finelined pocketbook (Lampsilis altilis)
Where Listed: WHEREVER FOUND
Hamiota altilis remains widespread in the Mobile Basin, but populations are fragmented and usually small. It is known to be extant in the Cahaba and Little Cahaba rivers (Bibb and Shelby Cos., AL). In the Coosa drainage in Alabama it is extant in Weiss bypass of Coosa River proper (Cherokee Co., AL), Terrapin and South Fork Terrapin creeks (Cherokee and Cleburne Cos., AL), Big Canoe (St. Clair Co., AL), Cheaha (Talladega and Clay Cos., AL), Choccolocco Creek (Cleburne and Calhoun Cos., AL), Yellowleaf and its tributary Muddy Prong (Shelby Co., AL), Kelly and its tributary Shoal (Shelby and St. Clair Cos., AL), Shoal (Cleburne Co., AL), and Tallaseehatchee creeks (Talladega Co., AL). In the Coosa drainage in Georgia, H. altilis occurs in the Conasauga River (Murray and Whitfield Cos., GA, Polk Co., TN) and Holly (Murray Co., GA), Rock (Murray Co., GA), Duck (Walker Co., GA), Big (Haralson Co., GA), and McClendon creeks (Paulding Co., GA). In the Tallapoosa drainage it remains in Tallapoosa River proper (Cleburne Co., AL), Uphapee (Macon Co., AL), Choctafaula (Macon and Lee Cos., AL), Chewacla (Macon and Lee Cos., AL), Opintlocco (Macon Co., AL), Cane and Little Cane (Cleburne Co., AL), Sandy and Little Sandy (Chambers Co., AL), and Muscadine Creeks (Cleburne Co., AL).
- States/US Territories in which the finelined pocketbook, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur: Alabama , Georgia , Tennessee
- US Counties in which the finelined pocketbook, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur: View All
- USFWS Refuges in which the finelined pocketbook, Wherever found is known to occur:
Cahaba River National Wildlife Refuge
|Status||Date Listed||Lead Region||Where Listed|
|1993-03-17||Southeast Region (Region 4)||Wherever found|
» Federal Register Documents
|Date||Title||Plan Action Status||Plan Status|
|2000-11-17||Recovery Plan for the Mobile River Basin (15 species)||View Implementation Progress||Final|
|Date||Citation Page||Title||Document Type|
|1998-06-29||63 FR 35277 35278||Notice a Availability of a Revised Draft Recovery Plan for the Mobile River Basin Aquatic Ecosystem for Review and Comment||
|2005-06-14||70 FR 34492 34494||Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 25 Southeastern Species||
|2014-09-23||79 FR 56821 56823||5-Year Status Reviews of 27 Southeastern Species; Notice of initiation of reviews; request for information||
|2008-04-07||11 Southeastern mussels 5-year review|
» Critical Habitat
|Date||Citation Page||Title||Document Type||Status|
|2004-07-01||69 FR 40084 40171||Designation of Critical Habitat for Three Threatened Mussels and Eight Endangered Mussels in the Mobile River Basin Mussels in Mobile River Basin, AL||Final Rule||Final designated|
|2003-03-26||68 FR 14752 14832||Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Proposed Designation of Critical Habitat for Three Threatened Mussels and Eight Endangered Mussels in the Mobile River Basin; Proposed Rule||Proposed Rule||Not Required|
To learn more about critical habitat please see http://ecos.fws.gov/crithab
» Conservation Plans
|SHA Plan Summaries|
|Chewacla Creek SHA|
» Life History
Although new tributary populations of fine-lined pocketbook have been discovered since listing, they are generally characterized as small, localized, and with low densities (e.g., Gangloff 2003). The low numbers of individuals at most sites suggest marginal habitat conditions. All drainage populations remain susceptible to stochastic and chronic events (e.g., spills, drought and/or landuse runoff).
Movement / Home Range
There is no population trend data on the fine-lined pocketbook, and little information on demography. Although several new tributary populations of fine-lined pocketbook have been discovered since listing, they are characterized as small, localized, and with low densities. For example, in the most recent comprehensive survey of mussels in the Coosa River drainage, Gangloff (2003) found the species at 40 sites, but never in abundance (~ 1-2 mussels per 50 meters of stream). He also found the small tributary populations susceptible to decline during droughts. Gangloff (2003) noted that while populations in National Forest headwater streams appear to be stable, other populations may be limited or declining due to agriculture and mining operations. During a 2005 survey of 30 locations in the Conasauga River, Tennessee and Georgia, 9 fine-lined pocketbook were collected from 8 locations (Johnson in litt. 2005). In a 2004-2005 survey of the Cahaba River and tributaries, 1 to 3 fine-lined pocketbook were found at six of 120 sites surveyed (P. Johnson in litt. 2006).
» Other Resources
NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.
ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.
FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.