Alabama canebrake pitcher-plant (Sarracenia rubra ssp. alabamensis)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:   


General Information

Alabama canebrake pitcher-plant, Sarracenia rubra ssp. alabamensis, is a carnivorous herb arising from a rhizome. This species produces two types of pitchers (hollow leaves) and occasional phyllodia (flattened leaves) each season. Spring pitchers, appearing with flowers, are 20-50 cm (7.9-19.7 in.) in length and recurved; the summer pitchers are larger (20-70 cm or 7.9-27.6 in. long) and erect. Flowers are maroon in color and borne singly on scapes up to 60 cm (2 feet) tall. The fruit is a capsule.

  • States/US Territories in which the Alabama canebrake pitcher-plant, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur:  Alabama
  • US Counties in which the Alabama canebrake pitcher-plant, Wherever found is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
1989-03-10 Southeast Region (Region 4) Wherever found

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents
Date Citation Page Title
2008-07-29 00:00:00.0 73 FR 43947 43948 5-Year Status Review of 20 Southeastern Species
1989-03-10 00:00:00.0 54 FR 10150 10154 ETWP; Endangered Status for Sarracenia rubra ssp. alabamensis; 54 FR 10150 10154
1988-04-21 00:00:00.0 53 FR 13230 13234 Proposed End. Status for Alabama Canebrake Pitcher-plant; 53 FR 13230- 13234

» Recovery

Current Recovery Plan(s)
Date Title Plan Action Status Plan Status
1992-10-08 Alabama Canebreak Pitcher-Plant View Implementation Progress Final
Other Recovery Documents
Date Citation Page Title Document Type
2008-07-29 73 FR 43947 43948 5-Year Status Review of 20 Southeastern Species
  • Notice 5-year Review, Initiation
Five Year Review
Date Title
2012-01-02 Alabama Canebrake Pitcher-Plant (Sarracenia rubra ssp. alabamensis) 5-Year Review

» Critical Habitat

No critical habitat rules have been published for the Alabama canebrake pitcher-plant.

» Conservation Plans

No conservation plans have been created for Alabama canebrake pitcher-plant.

» Petitions

» Life History

Habitat Requirements

Alabama canebrake pitcher-plant inhabits two distinct habitat types that share similar floristic composition. The majority of sites are characterized as hillside seepage bogs--permanently saturated areas that attain their greatest development where an impervious layer of clay lies in close proximity to the ground surface. Precipitation, once reaching this clay zone, becomes restricted and gradually flows along a sloping gradient until surfacing further downslope. The other habitat type occurs in association with bottomland or streamside vegetation. Unlike hillside seepage bogs, moisture conditions of bottomland habitats are generally maintained with greater connection to topography and precipitation amounts.

Reproductive Strategy

Flowering occurs from late April through early June.

» Other Resources

NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.