Key deer (Odocoileus virginianus clavium)
Where Listed: WHEREVER FOUND
This is the smallest race of North American deer. Adults measure 25 to 30 inches at the shoulder and have an average weight of 55 to 75 pounds for males and 45-65 pounds for females. The body is stockier, legs shorter, and skull wider than other races of white-tailed deer. The coat varies from a deep reddish brown to a grizzled, gray color. Bucks usually have antlers by their second year, and eight points by the fifth. The Key deer's primary food source is the red mangrove (Rhizophora mangle), but approximately 6O other plants are also known to form part of its diet. Possibly most of the available plant species are used at one time or another. The selection of some food plants changes seasonally, probably reflecting availability and nutritional needs. Other plants are browsed almost continuously resulting in their stunting and near extirpation.
- States/US Territories in which the Key deer, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur: Florida
- US Counties in which the Key deer, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur: View All
- USFWS Refuges in which the Key deer, Wherever found is known to occur:
Great White Heron National Wildlife Refuge, National Key Deer Refuge
|Status||Date Listed||Lead Region||Where Listed|
|1967-03-11||Southeast Region (Region 4)||Wherever found|
» Federal Register Documents
|2004-04-02 00:00:00.0||69 FR 17442 17443||Notice of Availability of a Technical/Agency Draft Implementation Schedule for the South Florida Multi-Species Recovery Plan|
|2007-03-26 00:00:00.0||72 FR 14132 14133||Notice of Availability of a Final Implementation Schedule for the South Florida Multi-Species Recovery Plan|
|1967-03-11 00:00:00.0||32 FR 4001||Endangered Species List - 1967|
|Date||Title||Plan Action Status||Plan Status|
|1999-05-18||South Florida Multi-Species Recovery Plan (68 spp.)||View Implementation Progress||Final|
|Date||Citation Page||Title||Document Type|
|2004-04-02||69 FR 17442 17443||Notice of Availability of a Technical/Agency Draft Implementation Schedule for the South Florida Multi-Species Recovery Plan||
|2007-03-26||72 FR 14132 14133||Notice of Availability of a Final Implementation Schedule for the South Florida Multi-Species Recovery Plan||
|2010-08-23||Key Deer 5-Yr Review|
» Critical Habitat
No critical habitat rules have been published for the Key deer.
» Conservation Plans
|HCP Plan Summaries|
|Big Pine Key Deer|
» Life History
No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.
» Other Resources
NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.
ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.
FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.