariette cactus (Sclerocactus brevispinus)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:   

Where Listed: WHEREVER FOUND

General Information

Pariette cactus - Sclerocactus brevispinus is a barrel-shaped cactus that ranges from 2.5 to 8 centimeters (cm) (1.0 to 3.1 inches (in.)) tall. Sclerocactus brevispinus is a morphologically unique Sclerocactus, with flowering adults that are much smaller than either S. glaucus or S. wetlandicus. S. brevispinus has stems with typically 13 ribs that extend from the ground to the tip of the plant. Along the ribs are areoles (small, cushion-like areas) with hooked spines (Heil and Porter 2004). There are three types of spines, radial and central, defined by the size and position on the plant (74 FR 47112, September 15, 2009). The 5 to 13 radial spines are located around the margin of the areole, extending in a plane parallel to the body of the plant. The radial spines are white or gray to light brown, and are 5 to 15 millimeters (mm) (0.2 to 0.6 in.) long. The 0 to 3 central spines are 2 to 5 mm (0.08 to 0.2 in.) long and extend from the center of the areole. The central spines include abaxial and lateral forms. Abaxial spines are typically single and are strongly hooked with the tip almost touching the surface of the areole. Lateral spines are usually absent, but when present are on either side of the abaxial spine, are more or less straight without the obvious bend or hook, and form an acute angle with the abaxial spine (usually 20 to 50 degrees). The bell-shaped flowers usually have pink tepals (petal-like flower parts not differentiated into petals and sepals) and yellow stamens (the male reproductive organ of the flower), and are 1 to 1.5 cm (0.4 to 0.6 in.) long and 1.2 to 3 cm (0.4 to 1.2 in.) wide (74 FR 47112, September 15, 2009). The fruit is short, barrel-shaped, reddish or reddish grey when ripe, 7 to 12 mm (0.3 to 0.5 in.) wide, and 9 to 25 mm (0.35 to 1.0 in.) long.

  • States/US Territories in which the Pariette cactus is known to or is believed to occur:  Utah
  • US Counties in which the Pariette cactus is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
  • Additional species information
 
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
09/15/2009 Mountain-Prairie Region (Region 6)

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents
Date Citation Page Title
09/15/2009 74 FR 47112 47117 Taxonomic Change of Sclerocactus Glaucus to Three Separate Species
11/22/2013 77 FR 70103 70162 Review of Native Species That are Candidates for Listing as Endangered or Threatened; Annual Notice of Findings on Resubmitted Petitions; Annual Description of Progress on Listing Actions
10/26/2011 76 FR 66370 66439 Review of Native Species That Are Candidates for Listing as Endangered or Threatened; Annual Notice of Findings on Resubmitted Petitions; Annual Description of Progress on Listing Actions
05/27/2016 81 FR 33698 33700 ETWP; Initiation of 5-Year Status Reviews of 21 Species in the Mountain-Prairie Region
11/09/2009 74 FR 57804 57878 Review of Native Species That Are Candidates for Listing as Endangered or Threatened; Annual Notice of Findings on Resubmitted Petitions; Annual Description of Progress on Listing Actions
12/24/2015 80 FR 80583 80614 Review of Native Species That Are Candidates for Listing as Endangered or Threatened; Annual Notice of Findings on Resubmitted Petitions; Annual Description of Progress on Listing Actions
11/10/2010 75 FR 69222 69294 Review of Native Species That Are Candidates for Listing as Endangered or Threatened; Annual Notice of Findings on Resubmitted Petitions; Annual Description of Progress on Listing Actions; Proposed Rule
11/21/2012 77 FR 69993 70060 Review of Native Species That Are Candidates for Listing as Endangered or Threatened; Annual Notice of Findings on Resubmitted Petitions; Annual Description of Progress on Listing Actions
09/18/2007 72 FR 53211 53222 12-month Finding on a Petition To List Sclerocactus brevispinus (Pariette cactus) as an Endangered or Threatened Species; Taxonomic Change From Sclerocactus glaucus to Sclerocactus brevispinus, S. glaucus, and S. wetlandicus
12/05/2014 79 FR 72449 72497 Review of Native Species That Are Candidates for Listing as Endangered or Threatened; Annual Notice of Findings on Resubmitted Petitions; Annual Description of Progress on Listing Actions
12/14/2006 71 FR 75215 75220 90-Day Finding on a Petition To Remove the Uinta Basin Hookless Cactus From the List of Endangered and Threatened Plants; 90-Day Finding on a Petition To List the Pariette Cactus as Threatened or Endangered

» Recovery

Current Recovery Plan(s)
Date Title Plan Action Status Plan Status
04/14/2010 Sclerocactus brevispinus (Pariette Cactus) Recovery Outline Recovery efforts in progress, but no implementation information yet to display Outline
Other Recovery Documents
Date Citation Page Title Document Type
05/27/2016 81 FR 33698 33700 ETWP; Initiation of 5-Year Status Reviews of 21 Species in the Mountain-Prairie Region
  • Notice 5-year Review, Initiation
Five Year Review
Date Title
03/28/2008 Uinta Basin hookless cactus 5-Year Review

» Critical Habitat

No critical habitat rules have been published for the Pariette cactus.

» Conservation Plans

No conservation plans have been created for Pariette cactus.

» Petitions

» Life History

Habitat Requirements

Sclerocactus brevispinus grows on fine soils in clay badlands derived from the Uinta formation (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) 1990). Its habitat is sparsely vegetated desert shrubland dominated by Atriplex, Chrysothamnus, and Tetradymia species (Service 1990, 2007).

Reproductive Strategy

The life history of Sclerocactus brevispinus is poorly known, but it is thought to be a long-lived perennial usually flowering after 3 or 4 years. A broad assemblage of native bees and possibly other insects, including ants and beetles, pollinate S. brevispinus (Service 1990, 2007).

Other

Sclerocactus brevispinus (Pariette cactus) is much smaller than either S. wetlandicus or S. glaucus, and retains the vegetative characteristics of juvenile S. wetlandicus individuals in adult flowering plants. At the time of listing in 1979, these smaller-statured individuals were thought to represent an ecotypic variation of S. glaucus.

» Other Resources

NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.