Recovery Plan Ad Hoc Report results

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Plan Title Plan Stage Plan Lead Region (FWS) Plan Lead Office (FWS) Species Common Name Species Scientific Name Action Priority Action Number Action Description Action Status Estimated Initiation Date Estimated Completion Date Action Lead Agencies Responsible Parties Work Types Labor Types Comments Implementation Activity Number Implementation Activity Description Implementation Activity Status Implementation Activity Estimated Initiation Date Implementation Activity Estimated Completion Date Implementation Activity Labor Types Implementation Activity Work Types Implementation Activity Responsible Parties Implementation Activity Comments Implementation Activity Species
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 1 1.1 Annually monitor abundance, population size and distribution at breeding and wintering locations. Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Research Institutions, Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties Management: Population Monitoring Volunteer Assumes 157 window survey days, with 2 biologists per location. Action needed to determine fulfillment of recovery criteria
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 1 1.2 Develop and implement a program to monitor productivity and annual survival Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Research Institutions, Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties Management: Population Monitoring Species Expert Total cost is not yet determined. Action needed to determine fulfillment of recovery criteria. Depends parlty on completion of 4.3.2 and 4.3.3
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 1 1.3 Develop and implement a program to monitor habitat condition and threats at all breeding and wintering sites. Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Research Institutions, Land Management Agencies and Organizations Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Species Expert Assumes initial cost for development of standardized monitoring program and subsequent monitoring for 155 sites.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 1 2.1.1 Develop a prioritized list of wintering and breeding sites where natural coastal processes need protection and /or enhancement. Ongoing Not Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Research Institutions, Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Assumes time to evaluate sites and development of the prioritized list
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 1 2.1.2 Identify and implement mechanism to protect, enhance or restore natural coastal processes Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Research Institutions, Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties Management: Identify/Protect Foraging, Breeding and Mig Habitats, Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined. Incorporate into ongoing management in action 3. Costs will depend on mechanisms identified and carried out.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 1 2.2.1.1 Develop and implement prioritized removal and control for intorduced beachgrass and other non-native vegetation. Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 Other Land Management Agencies and Organizations, U.S.Army Corps of Engineers, Cities, Counties Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined. App C identifies 86 sites. Costs range for mechanical, manual and /or chemical control? $1,000 to $87,000/hectare ($400 to $35,000 per acre).
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 1 2.2.4 Create, manage and enhance coastal ponds and playas for breeding habitat Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Hayward Area Recreation and Park District, California Department of Fish and Game, Land Management Agencies and Organizations, U.S.Army Corps of Engineers, National Aeronautics and Sapce Administration - Ames Research Center, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Division of Refuges and Wildlife (includes Realty) Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined. App C identifies 15 sites. Costs dependent on type and area of restoration.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 1 2.3.1.1.1 Seasonally close areas used by breeding snowy plovers Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties, California Coastal Conservancy Management: Identify/Protect Foraging, Breeding and Mig Habitats, Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance App C identifies 81 sites. Assumes cost to close these sites.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 1 2.3.1.1.2 Fence areas used by breeding snowy plovers Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties, California Coastal Conservancy Management: Identify/Protect Foraging, Breeding and Mig Habitats Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance App C identifies 64 sites. Cost assumes 1 kilometer fencing required per site at a cost of $5,900 per kilometer.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 1 2.3.1.1.3 Post signs in area used by breeding snowy plovers Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties, California Coastal Conservancy Management: Identify/Protect Foraging, Breeding and Mig Habitats Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance App C identifies 65 sites. Cost dependent on number of signs needed at each site, but assumes cost for installation and a minimum of 4 signs at $20 per sign.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 1 2.3.1.2.1 Evaluate effects of existing and planned access at all breeding and wintering locations and any new locations identified. Ongoing Not Current Prior to FY 1995 Other Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties Research: Ecosystem Studies Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance App C identifies 81 sites. Assumes cost to conduct use survey for the identified sites.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 1 2.3.1.2.2 Develop and implement plans to minimize adverse access effects. Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties Management: Identify/Protect Foraging, Breeding and Mig Habitats Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined. Costs depend on outcome of 2.3.1.2.1
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 1 2.3.3 Annually review recreational activities and develop and implement plans to prevent disturbance from disruptive recreational activities at breeding and wintering sites Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 Other Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties Management: Identify/Protect Foraging, Breeding and Mig Habitats, Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Assumes staff cost to develop and implement plans at each site annually.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 1 2.3.5 Prevent disturbance, mortality and habitat degradation by prohibiting or restricting off-road vehicles and beach-raking machines. Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 Other Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties Management: Identify/Protect Foraging, Breeding and Mig Habitats, Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance App C identifies 101 sites. Assumes staff time for monitoring on weekends.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 1 2.3.8.1 Determine enforcement needs and proide sufficient wardens, agents or officiers to enforce protective measures in breeding and wintering habitat. Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Law Enforcement Division, Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties Management: Identify/Protect Foraging, Breeding and Mig Habitats Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined. Cost will depend on identified enforcement needs.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 1 2.4.3 Erect predator exclosures to reduce egg predation and improve productivity Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties Management: Predator and Competitor Control Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance App C identifies 53 sites. Assumes cost per unit installation
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 1 2.4.4 Evaluate the need for predator removal and impelemnt where warranted and feasible. Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Wildlife Services (formerly Animal Damage Control), California Department of Fish and Game, Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties Management: Predator and Competitor Control Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined. App C identifies 61 sites for additional predator control. Costs dependent on assessment of needs and feasability
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 1 2.5.1 U.S.Fish and Wildlife Servidce biologists should participate in Area Committees responsible for maintaining the Area Contingency Plans for the Pacific Coast to facilitate the updating of spill response plans to include protection of western snowy plover Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division Management: General Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Assumes staff time from the six ES offices responble for coastlines of CA, OR and WA
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 1 2.5.2 Assign monitors to beaches that are inhabited by western snowy plovers to protect western snowy plovers from injury during spill reponses Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, United States Coast Guard , Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties Management: Identify/Protect Foraging, Breeding and Mig Habitats Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Assumes cost of two weeks of monitoring for five incidents per year
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 1 3.1 Establish and maintain snowy plover working groups for each of the six recovery units. Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties, Private Landowners (except HARD, MPOSD & TNC) Management: General Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Essential mechanism to advance plover recovery. Includes biannual meeting costs and staff costs to establish new working groups.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 1 7 Dedicate sufficient U.S. Fish and Wildife Service staff for coordination of western snowy plover recovery implementation Ongoing Current FY 2006 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division Management: General Species Expert Assumes staff time to coordinate recovery implementation
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 2 2.2.1.2 Replace exotic dune plants with native dune vegetation where it is likely to improve habitat. Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 Other Land Management Agencies and Organizations, U.S.Army Corps of Engineers, Cities, Counties Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined. Estimated cost of planing native vegetation: $30,000 per hectare ($12,000 per acre). Number of sites to be determined.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 2 2.3.9 Develop and impelment a program to annually coordinate with local airports, aircraft operations regarding minimum altitude requirements Ongoing Not Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Federal Aviation Administration, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Law Enforcement Division, Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties Management: Identify/Protect Foraging, Breeding and Mig Habitats Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Assumes staff costs per recovery unit to compile list and norify aircraft operations and facilities.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 2 2.6 Compensate the loss of plover breeding and wintering habitat associated with recovery efforts for other sensitive species. Ongoing Not Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Land Management Agencies and Organizations, U.S.Army Corps of Engineers, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Division of Refuges and Wildlife (includes Realty) Management: General Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Cost dependent on effectiveness of minimizing habitat loss.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 2 3.2 Develop and implement regional participtaiton plans for each for the six recovery units Ongoing Not Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Land Management Agencies and Organizations Management: General Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Assumes staff cost to develop and implement participation plans
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 2 3.5 Provide technical assistance to local governments in developing and implementing local land use protection measures through periodic workshops Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, California Department of Parks and Recreation, Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, Oregon Department of Land Conservation and Development, California Department of Fish and Game, Oregon Parks and Recreation Department, California State Coastal Commission, Cities, Counties, California Coastal Conservancy, Washington Dept of Fish and Wildlife, Washington Department of Natural Resources, Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission Management: Identify/Protect Foraging, Breeding and Mig Habitats, Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined. Estimated at 2 workshops per recovery unit at a cost of $ (Patti Carol in RO)
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 2 4.1.1 Evaluate effectiveness of habitat restoration by removal of introduced beachgrass and identify additional studies necessary Ongoing Not Current Prior to FY 1995 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Research Institutions, Land Management Agencies and Organizations, California Coastal Conservancy Research: Ecosystem Studies Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined. Depends on the number and location of sites as well as the temoporal duration of the restoration project.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 2 4.2.1 Develop higher-efficiency nest exclosures Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 Other U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Research Institutions, Land Management Agencies and Organizations Management: Predator and Competitor Control Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Compare new exclosures with current ones to determine effects on snowy plovers
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 2 4.2.2 Develop California least tern enclosures that prevent harm to snowy plovers Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, California Department of Parks and Recreation, Research Institutions, California Department of Fish and Game, United States Marine Corps , Land Management Agencies and Organizations Management: Identify/Protect Foraging, Breeding and Mig Habitats, Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined. Costs specific to sites with California least tern enclosures. Estimated cost for materials (fencing / posts): $7 per linear foot ($23 per meter).
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 2 4.3.1 Improve methods of monitoring population size Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Research Institutions, Land Management Agencies and Organizations Research: Demographic Studies Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Dependent on costs of intensive monitoring of some sites
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 2 4.3.2 Develop sampling methods for annually estimating reproductive success Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Research Institutions Research: Demographic Studies Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Assumes time to compile and review data and develop methodology
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 2 5.1 Develop and implement public information and education programs. Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Public Affairs , Land Management Agencies and Organizations Management: General Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined. Depends on individual recovery unit strategies. See App. K (Information and Education Plan) for estimates of component expenses.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 2 6.1 Develop and implement a tracking process for the completion of recovery actions and the achievement of delisting criteria. Ongoing Current FY 2006 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, California Department of Parks and Recreation, Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, U.S. Bureau of Land Management, National Park Service, California Department of Fish and Game, U.S. Forest Service, United States Air Force , United States Marine Corps , Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Oregon Parks and Recreation Department, U.S; Army, U.S.Army Corps of Engineers, National Aeronautics and Sapce Administration - Ames Research Center, U.S. Navy, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Division of Refuges and Wildlife (includes Realty), Washington Dept of Fish and Wildlife, Washington Department of Natural Resources, Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission Management: General Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Assumes staff time to develop and implement tracking process.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 1.4 Develop and implement training and certfication programs for western snowy plover survey coordinators and observers Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Research Institutions, Land Management Agencies and Organizations Management: Population Monitoring Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Assumes initial cost to develop program and subsequent implementation
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 1.5 Improve submittal system for monitoring data to ensure consistent reporting Ongoing Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Point Reyes Bird Observatory, Bird Banding Laboratory, USGS Biological Resources Division, Land Management Agencies and Organizations Management: Population Monitoring Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Assumes initial cost to develop submittal and reporting system and subsequent annual review
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 1.6 Assess and evaluate new breeding wintering and migration areas for threats and management needs and update lists as data become available Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Point Reyes Bird Observatory, Land Management Agencies and Organizations Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined. Depends on results of annual surveys and monitoring
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 1.7 Coordinate monitoring of snowy plovers and California least terns to minimize disturbance Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, California Department of Parks and Recreation, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, U.S. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Wildlife Services (formerly Animal Damage Control), California Department of Fish and Game, United States Air Force , United States Marine Corps , U.S. Navy, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Division of Refuges and Wildlife (includes Realty) Management: General Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Coordinate at biannual pre- and post-season California least tern monitoring meeting. Assumes 2 meetings at 2 days per meeting with 9 agency staff attending.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 1.8 Develop a post-delisting monitoring plan Not Started U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Research Institutions, Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties Work type not yet selected Labor type not yet selected Total cost is not yet determined.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 2.2.2.1 Evaluate breeding and wintering sites to determine whether dredged materials may be used to enhance tor create nesting habitat Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Land Management Agencies and Organizations, U.S.Army Corps of Engineers, Cities, Counties Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Assumes cost to evaluate each site.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 2.2.2.2 Develop and implement plans to use dredged mateials may be used to enhance of create nesting habitat. Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Land Management Agencies and Organizations, U.S.Army Corps of Engineers, Cities, Counties Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined. Cost dependent on number of sites identified in 2.2.2.1.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 2.2.3.1 Identify sites where beach nourishment may be effective in creating and enhancing habitat Ongoing Not Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Land Management Agencies and Organizations, U.S.Army Corps of Engineers, Cities, Counties Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Assumes cost to evaluate each site.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 2.2.3.2 Develop and implement beach nourshment plans for site identified in action 2.2.3.1 Not Started Other Land Management Agencies and Organizations, U.S.Army Corps of Engineers, Cities, Counties Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined. Cost dependent on number of sites identified in 2.2.3.1 and outcome of 4.1.1
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 2.3.2 Implement and enforce pet restrictions Ongoing Not Current Prior to FY 1995 Other Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties Management: Identify/Protect Foraging, Breeding and Mig Habitats Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance App C identifies 120 sites. Assumes staff time to implement and enforce restrictions at the identified sites
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 2.3.4 Prevent driftwood removal through posting of signs Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 Other Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties Management: Identify/Protect Foraging, Breeding and Mig Habitats, Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance App C identifies 26 sites. Cost dependent on number of signs needed at each site, but assumes cost for installation and an minimum of 4 signs at $20 per sign.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 2.3.6 Implement restrictions on horsebackriding through annual coordination Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 Other Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties Management: Identify/Protect Foraging, Breeding and Mig Habitats, Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance App C identifies 72 sites. Assumes staff time to implement restrictions.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 2.3.7 Implement and enforce restrictions on livestock through annual coordination Unknown Prior to FY 1995 Other Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties Management: Identify/Protect Foraging, Breeding and Mig Habitats, Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance App C identifies 18 sites. Assumes staff time to implement restrictions.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 2.3.8.2 Develop and implement training programs for enforcement personnel to improve enforcement of regulations and minimize effects of enforcement. Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Law Enforcement Division, Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties Management: General Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Annual training cost estimate $8,000 per year.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 2.4.1.1 Implement and enforce anti-littering regulations. Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 Other Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties Management: Predator and Competitor Control Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined. Incorporate into ongoing management and Action 3.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 2.4.1.2 Evaluate the effects of current litter and garbage management on predation at breeding and wintering sites. Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 Other Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties Management: Predator and Competitor Control Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Assumes evaluation time per site
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 2.4.1.3 Develop and implement garbage and litter management plans where litter and garbage contribute to predation Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 Other Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties Management: Predator and Competitor Control Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined. Costs will depend on 2.4.12 and plans developed.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 2.4.2 Annually identify and remove predator perches and unnnatural habitat attractive to predators Ongoing Not Current Prior to FY 1995 Other Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties Management: Identify/Protect Foraging, Breeding and Mig Habitats Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Assumes staff time to complete action each year.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 2.4.5 Remove bird and mammal carcasses in nesting areas Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties Management: Predator and Competitor Control Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 2.7.1 Investigate feasibility and methods for discouraging pinniped use of nesting areas Ongoing Not Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. National Marine Fisheries Service (NOAA Fisheries), Land Management Agencies and Organizations, U.S. Navy Management: Depredation Control Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Assumes staff time to investigate
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 2.7.2 Identify areas where pinniped use is negatively affecting nesting and implement any appropriate methods Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. National Marine Fisheries Service (NOAA Fisheries), Land Management Agencies and Organizations, U.S. Navy Management: Identify/Protect Foraging, Breeding and Mig Habitats Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined. Costs dependent on number of sites identified and methods determined in 2.7.1
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 3.1 Ensure that section 7 consultationscontribute to Pacific coast western snowy plover consultation Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Federal Agencies Management: Identify/Protect Foraging, Breeding and Mig Habitats, Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Assumes staff time for annual evaluation
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 3.3.1 Develop and implement management plans for Federal lands Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Bureau of Land Management, National Park Service, U.S. Forest Service, United States Air Force , United States Marine Corps , U.S; Army, U.S.Army Corps of Engineers, National Aeronautics and Sapce Administration - Ames Research Center, U.S. Navy, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Division of Refuges and Wildlife (includes Realty) Management: Identify/Protect Foraging, Breeding and Mig Habitats, Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined. Implementation cost dependent on content of plans developed.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 3.3.2 Develop and implement management plans and Habitat Conservation Plans on State wildlife areas, State ecological reserves and State beachs Ongoing Not Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service California Department of Parks and Recreation, Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, California Department of Fish and Game, Oregon Parks and Recreation Department, Washington Dept of Fish and Wildlife, Washington Department of Natural Resources, Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission Management: Identify/Protect Foraging, Breeding and Mig Habitats, Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Assumes cost for each recovery unit to assist in development. Implementation cost to be determined.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 3.4 Develop and implement Habitat Conservation Plans or other management plans for sites owned by local governments or private landowners Ongoing Not Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, East Bay Regional Park District, Midpeninsula Regional Open Space District, Port of Oakland, Hayward Area Recreation and Park District, Monterey Peninsula Regional Park District, Port of Grays Harbor, San Dieguito River Park Joint Powers Authority, The Nature Conservancy, Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties, Private Landowners (except HARD, MPOSD & TNC) Management: Identify/Protect Foraging, Breeding and Mig Habitats, Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Assumes cost for each recovery unit to assist in development. Implementation cost to be determined.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 3.6 Develop and implement cooperative programs and partnerships with the California State Coastal Commission, the Oregon Department of Land Conservation and Development, the Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, The Oregon Parks and Recreation Department, the California Department of Parks and Recreation and The Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife Ongoing Not Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, California Department of Parks and Recreation, Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, Oregon Department of Land Conservation and Development, Oregon Parks and Recreation Department, California State Coastal Commission, Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission Management: Identify/Protect Foraging, Breeding and Mig Habitats, Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined. Costs may vary from year to year based on identified program needs.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 3.7 Obtain long-term agreements with private landowners Unknown Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, California Department of Parks and Recreation, Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, California Department of Fish and Game, Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Private Landowners (except HARD, MPOSD & TNC), Washington Dept of Fish and Wildlife, Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission Management: Identify/Protect Foraging, Breeding and Mig Habitats, Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Assumes staff time to facilitate 6 agreements per year per recovery unit. App C identifies 72 sites.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 3.8 Identify and protect habitat available for acquisition Ongoing Not Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Land Management Agencies and Organizations, California Coastal Conservancy, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Division of Refuges and Wildlife (includes Realty) Management: Identify/Protect Foraging, Breeding and Mig Habitats, Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 3.9 Ensure that any section 10(a)1(B) and section7(a)(2) permits contribute to Pacific coast western snowy plover conservation Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Federal Agencies Management: Identify/Protect Foraging, Breeding and Mig Habitats, Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Assumes staff time for annual evaluation
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 4.1 Identify, proritize and carry out studies on the effects of human recreation on western snowy plovers. Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Research Institutions, Point Reyes Bird Observatory, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Land Management Agencies and Organizations Research: Ecosystem Studies Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined. Costs dependent on research needs identified.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 4.11 Revise the population viability analysis when sufficient additional information is available. Not Started U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Research Institutions, Point Reyes Bird Observatory, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Bird Banding Laboratory, USGS Biological Resources Division Research: Demographic Studies Species Expert Assumes cost to conduct modeling.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 4.1.2 Evaluate the impacts and potential benefits of past and ongoing beach nourishment activities and identify and carry out any additional studies necessary Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Research Institutions, Land Management Agencies and Organizations, U.S.Army Corps of Engineers, Cities, Counties Research: Ecosystem Studies Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 4.2.3 Identify, prioritize and carry out investigations on control of predators Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Research Institutions, U.S. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Wildlife Services (formerly Animal Damage Control), California Department of Fish and Game, Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties, Private Landowners (except HARD, MPOSD & TNC), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Division of Refuges and Wildlife (includes Realty) Management: Predator and Competitor Control Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined. Cost dependent on number and types of studies identified
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 4.2.4 Investigate predator management at the landscape level. Ongoing Not Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Research Institutions, U.S. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Wildlife Services (formerly Animal Damage Control), Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties, Private Landowners (except HARD, MPOSD & TNC), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Division of Refuges and Wildlife (includes Realty) Management: Predator and Competitor Control Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined. Costs dependent on number and types of studies identified.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 4.2.5 Investigate techniques for identifying nest predators Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Research Institutions, Land Management Agencies and Organizations Management: Predator and Competitor Control Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 4.3.3 Develop methods to monitor plover survival rates Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Research Institutions, Land Management Agencies and Organizations Research: Demographic Studies Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 4.4.1 Identify brood habitat and map brood home ranges. Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Research Institutions, Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties, Private Landowners (except HARD, MPOSD & TNC) Research: Demographic Studies Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined. Costs dependent on study design. May include radio telemetry.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 4.4.2 Identify components of high-quality brood rearing habitat Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Research Institutions, Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties, Private Landowners (except HARD, MPOSD & TNC) Research: Dietary Studies Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Assumes study at 6 geographically representative sites for duration of breeding season.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 4.4.3 Quantify wintering habitat need along the Pacific coast Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Research Institutions, Point Reyes Bird Observatory, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division Management: Planning Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Assumes study at 6 geographically representative sites during winter months
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 4.4.4 Identify important migration stop-over habitat Ongoing Not Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Land Management Agencies and Organizations Management: Identify/Protect Foraging, Breeding and Mig Habitats, Management: Habitat Maintenance and Manipulation Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 4.5 Develop and implement a research program to determine causes of adult mortality Ongoing Not Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Research Institutions, Land Management Agencies and Organizations Research: Demographic Studies Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined. Costs dependent on study design
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 4.6.1 Compile information regarding number and types of banding injuries to plovers Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Research Institutions, Point Reyes Bird Observatory, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Bird Banding Laboratory, USGS Biological Resources Division Management: Population Monitoring Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Assumes staff time to develop, distribute and compile information requests.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 4.6.2 Review compiled information (see 4.6.1) and determine and implement an appropriate course of action. Ongoing Not Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Research Institutions, Point Reyes Bird Observatory, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Bird Banding Laboratory, USGS Biological Resources Division Management: Population Monitoring Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Assumes staff time to review compiled information , distribution and coordination with other responsible parties.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 4.7 Identify effects of oil spills on snowy plover Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Research Institutions, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Land Management Agencies and Organizations Research: Environmental Contaminants Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined. Typical range of cost for study is estimated between $25,000 and $100,000
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 4.8 Monitor levels of environmental contaminants in snowy plovers Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Research Institutions, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Land Management Agencies and Organizations Research: Environmental Contaminants Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined. Depends on number and type of samples. Cost estimate $700 per sample, but may vary depending on type of contaminant.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 4.9 Design and conduct contaminants studies if monitoring of contaminanats in action 4.8 indicates potential contaminants effects. Ongoing Not Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Research Institutions, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Land Management Agencies and Organizations Research: Environmental Contaminants Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined. Depends on number of sites and samples analyzed. Cost estimates for studies range from $25,000 to $50,00 per site.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 5.2 Inform Federal, State and loal planning agencies and local planning departments of threats to breeding and wintering snowy plovers and their habitats. Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, California Department of Parks and Recreation, Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, Oregon Department of Land Conservation and Development, California Department of Fish and Game, Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Oregon Parks and Recreation Department, California State Coastal Commission, Cities, Counties, Washington Dept of Fish and Wildlife, Washington Department of Natural Resources, Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission Management: Planning Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 5.3 Develop and maintain updated information and education materials on snowy plovers Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Public Affairs , Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties Management: General Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined. Incorporate into ongoing management and Actions 3.1 though 3.10. See App K
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 5.4 Alert landowners and beach-goers about access restrictions within snowy plover habitats Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Public Affairs , Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties Management: General Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined. Incorporate into ongoing management and Actions 3.1 though 3.10. See App K
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 5.5 Provide trained personnel to facilitate protective measures, provide public education, and respond to emergency situations. Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 Other Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties Management: Identify/Protect Foraging, Breeding and Mig Habitats Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined. Need to secure funds for volunteer coordinator and staff to train volunteers. Incorporate into Actions 3.1 though 3.10. See App K
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 5.6 Develop protocols for handling sick, displaced, injured, oiled and dead birds or salvaged eggs. Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties Management: General Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Assumes staff time to develop protocol.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 5.7 Establish a distribution system and repository for information and educational materials Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Land Management Agencies and Organizations, Cities, Counties Management: General Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined. Incorporate into ongoing management and Actions 3.1 though 3.10. See App K
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 5.8 Establish a reporting and distribution system for annual monitoring data. Ongoing Not Current FY 2000 - FY 2004 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division Management: Population Monitoring Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Assumes time spent collecting and compiling data.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 6.2 Review progress toward recovery annually Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Land Management Agencies and Organizations Management: General Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Assumes staff time to compile and review data.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 6.3 Assess the applicability, value and success of this plan to the recovery of the western snowy plover every 5 years Ongoing Current FY 2006 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Management: General Species Expert Assumes staff time to review every 5 years
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 6.4 Prepare a delisting package for the Pacific coast population of the western snowy plover Not Started U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division Management: General Species Expert
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 6.5 Prepare and implement a post-delisting monitoring plan Not Started U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division Management: General Species Expert Assumes staff time to prepare and implement post-delisting monitoring plan
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 8.1 Develop a joint United States and Mexico effort to protect snowy plover populations and their habitat. Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, International Affairs Management: International Cooperation Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 8.2 Encourage research and monitoring of breeding and wintering snowy plovers in Baja California, Mexico, by universities adna authorities of Mexico. Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Research Institutions, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, International Affairs Management: International Cooperation Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 8.3 Encourage development and implementation of public information and conservation education in Mexico Ongoing Current Prior to FY 1995 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, International Affairs, Public Affairs Management: International Cooperation Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined.
Final Recovery Plan for the Western Snowy Plover F 8 Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office (707) 822-7201 Western snowy plover Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus 3 9 Coordinate with other survey, assessment and recovery efforts for the western snowy plover throughout North America Ongoing Current FY 2006 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Division, Research Institutions, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, International Affairs Management: Population Monitoring Species Expert, Internal Technical Assistance Total cost is not yet determined.