Texas Blind salamander (Typhlomolge rathbuni)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:   



2012-08-03 15:39:23.475 -- Texas blind salamanders were first discovered in a flowing artesian well at the San Marcos National Fish Hatchery (now Texas State University - San Marcos)

General Information

Eurycea rathbuni (= Typhlomolge rathbuni), the Texas blind salamander, is restricted in its distribution to the Edwards aquifer artesian and recharge zone in the vicinity of San Marcos, Hays County, Texas. It is subterranean but individuals may reach the surface via springs.

  • States/US Territories in which the Texas Blind salamander, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur:  Texas
  • US Counties in which the Texas Blind salamander, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
  • Additional species information
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
1967-03-11 Southwest Region (Region 2) Wherever found

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents
Date Citation Page Title
1967-03-11 00:00:00.0 32 FR 4001 Endangered Species List - 1967
2008-03-20 00:00:00.0 73 FR 14995 14997 5-Year Reviews of 28 Southwestern Species
2013-02-15 00:00:00.0 78 FR 11218 11220 Final Environmental Impact Statement and Record of Decision on the Edwards Aquifer Recovery Implementation Program Habitat Conservation Plan for Incidental Take of 11 Species (8 Federally Listed) in 8 Texas Counties

» Recovery

Current Recovery Plan(s)
Date Title Plan Action Status Plan Status
1996-02-14 San Marcos & Comal Springs & Associated Aquatic Ecosystems (Revised) Recovery Plan View Implementation Progress Final Revision 1
Other Recovery Documents
Date Citation Page Title Document Type
2008-03-20 73 FR 14995 14997 5-Year Reviews of 28 Southwestern Species
  • Notice 5-year Review, Initiation

» Critical Habitat

No critical habitat rules have been published for the Texas Blind salamander.

» Conservation Plans

Habitat Conservation Plans (HCP) (learn more)
HCP Plan Summaries
Edwards Aquifer Authority Recovery Implementation Program / EARIP

» Petitions

» Life History


Difficult to see this species in the wild. However, several are on display at the Texas River Center near Spring Lake, In San Marcos.

» Other Resources

NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.