California tiger Salamander (Ambystoma californiense)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:    and  

General Information

It is a large, stocky, terrestrial salamander with a broad, rounded snout. Adults males are about 8 inches long, females a little less than 7. Coloration consists of white or pale yellow spots or bars on a black background on the back and sides. The belly varies from almost uniform white or pale yellow to a variegated pattern of white or pale yellow and black. The salamander's small eyes protrude from their heads. They have black irises.

Population detail

The FWS is currently monitoring the following populations of the California tiger Salamander 

  • Population location: U.S.A. (CA - Santa Barbara County)

    Listing status:  Endangered

  • Population location: U.S.A. (CA - Sonoma County)

    Listing status:  Endangered

  • Population location: U.S.A. (CA - Central California)

    Listing status:  Threatened

    • States/US Territories in which this population is known to or is believed to occur:  California
    • US Counties in which this population is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
    • USFWS Refuges in which this population is known to occur:  Don Edwards San Francisco Bay National Wildlife Refuge, Ellicott Slough National Wildlife Refuge, Grasslands Wildlife Management Area, Merced National Wildlife Refuge, San Luis National Wildlife Refuge
    • Additional species information
 
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
2000-01-19 California/Nevada Region (Region 8) U.S.A. (CA - Santa Barbara County)
2002-07-22 California/Nevada Region (Region 8) U.S.A. (CA - Sonoma County)
2004-08-04 California/Nevada Region (Region 8) U.S.A. (CA - Central California)

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents
Date Citation Page Title
2004-01-22 00:00:00.0 69 FR 3064 3094 Proposed Designation of Critical Habitat for the Santa Barbara County Distinct Population Segment of the California Tiger Salamander
2001-01-08 00:00:00.0 66 FR 1295 1300 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Annual Notice of Findings on Recycled Petitions
2004-11-24 00:00:00.0 69 FR 68568 68609 Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants; designation of critical habitat for the California tiger salamander (Ambystoma californiense) in Santa Barbara County, final rule
2011-08-31 00:00:00.0 76 FR 54346 54372 Revised Designation of Critical Habitat for the Sonoma County Distinct Population Segment of California Tiger Salamander; Final Rule
1989-01-06 00:00:00.0 54 FR 554 579 ETWP; Animal Notice of Review; 54 FR 554 579
2003-05-23 00:00:00.0 68 FR 28648 28670 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Listing of the Central California Distinct Population Segment of the California Tiger Salamander; Reclassification of the Sonoma County and Santa Barbara County Distinct Populations From Endangered to Threatened; Special Rule, Proposed rule and Notice of public hearing.
1997-09-19 00:00:00.0 62 FR 49398 49397 Review of Plant and Animal Taxa
2005-09-02 00:00:00.0 70 FR 52434 52436 Notice of Availability of a Draft Environmental Impact Statement/Environmental Impact Report and Receipt of an Application for an Incidental Take Permit for the East Contra Costa County Habitat Conservation Plan and Natural Community Conservation Plan, Contra Costa County, CA
2004-10-07 00:00:00.0 69 FR 60138 60140 Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants; designation of critical habitat for the california tiger salamander (ambystoma californiense) in Santa Barbara County; proposed rule; reopening of public comment period and notice of availability of draft economic analysis
2011-06-21 00:00:00.0 76 FR 36068 36071 Designation of Critical Habitat for the Sonoma County Distinct Population Segment of the California Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma californiense: Proposed rule; revision and reopening of comment period.
2004-08-04 00:00:00.0 69 FR 47212 47248 Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants; determination of threatened status for the California tiger salamander; and special rule exemption for existing routine ranching activities; final rule
2014-12-11 00:00:00.0 79 FR 73622 73623 Draft Recovery Plan for Four Species of the Santa Rosa Plain; Notice of Availability
1992-11-19 00:00:00.0 57 FR 54545 54546 ETWP; 90-Day Finding and Commencement of Status Review for a Petition to List the California Tiger Salamander; 57 FR 54545 54546
2016-06-20 00:00:00.0 81 FR 39945 39946 Recovery Plan for Four Species of the Santa Rosa Plain; Notice of availability
2003-07-03 00:00:00.0 68 FR 39892 39893 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Listing of the Central California Distinct Population Segment of the California Tiger Salamander; Reclassification of the Sonoma County and Santa Barbara County Distinct Populations From Endangered to Threatened; Special Rule
2011-01-18 00:00:00.0 76 FR 2863 2871 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Designation of Critical Habitat for the Sonoma County Distinct Population Segment of the California Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma californiense):Revised proposed rule; reopening of comment period.
2004-08-10 00:00:00.0 69 FR 48570 48649 Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants; designation of critical habitat for the California tiger salamander, Central population
2005-12-14 00:00:00.0 70 FR 74138 74163 Designation of Critical Habitat for the Sonoma County Distinct Population Segment of the California Tiger Salamander; Final Rule
2000-09-21 00:00:00.0 65 FR 57242 57264 Final Rule To List the Santa Barbara County Distinct Population of the California Tiger Salamander as Endangered
2002-06-13 00:00:00.0 67 FR 40657 40679 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Review of Species That Are Candidates or Proposed for Listing as Endangered or Threatened; Annual Notice of Findings on Recycled Petitions; Annual Description of Progress on Listing Actions
2016-03-11 00:00:00.0 81 FR 12930 12931 Draft Recovery Plan for the Central California Distinct Population Segment of the California Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma californiense)
2000-01-19 00:00:00.0 65 FR 3110 3111 ETWP; Proposal To List the Santa Barbara County Distinct Population of the California Tiger Salamander as Endangered
2009-08-18 00:00:00.0 74 FR 41662 41673 Designation of Critical Habitat for the Sonoma County Distinct Population Segment of California Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma californiense): Proposed rule; public hearing announcement.
2000-05-19 00:00:00.0 65 FR 31869 31870 Extension of Comment Period on Proposed Rule To List the Santa Barbara County Distinct Population of the California Tiger Salamander as Endangered
2002-10-31 00:00:00.0 67 FR 66377 66378 Listing the Sonoma County distinct population segment of the California tiger salamander as endangered, reopening of the comment period
1994-04-18 00:00:00.0 59 FR 18353 18354 ETWP; 12-Month Petition Finding for the California Tiger Salamander
2011-05-25 00:00:00.0 76 FR 30377 30382 Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of Species in California, Nevada, and the Klamath Basin of Oregon
2000-01-19 00:00:00.0 65 FR 3096 3109 ETWP; Emergency Rule To List the Santa Barbara County Distinct Population of the California Tiger Salamander as Endangered
1991-11-21 00:00:00.0 56 FR 58804 58836 ETWP; Animal Candidate Review for Listing as Endangered or Threatened Species; 56 FR 58804 58836
1999-10-25 00:00:00.0 64 FR 57535 57547 Review of Plant and Animal Taxa That Are Candidates or Proposed for Listing as Endangered or Threatened; Annual Notice of Findings on Recycled Petitions; Annual Description of Progress on Listing Actions
2003-09-30 00:00:00.0 68 FR 56251 56252 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Listing of the Central California Distinct Population Segment of the California Tiger Salamander; Reclassification of the Sonoma County and Santa Barbara County Distinct Populations from Threatened to Endangered; Special Rule - REopening of Comment Period
2010-05-21 00:00:00.0 75 FR 28636 28642 Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 34 Species in California and Nevada; Availability of 96 Completed 5-Year Reviews in California and Nevada
2004-05-04 00:00:00.0 69 FR 24876 24904 Review of Species That Are Candidates or Proposed for Listing as Endangered or Threatened; Annual Notice of Findings on Resubmitted Petitions; Annual Description of Progress on Listing Actions
2005-08-02 00:00:00.0 70 FR 44301 44322 Designation of Critical Habitat for the California Tiger Salamander in Sonoma County: Proposed rule; public hearing announcement.
1996-02-28 00:00:00.0 61 FR 7597 7613 ETWP; Review of Plant and Animal Taxa That Are Candidates for Listing as Endangered or Threatened Species
2007-02-14 00:00:00.0 72 FR 7064 7084 Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 58 Species in California and Nevada; Availability of Completed 5-Year Reviews in California and Nevada
2002-07-22 00:00:00.0 67 FR 47726 47740 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Listing the Sonoma County Distinct Population Segment of the California Tiger Salamander as Endangered
2005-08-23 00:00:00.0 70 FR 49380 49458 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Designation of Critical Habitat for the California Tiger Salamander, Central Population: Final rule.
2015-04-24 00:00:00.0 80 FR 23045 23046 Draft Recovery Plan for the Santa Barbara County Distinct Population Segment of the California Tiger Salamander; Notice of document availability
2000-03-24 00:00:00.0 65 FR 15887 Reopening of Comment Period and Notice of Public Hearing on Proposed Rule To List the Santa Barbara County Distinct Population of the California Tiger Salamander as Endangered
2001-10-30 00:00:00.0 66 FR 54808 54832 ETWP; Review of Plant and Animal Species That Are Candidates or Proposed for Listing as Endangered or Threatened,Annual Notice of Findings on Recycled Petitions, and Annual Description of Progress on Listing Actions; Proposed Rule
2003-03-19 00:00:00.0 68 FR 13498 13520 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Determination of Endangered Status for the Sonoma County Distinct Population Segment of the California Tiger Salamander
1985-09-18 00:00:00.0 50 FR 37958 37967 Review of Vertebrate Wildlife; Notice of Review; 50 FR 37958-37967
2002-11-04 00:00:00.0 67 FR 67209 67210 Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior:Draft Environmental Impact Report/Environmental Impact Statement and Habitat Conservation Plan for the Natomas Basin, Sacramento County, CA; Extension of comment period and notice of availability.
1994-11-15 00:00:00.0 59 FR 58982 59028 ETWP; Animal Candidate Review for Listing as Endangered or Threatened Species.
Special Rule Publications
Date Citation Page Title
2004-08-04 00:00:00.0 69 FR 47212 47248 Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants; determination of threatened status for the California tiger salamander; and special rule exemption for existing routine ranching activities; final rule

» Recovery

Current Recovery Plan(s)
Date Title Plan Action Status Plan Status
2016-03-10 Draft Recovery Plan for the Central California Distinct Population Segment of the California Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma californiense) Recovery efforts in progress, but no implementation information yet to display Draft
2016-12-12 Recovery Plan for the Santa Barbara County Distinct Population Segment of the California Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma californiense) Recovery efforts in progress, but no implementation information yet to display Final
Other Recovery Documents
Date Citation Page Title Document Type
2016-06-20 81 FR 39945 39946 Recovery Plan for Four Species of the Santa Rosa Plain; Notice of availability
  • Notice Final Recovery Plan Availability
2011-05-25 76 FR 30377 30382 Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of Species in California, Nevada, and the Klamath Basin of Oregon
  • Notice 5-year Review, Initiation
2007-02-14 72 FR 7064 7084 Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 58 Species in California and Nevada; Availability of Completed 5-Year Reviews in California and Nevada
  • Notice 5-year Review, Initiation
2010-05-21 75 FR 28636 28642 Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 34 Species in California and Nevada; Availability of 96 Completed 5-Year Reviews in California and Nevada
  • Notice 5-year Review, Completion
2010-05-21 75 FR 28636 28642 Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 34 Species in California and Nevada; Availability of 96 Completed 5-Year Reviews in California and Nevada
  • Notice 5-year Review, Initiation
2015-04-24 80 FR 23045 23046 Draft Recovery Plan for the Santa Barbara County Distinct Population Segment of the California Tiger Salamander; Notice of document availability
  • Notice Draft Recovery Plan Availability
2016-03-11 81 FR 12930 12931 Draft Recovery Plan for the Central California Distinct Population Segment of the California Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma californiense)
  • Notice Draft Recovery Plan Availability
2014-12-11 79 FR 73622 73623 Draft Recovery Plan for Four Species of the Santa Rosa Plain; Notice of Availability
  • Notice Draft Recovery Plan Availability
Five Year Review
Date Title
2014-10-21 California Tiger Salamander Central California DPS 5-Year Review
2009-11-14 California tiger salamander - Santa Barbara County DPS 5-Year Review

» Critical Habitat

Date Citation Page Title Document Type Status
2011-08-31 76 FR 54346 54372 Revised Designation of Critical Habitat for the Sonoma County Distinct Population Segment of California Tiger Salamander; Final Rule Final Rule Final designated
2009-08-18 74 FR 41662 41673 Designation of Critical Habitat for the Sonoma County Distinct Population Segment of California Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma californiense): Proposed rule; public hearing announcement. Proposed Rule Not Required
2005-12-14 70 FR 74138 74163 Designation of Critical Habitat for the Sonoma County Distinct Population Segment of the California Tiger Salamander; Final Rule Final Rule Not Required
2005-08-23 70 FR 49380 49458 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Designation of Critical Habitat for the California Tiger Salamander, Central Population: Final rule. Final Rule Final designated
2005-08-02 70 FR 44301 44322 Designation of Critical Habitat for the California Tiger Salamander in Sonoma County: Proposed rule; public hearing announcement. Proposed Rule Not Required
2004-11-24 69 FR 68568 68609 Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants; designation of critical habitat for the California tiger salamander (Ambystoma californiense) in Santa Barbara County, final rule Final Rule Final designated
2004-08-10 69 FR 48570 48649 Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants; designation of critical habitat for the California tiger salamander, Central population Proposed Rule Not Required
2004-01-22 69 FR 3064 3094 Proposed Designation of Critical Habitat for the Santa Barbara County Distinct Population Segment of the California Tiger Salamander Proposed Rule Not Required

To learn more about critical habitat please see http://ecos.fws.gov/crithab

» Conservation Plans

Habitat Conservation Plans (HCP) (learn more)
HCP Plan Summaries
East Contra Costa County HCP/NCCP
Kern Water Bank
Natomas Basin Revised HCP and Litigation Resolution - City of Sacramento, Sutter County, and Natomas Basin Conservancy
PG&E San Joaquin Valley Operations & Maintenance HCP
San Joaquin County Multi-Species Habitat Conservation and Open Space Plan
Santa Clara Valley HCP/NCCP
Shiloh III
Shiloh IV
Sonoma County Office of Education LE HCP
Stanford University HCP
Warmington Homes Assumption of The Bluffs HCP
Safe Harbor Agreements (SHA): (learn more)
SHA Plan Summaries
Alameda County Wildlife Friendly Pond Restoration Program
East Bay Municipal Utility District Upper Mokelumne River Watershed

» Petitions

» Life History

No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.

» Other Resources

NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.