Le Conte's thrasher (toxostoma lecontei)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:   

General Information

Le Conte's Thrashers are large, long-tailed songbird that are pale sandy gray all over. They have a down-curved bill, dark tail and pale reddish undertail. Juveniles are similar to adults, but are slightly paler, with a paler undertail.

References cited in Species Profile

  • Cornell Lab of Ornithology. 2015. Le Conte's Thrasher. All About Birds. http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/Le_Contes_Thrasher/id
  • Great Basin Bird Observatory. 2015. Le Conte's Thrasher. http://www.gbbo.org/pdf/bcp/66_Le%20Conte's%20Thrasher.pdf
  • Sheppard, Jay M. 1996. Le Conte's Thrasher (Toxostoma lecontei), The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; Retrieved from the Birds of North America Online: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/230

    Current Listing Status Summary
    Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
    California/Nevada Region (Region 8) Wherever found

    » Federal Register Documents

    » Recovery

    No recovery information is available for the Le Conte's thrasher.

    » Critical Habitat

    No critical habitat rules have been published for the Le Conte's thrasher.

    » Conservation Plans

    Habitat Conservation Plans (HCP) (learn more)
    HCP Plan Summaries
    Coachella Valley Multi-Species HCP

    » Petitions

    » Life History

    Habitat Requirements

    Desert scrub, mesquite, tall riparian brush and, locally, chaparral.

    Food Habits

    Arthropods and plant seeds are the Le Conte's Thrashers main food items. Males regularly sit on top of a small shrub while females forage nearby, particularly at the onset of breeding season.

    Movement / Home Range

    A resident throughout its desert range, covering southeastern California, southern Nevada, western Arizona, the northwestern coast of Mexico, as well as portions of the Baja Peninsula.

    Reproductive Strategy

    Males follow the females as they observe potential nest sites. Both sexes help with construction, using twigs for the outer shell.


    In some parts of its range, the Le Conte's Thrasher has lost extensive habitat to development. Irrigated lawns, groves, and fields are not compatible with its need for desert vegetation. Great reductions in numbers have occurred in areas with development, so the Le Conte's Thrasher may be in decline. For more information about this species, including occurrence, conservation strategies and recovery actions in specific states or regions, refer to the following resource:

  • Great Basin Bird Observatory. 2015. Le Conte's Thrasher. http://www.gbbo.org/pdf/bcp/66_Le%20Conte's%20Thrasher.pdf

    » Other Resources

    NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

    ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

    FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.