45 Oklahoma counties (Planning Area), including Adair, Atoka, Bryan, Carter, Cherokee, Choctaw, Cleveland, Coal, Craig, Creek, Delaware, Garvin, Haskell, Hughes, Johnston, Kay, Latimer, Le Flore, Lincoln, Love, Marshall, Mayes, McClain, McCurtain, McIntosh, Murray, Muskogee, Noble, Nowata, Okfuskee, Okmulgee, Osage, Ottawa, Pawnee, Payne, Pittsburg, Pontotoc, Pottawatomie, Pushmataha, Rogers, Seminole, Sequoyah, Tulsa, Wagoner, and Washington
The ABB is considered a habitat generalist when searching for food items, and the species has been successfully live-trapped in several vegetation types including native grasslands, grazed pasture, riparian zones, coniferous forests, mature forest, and oak-hickory forest, as well as on a variety of various soil types. Ecosystems supporting ABB populations are diverse and include primary forest, scrub forest, forest edge, grassland prairie, riparian areas, mountain slopes, and maritime scrub communities. The ABB readily moves between different habitats.
ABB habitat in Oklahoma consists of fragmented grassland/woodland matrices. The species is found within a mixture of vegetation types from oak-hickory and coniferous forests on lowlands, slopes, and ridge tops to deciduous riparian corridors and valley pasturelands. Habitat structure (i.e., woodland vs. grassland) does not appear to influence over-winter survival rate in Oklahoma.
While studies indicate that the ABB is a habitat generalist in terms of feeding, it is likely more restricted when selecting burial sites for reproduction. Soil conditions must be conducive to excavation by ABBs. Soil moisture is also a factor because ABBs die quickly when desiccated. Soils in the vicinity of captures are all well drained and include sandy loam and silt loam, with a clay component noted at most sites. Level topography and a well-formed detritus layer at the ground surface are common.