Black-Capped Vireo (Vireo atricapilla)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:   

Where Listed: WHEREVER FOUND

General Information

12 cm. Well-marked and distinctive vireo. Male has black head, white lores and eye-ring (giving spectacled appearance), olive upperparts, blackish wings fringed olive and two yellowish wing-bars. Whitish underparts with olive flanks. Red iris. Female duller and with grey head. Juvenile browner.

This population has been proposed for delisting
  • States/US Territories in which the Black-Capped Vireo, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur:  Oklahoma , Texas
  • US Counties in which the Black-Capped Vireo, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
  • USFWS Refuges in which the Black-Capped Vireo, Wherever found is known to occur:  Balcones Canyonlands National Wildlife Refuge, Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge
  • Countries in which the the Black-Capped Vireo, Wherever found is known to occur:  Mexico
 
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
1987-10-06 Southwest Region (Region 2) Wherever found

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents
Date Citation Page Title
2013-09-09 00:00:00.0 78 FR 55046 55051 90-Day Finding on a Petition To Delist or Reclassify From Endangered to Threatened Five Southwest Species
2005-02-02 00:00:00.0 70 FR 5460 5463 5-Year Review of Lesser Long-nosed Bat, Black-capped Vireo, Yuma Clapper Rail, Pima Pineapple Cactus, Gypsum Wild-Buckwheat, Mesa Verde Cactus, and Zuni Fleabane
2000-04-25 00:00:00.0 65 FR 24222 Notice of Availability of an Environmental Assessment and Receipt of a Safe Harbor Application To Enhance the Propagation and Survival of the Black-Capped Vireo and the Golden-Cheeked Warbler in the Hill Country of Texas
1982-12-30 00:00:00.0 47 FR 58454 58460 Review of Vertebrate Wildlife for Listing as End. or Thr. Species
1986-12-12 00:00:00.0 51 FR 44808 Proposed Endangered Status for Black-capped Vireo; 51 FR 44808
1987-10-06 00:00:00.0 52 FR 37420 37423 Determination of Black-capped Vireo to be End. Species; 52 FR 37420-37423
2016-12-15 00:00:00.0 81 FR 90762 90771 Removing the Black-Capped Vireo From the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife; Proposed Rule

» Recovery

Current Recovery Plan(s)
Date Title Plan Action Status Plan Status
1991-09-30 Black-capped Vireo (Vireo atricapillus) Recovery Plan View Implementation Progress Final
Other Recovery Documents
Date Citation Page Title Document Type
2016-12-15 81 FR 90762 90771 Removing the Black-Capped Vireo From the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife; Proposed Rule
  • Notice 12 month petition finding, Warranted
  • Proposed Delisting, Recovered
2005-02-02 70 FR 5460 5463 5-Year Review of Lesser Long-nosed Bat, Black-capped Vireo, Yuma Clapper Rail, Pima Pineapple Cactus, Gypsum Wild-Buckwheat, Mesa Verde Cactus, and Zuni Fleabane
  • Notice 5-year Review
Five Year Review
Date Title
2007-07-26 Black-capped Vireo 5-Year Review

» Critical Habitat

No critical habitat rules have been published for the Black-Capped Vireo.

» Conservation Plans

Habitat Conservation Plans (HCP) (learn more)
HCP Plan Summaries
Balcones Canyonlands (BCCP)
Comal County RHCP
Davenport Ranch
Four Points (TPG Four Points Land, L.P. [formerly PW-B Joint Venture; amended 2/27/01])
Grandview Hills (Toman Parke Inc.)
Grason Volente Amendment # 4
Hays County Regional HCP
Lower Colorado River Authority (LCRA) Transmission
Oncor HCP
Rockledge - Russell Park Amendment # 1
Southern Edwards Plateau HCP
TXU Electric, Copperas Cove to Ding Dong
Volente Group Amendment 1
Volente Group (Francois Denise)
Williamson County Regional HCP
Safe Harbor Agreements (SHA): (learn more)
SHA Plan Summaries
Environmental Defense, Inc. Texas Hill Country SHA

» Petitions

» Life History

Habitat Requirements

In general, black-capped vireo breeding habitat is categorized as shrublands and open woodlands. Specifically, vireos utilize low scrubby growth, mostly comprised of deciduous vegetation, of irregular height and distribution, having foliage cover to ground level and with spaces between shrub/tree motte. Open area, or spaces between shrub mottes and trees consists of bare ground, rock, grasses and forbs. Within the United States (U.S.) range, habitat can be described as having 1) deciduous foliage density in the 0-3 meters (m)(0-10 feet (ft)) height classes, 2) few juniper species, 3) less-open habitats, and 4) heterogeneity in density of woody vegetation (especially deciduous). woody shrub cover of 35 to 55 percent is preferred by vireos.Woody shrub cover of 35 to 55 percent is preferred by vireos. (Cited from USFWS Black-capped Vireo SSA 2016, pp. 15-16)

Food Habits

Adult and fledgling black-capped vireos forage for insects within their preferred habitat mostly by gleaning them from vegetation (Graber 1961, p. 332; Grzybowski 1995, p. 5; Houston 2008, p. 23). Males tend to forage higher (>2 m; 6.6 ft) in vegetation strata than females in breeding habitats (Grzybowski 1995, p. 5; Houston 2008, p. 17). The need for increased structural heterogeneity in vegetation, including vertical strata above 3 m (10 ft) may be important for foraging, especially for males and juveniles (Houston 2008, p. 26). The diet of black-capped vireos consists mainly of arthropods, and of those mostly Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths) larvae (Graber 1961, p. 332). They will also supplement the diet with plant matter, mainly seeds (Graber 1961, p. 332; Grzybowski 1995, p. 5). Most foraging in Texas occurs in deciduous vegetation, largely live oak, as well as shin oak, and Texas red oak (Houston 2008, p. 16; Morgan 2012, p. 41). When available, considerable foraging may also occur in Ashe juniper trees (Morgan 2012, p. 41). (Cited from USFWS Black-capped Vireo SSA 2016, p. 33)

» Other Resources

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ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

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