Palapalai aumakua (Dryopteris crinalis var. podosorus)
Where Listed: WHEREVER FOUND
Dryopteris crinalis var. podosorus, a fern in the dryopteris family Dryopteridaceae), is known from steep to vertical riparian basalt walls within dark seeping drainages in Metrosideros polymorpha montane wet forest within the montane wet ecosystem, from 4,000 to 5,100 ft (1,200 to 1,550 m) in elevation (TNCH 2007; Wood 2007c). Historically, this variety was known from the Kokee area, Kawaikoi, and Waialeale (Palmer 2003, p. 139). Currently, 3 populations totaling 32 to 47 individuals are known. The Mohihi population is made up of 10 to 20 individuals, from 15 to 20 individuals comprise the south Kilohana population, and the Waialeale population is known from 7 individuals (Wood 2007c).
- States/US Territories in which the Palapalai aumakua, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur: Hawaii
- US Counties in which the Palapalai aumakua, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur: View All
|Status||Date Listed||Lead Region||Where Listed|
|05/13/2010||Pacific Region (Region 1)||Wherever found|
» Federal Register Documents
|02/13/2015||80 FR 8100 8103||Initiation of 5-Year Status Reviews of 133 Species in Hawaii, Oregon, Idaho, and Washington|
|10/21/2008||73 FR 62592 62742||Listing 48 Species on Kauai as Endangered and Designating Critical Habitat; Proposed Rule|
|04/13/2010||75 FR 18960 19165||Determination of Endangered Status for 48 Species on Kauai and Designation of Critical Habitat; Final Rule|
|Date||Title||Plan Action Status||Plan Status|
|06/17/2010||Recovery Outline for the Kauai Ecosystem||Recovery efforts in progress, but no implementation information yet to display||Outline|
|Date||Citation Page||Title||Document Type|
|02/13/2015||80 FR 8100 8103||Initiation of 5-Year Status Reviews of 133 Species in Hawaii, Oregon, Idaho, and Washington||
» Critical Habitat
|Date||Citation Page||Title||Document Type||Status|
|04/13/2010||75 FR 18960 19165||Determination of Endangered Status for 48 Species on Kauai and Designation of Critical Habitat; Final Rule||Final Rule||Final designated|
|10/21/2008||73 FR 62592 62742||Listing 48 Species on Kauai as Endangered and Designating Critical Habitat; Proposed Rule||Proposed Rule||Not Required|
To learn more about critical habitat please see http://ecos.fws.gov/crithab
» Conservation Plans
No conservation plans have been created for Palapalai aumakua.
» Life History
No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.
» Other Resources
NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.
ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.
FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.